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HTML Essential Training
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Using traditional frames


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HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Using traditional frames

The legacy frame specification from HTML3 and 4 has been obsoleted in HTML5. We're going to cover it here so you can recognize it when you see it. If you don't expect to be maintaining old legacy websites, then feel free to skip the rest of this movie. Let's make a working copy of frameset.html, and I'll rename this to frameset-working.html. This file actually loads some of the files from this frame subdirectory, and these are all very simple HTML files, as we'll see.
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  1. 5m 24s
    1. Welcome
      56s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 37s
    3. What you need to know about this course
      2m 51s
  2. 22m 0s
    1. What is HTML?
      4m 12s
    2. Examining the structure of an HTML document
      7m 50s
    3. Understanding tags and containers
      6m 4s
    4. Exploring content models in HTML5
      2m 23s
    5. Looking at obsolete elements
      1m 31s
  3. 27m 19s
    1. Understanding whitespace and comments
      3m 53s
    2. Displaying text with paragraphs
      3m 37s
    3. Applying style
      8m 5s
    4. Using block and inline tags
      6m 34s
    5. Displaying characters with references
      5m 10s
  4. 16m 36s
    1. Exploring the front matter of HTML
      2m 9s
    2. Applying CSS to your document
      3m 59s
    3. Adding scripting elements
      4m 54s
    4. Using the meta tag
      3m 34s
    5. Optimizing your page for search engines
      2m 0s
  5. 24m 59s
    1. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      2m 46s
    2. Exploring phrase elements
      1m 44s
    3. Using font markup elements
      1m 5s
    4. Highlighting text with mark
      1m 29s
    5. Adding headings
      1m 38s
    6. Using quotations and quote marks
      3m 2s
    7. Exploring preformatted text
      1m 45s
    8. Formatting lists
      2m 28s
    9. Forcing text direction
      3m 49s
    10. Suggesting word-break opportunities
      2m 29s
    11. Annotating East Asian languages
      2m 44s
  6. 29m 15s
    1. Introducing CSS
      55s
    2. Understanding CSS placement
      6m 55s
    3. Exploring CSS syntax
      10m 34s
    4. Understanding CSS units of measure
      3m 3s
    5. Some CSS examples
      7m 48s
  7. 22m 5s
    1. Using images
      4m 13s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      4m 55s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      3m 3s
    4. Aligning images
      5m 25s
    5. Mapping links in an image
      4m 29s
  8. 22m 28s
    1. Understanding URLs
      2m 41s
    2. Working with hyperlinks
      3m 28s
    3. Using relative URLs
      4m 20s
    4. Specifying a base URL
      2m 19s
    5. Linking within a page
      4m 12s
    6. Using image links
      5m 28s
  9. 17m 2s
    1. Exploring list types
      3m 52s
    2. List elements in depth
      7m 44s
    3. Using text menus with unordered lists
      5m 26s
  10. 15m 30s
    1. Introduction to HTML semantics
      4m 9s
    2. Exploring an example
      4m 56s
    3. Marking up figures and illustrations
      2m 33s
    4. Creating collapsible details
      3m 52s
  11. 11m 18s
    1. Embedding audio
      5m 19s
    2. Embedding video
      5m 59s
  12. 11m 53s
    1. Creating ad-hoc Document Object Model (DOM) data with the data-* attribute
      4m 53s
    2. Displaying relative values with meter
      2m 57s
    3. Creating dynamic progress indicators
      4m 3s
  13. 4m 49s
    1. Overview of HTML5 microdata
      1m 8s
    2. Exploring an example with microdata
      3m 41s
  14. 7m 3s
    1. Understanding outlines
      52s
    2. A demonstration of outlining
      6m 11s
  15. 13m 1s
    1. Table basics
      7m 29s
    2. Exploring the semantic parts of a table
      2m 32s
    3. Grouping columns
      3m 0s
  16. 9m 55s
    1. Frames overview
      54s
    2. Using traditional frames
      4m 26s
    3. Exploring inline frames using iframe
      2m 7s
    4. Simulating frames with CSS
      2m 28s
  17. 53m 7s
    1. Introducing forms
      10m 24s
    2. Using text elements
      10m 12s
    3. Using checkboxes and radio buttons
      2m 37s
    4. Creating selection lists and dropdown lists
      5m 14s
    5. Submit and button elements
      8m 48s
    6. Using an image as a submit button
      2m 15s
    7. Keeping context with the hidden element
      3m 0s
    8. Setting tab order
      2m 7s
    9. Preloading an autocomplete list using the datalist feature
      5m 26s
    10. Displaying results with output
      3m 4s
  18. 19m 47s
    1. Touring a complete site
      2m 14s
    2. Touring the HTML
      8m 44s
    3. Touring the CSS
      8m 49s
  19. 29s
    1. Goodbye
      29s

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HTML Essential Training
5h 34m Beginner Sep 11, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course introduces web designers to the nuts and bolts of HTML (HyperText Markup Language), the programming language used to create web pages. Author Bill Weinman explains what HTML is, how it's structured, and presents the major tags and features of the language. Discover how to format text and lists, add images and flow text around them, link to other pages and sites, embed audio and video, and create HTML forms. Additional tutorials cover the new elements in HTML5, the latest version of HTML, and prepare you to start working with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).

Topics include:
  • What is HTML?
  • Using HTML tags and containers
  • Understanding block vs. inline tags
  • Controlling line breaks and spaces in text
  • Aligning images
  • Linking within a page
  • Using relative links
  • Working with tables
  • Creating progress indicators with HTML5
  • Adding buttons and check boxes to forms
  • Applying CSS
  • Optimizing your pages for search engines
  • Building document outlines
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Foundations Web Development
Software:
HTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Using traditional frames

The legacy frame specification from HTML3 and 4 has been obsoleted in HTML5. We're going to cover it here so you can recognize it when you see it. If you don't expect to be maintaining old legacy websites, then feel free to skip the rest of this movie. Let's make a working copy of frameset.html, and I'll rename this to frameset-working.html. This file actually loads some of the files from this frame subdirectory, and these are all very simple HTML files, as we'll see.

Open up frameset-working.html in the text editor and as you can see, this is a very short document. You'll notice that it doesn't have a doc type at the top, because this is not actually legal HTML5, so we don't want the browser to think that it is. We've a title here in the head section and after that the head section, you'll notice that there's no body; instead of a body we have a frame set, and a frame set contains a frame. It can also contain other frame sets. So we open this in the browser.

You see that this document has these three frames, and each of these frames is actually opening an HTML file from this frame subdirectory. So the first frame here is f1, the second one is f2, and this third one is f3. And if I right-click on this f1, you see it says This Frame, and I can View Frame Source, and there is that document. It says Frame One in it. So let's look at the syntax of these tags. The frameset tag has a cols attribute or a rows attribute, and then inside quotation marks it has a specification for how those columns are laid out.

In this case, the right column is taking up 75% of the space, and the left column is taking whatever is left. That asterisk means evenly divide up whatever is left, so you could have more than one of them, and it would evenly divide them. So as I change the size of this window, you notice that the right-hand side continues to take up 75% of however much space that is. So it has got those two columns: 75% on the right and whatever is left on the left. And then left to right, we load up those columns.

So the first column is a frame, and it has a source file (src) of this f1.html, so that's this frame here, Frame One. That's f1.html. And the second column has a frameset with the rows, and the rows are 100 pixels and whatever is left. So as I change the height of this window, you see that that top frame remains the same size. It is always 100 pixels, and whatever is left is taken up by Frame Three. So we have these files--f2 and f3--and those are taking up the rows. The first one is the top row and the second one is the next row down.

And then we close our frameset elements, and that's it. So you might notice one other thing about this is that there is this horrible- looking border things. And you can actually use those to drag around these borders, which is a pretty bad idea actually. Let me reload this and make them default again. So mostly I think you're going to want to get rid of those borders, because they don't serve any useful purpose. They serve a rather nasty non- useful purpose and they are ugly. So the way to get rid of them is with the frame border attributes.

So here on frameset, I am just going to say frameborder="0". When I save this and reload it, you notice that all the frameborders go away. In some older browsers, that won't quite get rid of all the frameborders; you'll need to also put that same attribute down here on this other frameset. And so I am going to go ahead and do that anyway and hit Reload over here. Now we don't have these borders. I can't grab them and change their size, and they're working exactly as they are supposed to work.

It's also worth noting that there is no CSS equivalent of that frameborder=0. Because this tag is so old and not part of any recent specification, CSS simply does not have a selector for selecting a frameset. So the code I've shown you in this movie is considered obsolete. It still works in modern browsers, because the browsers all go to great lengths to support legacy code. But this is not standard HTML, and you should not use this feature in any new code.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about HTML Essential Training.


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Q: The horizontal nab bar built in Chapter 8 doesn't work correctly in Internet Explorer 8. Do you have a solution?
A: Internet Explorer 8 does not support HTML5 and the NAV element.

The nab bar can work in IE 8 if you change the nav element to div, and update the CSS accordingly. You will also need to move the "display: inline" from the "ul.menu li a" rule to the "ul.menu li" rule.
 
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