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Up and Running with HTML
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Solution: Controlling basic styles


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Up and Running with HTML

with James Williamson

Video: Solution: Controlling basic styles

I hope you had fun working on the CSS Lab. We're going to go ahead and take a look at the completed lab, and you can compare your files with the files from the finished files folder. The first thing I'm doing here is I'm just kind of opening up the finished files in the browser so you can kind of see how the styling looks and you can compare your styling with mine. You can probably tell if something isn't working right or if some of the styling is a little off; it's pretty easy to tell usually as you start testing them. So just go through them, look in the browser, and make sure everything looks okay. All right! I'm going to go back into the code.
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  1. 2m 12s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 17s
  2. 29m 30s
    1. Learning HTML
      2m 47s
    2. Choosing a code editor
      5m 2s
    3. Exploring basic HTML syntax
      8m 18s
    4. Do I need to learn HTML5?
      5m 6s
    5. Exploring HTML references
      8m 17s
  3. 35m 40s
    1. Exploring an HTML document
      5m 19s
    2. Working with doctype declarations
      4m 3s
    3. Examining the document head
      8m 20s
    4. Looking at the document body
      3m 21s
    5. Adding document structure
      8m 52s
    6. Lab: Coding a basic page
      3m 9s
    7. Solution: Coding a basic page
      2m 36s
  4. 1h 23m
    1. How does HTML format text?
      5m 51s
    2. Adding headings
      7m 24s
    3. Formatting paragraphs
      4m 54s
    4. Controlling line breaks
      3m 50s
    5. Creating lists
      10m 37s
    6. Emphasizing text
      6m 42s
    7. Displaying special characters
      5m 8s
    8. Controlling whitespace
      4m 35s
    9. Inserting images
      9m 20s
    10. Lab: Controlling page content
      13m 57s
    11. Solution: Controlling page content
      10m 55s
  5. 31m 54s
    1. Linking to pages within your site
      6m 45s
    2. Linking to external pages
      3m 2s
    3. Linking to downloadable resources
      2m 25s
    4. Linking to page regions
      8m 0s
    5. Lab: Creating Links
      5m 57s
    6. Solution: Creating Links
      5m 45s
  6. 40m 27s
    1. Examining basic table structure
      5m 10s
    2. Adding content to tables
      6m 20s
    3. Setting table attributes
      7m 42s
    4. Adding table captions
      4m 3s
    5. Defining table headers
      2m 13s
    6. Making table data accessible
      5m 46s
    7. Lab: Building tables
      4m 13s
    8. Solution: Building tables
      5m 0s
  7. 43m 23s
    1. Understanding the relationship between HTML and CSS
      4m 58s
    2. Creating inline styles
      4m 53s
    3. Exploring the style element
      5m 13s
    4. Basic font styling
      9m 24s
    5. Changing color
      4m 55s
    6. Taking styles further
      5m 24s
    7. Lab: Controlling basic styles
      5m 10s
    8. Solution: Controlling basic styles
      3m 26s
  8. 5m 44s
    1. Next steps
      2m 56s
    2. Additional resources
      2m 48s

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Up and Running with HTML
4h 32m Beginner Oct 19, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course is designed to quickly lead you through the steps of building an HTML website, from creating a new page to building links and tables. Author James Williamson simplifies the coding process, with straightforward steps you can recreate on your own. The course explains the basic structure of an HTML document, shows how to add text and images, and introduces font styling with CSS. James also offers a bonus design challenge at the end of each chapter, where he asks you to think of a solution before offering his own.

Topics include:
  • Choosing a code editor
  • Coding a basic page
  • Adding headings
  • Formatting paragraphs
  • Creating lists
  • Inserting images
  • Linking to internal and external pages
  • Linking to downloadable content
  • Building tables with headers and captions
  • Creating inline CSS styles
  • Changing the color and font of your text
Subjects:
Web Web Design Web Development
Software:
HTML
Author:
James Williamson

Solution: Controlling basic styles

I hope you had fun working on the CSS Lab. We're going to go ahead and take a look at the completed lab, and you can compare your files with the files from the finished files folder. The first thing I'm doing here is I'm just kind of opening up the finished files in the browser so you can kind of see how the styling looks and you can compare your styling with mine. You can probably tell if something isn't working right or if some of the styling is a little off; it's pretty easy to tell usually as you start testing them. So just go through them, look in the browser, and make sure everything looks okay. All right! I'm going to go back into the code.

Obviously, here are our instructions, but the first thing I tasked you to do is to go in and link the external style sheets to all of these files. So in the head of the document you should have this link tag right here that says link href="styles.css," because they're in the same directory, and it has the relationship attribute of stylesheet, and so that should be consistent all the way through. Now, if I go to the styles.css-- I'm just going to go through this in order. The first one was to set the background color of the html and body to this RGB value.

Now, to do that I used the background shorthand notation; you guys may have come in and done background-color. That would have worked just fine. Again, you just want to make sure that all of your properties have the colon between the property and the value that you're setting, and then a semicolon at the end of the value. So it's really important that that syntax be the same. And there is the RGB value that we wanted to pass along. Now, the second thing that we were doing was floating our images. So again, if I go to my styles and I scroll down towards the bottom, right down here I've set the flowRight class selector to right and flowLeft to left.

Let me turn Word Wrap on so you can read that. There we go. So in the flowRight I use the float property and I set it to the right. So again, even if you've never heard of a property before, you just have to remember the property is going to left, there is a colon between them, value goes on the right, and there's a semicolon. So we have right here for float: right, we have left for float: left, and what's that doing for us actually in our site? Well, if I go to the Intro page, it is floating this image to the right and the text is wrapping around it, and it's floating this image to the left and the text is wrapping around it.

Now, if I go back into my styles, our next step was to set the table styling. So if I go up from that just a little bit, we're setting the padding of the tables to 10 pixels. There it is. And we're setting text- alignment to center and there it is. Now, you may have had to go back and watch that movie again because I didn't stress it was text-align, but there it is. And again, that value should be center. If I go back and take a look at the reference page, what this is changing is the table down here in the bottom, it's giving us a little bit of whitespace all around the edges, and then this column right here, all of those elements are now centered within that table cell, which is what the text-alignment is doing for us.

Now, if your results didn't match mine, don't get frustrated. CSS is a huge subject. I mean, we literally have dozens of courses on CSS in the lynda.com online training library. So the purpose of this chapter is simply to introduce you to CSS and how it works with HTML. Being able to write CSS is a critical skill for any web designer, so be sure to dedicate time to learning it as you seek to become more proficient at web design.

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