Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Using the small element

From: HTML5: Structure, Syntax, and Semantics

Video: Using the small element

The small element is another element that has been around for quite some time but has been entirely redefined in HTML5 to something that will hopefully be a little bit more useful to authors. In HTML 4, the small element was simply defined as text that the browser should render in a small font, without giving it really any additional information or meaning. Now, in HTML5, the element has been redefined to represent legal text or other text that would be normally considered fine print. So I want to read a little bit from the specification here, you see.

Using the small element

The small element is another element that has been around for quite some time but has been entirely redefined in HTML5 to something that will hopefully be a little bit more useful to authors. In HTML 4, the small element was simply defined as text that the browser should render in a small font, without giving it really any additional information or meaning. Now, in HTML5, the element has been redefined to represent legal text or other text that would be normally considered fine print. So I want to read a little bit from the specification here, you see.

So you can see again I'm in the author view of the HTML5 specification, and I have navigated to the small element. I'll scroll down a little bit here, and you can see, the small element represents side comments such as small print. And again, we get a little note here that expounds on that: "Small print typically features disclaimers, caveats, legal restrictions, copyrights," things like that. Now, here is the other thing; the small element does not de-emphasize, or lower the importance of, text emphasized by the em element or marked as important by the strong element.

Really, all this is doing is identifying this as being fine print or a disclaimer. So it's a specific type of content, not necessarily the importance of it. Now, there is another thing in the description that I want to make sure gets passed along, and that is that the small element should not be used for extended spans of text. So no multiple paragraphs, no lists, no really complex structures inside of it. It's just supposed to be used for shorter runs of text where you have that one specific legal statement or a link or something of that nature.

So let's go back into our trails page and see where maybe the small element could be useful for us. So I went into the 05_08 folder and I opened up the trails.htm, and as you can probably imagine, as I scroll down, the footer element is really what we're looking at here. In our page footer, remember we have this line right here that says, "all content copyright 2011 Explore California. org, please read our terms of use." So what I'm going to do is I'm going to wrap the entire copyright and content information in the small tag.

Now it's still a small run of text, and it's still just inside the paragraph, so I'm not going to do multiple paragraphs here. I'm going to go inside the paragraph and just do small tag, so open the small tag there, close it there. So it's very much--you can think of it sort of as an inline element; it occurs over really small runs of text-- so, no complex structures. All right! I'm going to go ahead and save that and preview that in a browser. If I scroll down, we can see the effect that using the small element has had on our text visually.

The browser is reducing the size of that, so it does give the appearance of being fine print, if you will, while it's also passing along the information semantically. Now one of the things I'd like to do to this is I would also like the text to be represented in italics. So not only do I want it to shrink down a little bit, but I also want it to be italicized. Now, browsers aren't going to do that with small text automatically, so I'm going to have to do that through my styles. So I'm going to go back into my page, and I want to open up the main.css file. So I am going to go all the way down to the very bottom of my styles.

I'm just going to add a new selector right down here. I'm going to type in 'footer#pageFooter small'. So I'm saying any time you find text inside of a small element inside of a footer with ID of page footer, and really, we're just going to do a font style. And the font style that we're going to apply to this of course is italic because we want to italicize the text. Okay, perfect! So now, I'm going to save this, and let's go back in and I'm going to preview that once again in the browser.

Now, when I scroll down, I can see that not only is our fine print a little smaller, but it's also now italicized. So now, our legal data is not only displayed as fine print, but is being represented as fine print by our code as well. Now just keep in mind if you're going to use it that the small element is for smaller segments of text, not longer passages of text. And remember the restrictions on what type of content can go inside of it. So you want to make sure that you're using it with legal disclaimers, copyright data, anything that would normally be considered fine print.

So if you remember that, used in the right context, it's another element that can help us add meaning to our code.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for HTML5: Structure, Syntax, and Semantics
HTML5: Structure, Syntax, and Semantics

46 video lessons · 35848 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 20s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 32s
  2. 18m 41s
    1. A brief overview of HTML5
      3m 57s
    2. What's in the HTML5 specification?
      8m 17s
    3. Why do we need new structural elements?
      6m 27s
  3. 50m 33s
    1. Defining HTML5 documents
      5m 5s
    2. HTML5 syntax
      9m 14s
    3. The header element
      5m 22s
    4. The nav element
      4m 55s
    5. The section element
      4m 51s
    6. The article element
      4m 48s
    7. The aside element
      4m 13s
    8. The footer element
      4m 17s
    9. Content model overview
      7m 48s
  4. 35m 28s
    1. Understanding the outline algorithm
      3m 17s
    2. Creating document sections
      8m 25s
    3. Using headings properly
      9m 1s
    4. Using hgroup to override sectioning
      4m 17s
    5. Properly nesting structure
      7m 17s
    6. Sectioning roots
      3m 11s
  5. 58m 30s
    1. Organizing content
      4m 41s
    2. Planning document structure
      5m 47s
    3. Choosing the right structural element
      4m 43s
    4. Checking document outlines
      5m 27s
    5. Coding initial page structure
      5m 28s
    6. Using class and ID attributes
      5m 31s
    7. Structuring headers
      13m 13s
    8. Building navigation
      7m 1s
    9. Structuring footers
      6m 39s
  6. 1h 27m
    1. Working with figure and figcaption
      7m 12s
    2. Grouping content with asides
      3m 46s
    3. Using divs in HTML5
      5m 0s
    4. Working with lists in HTML5
      7m 10s
    5. The return of bold and italic
      5m 52s
    6. Citing works semantically
      6m 32s
    7. Using the address element
      5m 24s
    8. Using the small element
      4m 24s
    9. Using the mark element
      5m 16s
    10. Working with date and time
      11m 55s
    11. Creating block-level links
      8m 53s
    12. Understanding link relationships
      9m 28s
    13. Defining link relationships
      6m 23s
  7. 17m 22s
    1. Current browser support
      7m 38s
    2. Ensuring block-level display
      4m 3s
    3. Adding support for elements in older browsers
      5m 41s
  8. 3m 46s
    1. Additional Resources
      3m 46s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed HTML5: Structure, Syntax, and Semantics.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.