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Selecting a typeface

From: XHTML and HTML Essential Training

Video: Selecting a typeface

This lesson is about using the font tag to change the font of text in a document. The font tag is an inline level tag. So it's important to know that you can use it inside a paragraph. It is not proper to use it outside a paragraph and have a paragraph contained in it. It's common and it works, but it's not correct XHTML. So let's take a look at how this works. Here we have a paragraph, and there is a paragraph in the browser down there. Let's say that I want to change the font of the text of the paragraph.

Selecting a typeface

This lesson is about using the font tag to change the font of text in a document. The font tag is an inline level tag. So it's important to know that you can use it inside a paragraph. It is not proper to use it outside a paragraph and have a paragraph contained in it. It's common and it works, but it's not correct XHTML. So let's take a look at how this works. Here we have a paragraph, and there is a paragraph in the browser down there. Let's say that I want to change the font of the text of the paragraph.

So I'll use a font tag here, and I say font face = and I can say "arial", which is a sans-serif font that's available in Microsoft Windows and on other operating systems. Close the font tag here. Now you'll notice that the font tag is after the P and the close font tag is before the close P. So that makes the font tag inside of the paragraph. You will see other arrangements, which are not correct. Sometimes even you'll see the text straddling the paragraph like this, where you've got the beginning of the paragraph outside of the font and the end of the paragraph inside of the font.

That is not correct and don't do that. So here we have the font tag done correctly and I'm going to save it and we'll reload in the browser, and we'll see that we now have this lovely sans-serif Arial font. So some other interesting things that you should know about the font face argument. One is that you can say sans-serif like this and then whatever is the default sans-serif font in the user's browser is the one that will be used. And this is very, very valuable. So I save it and go ahead and reload in the browser.

You see that we still have the Arial font and that's because Arial is the default sans-serif font in the Microsoft Window's operating system. So that is the font that comes up. If the font is something different in the user's operating system, it will use that one. The value of this is that not everybody's computer has the Arial font or not everybody's computer has Helvetica or something else or maybe it's not called something or quite spelled the way that it's spelled on your computer. So if you want a sans-serif font in your document, if you use sans-serif instead of specifying Arial, it will come up sans -serif in all of the places where there is a sans-serif font available in that browser, even if it's named something different than it is in your computer.

So this is very valuable shorthand. In addition to sans-serif you can say serif and you'll always get a serif font. Save that and reload, and the default serif font is probably Times Roman on this computer here. Or you can say monospace, like this and you'll get whatever the default monospace font is, which in this case I believe is Courier New in the Microsoft Windows operating system. Another thing that's useful to note is that you can specify several fonts.

You can say verdana, helvetica, sans-serif, like that. It will go ahead and save that, and what this will do is it uses Verdana if it's available, and if it's not available, it will use Helvetica. If neither of those will available, it will use whatever sans-serif font is available. This way you can specify the one that you like and still have it default to something that is reasonable for your document. I'll go ahead and reload this and you'll see we have Verdana available on this computer. If I misspell Verdana, then we'll get the second one in the list here.

I use this technique for testing my lists, just to make sure I get what I expect. So I'll go ahead and save this and reload and now we get Helvetica. If I misspell Helvetica there and save that, we'll get the default sans-serif, which probably looks very similar. It would be the Arial font. So I believe on Microsoft Windows Helvetica is alias for Arial. So we get exactly the same thing there. So this is how the font face tag works. You use it to specify the fonts that you want to use to display your document.

You can give it a list of fonts and it's always a good idea to end the list with a default value for the type of a font that you want so that if none of the ones you've specified or available, you'll at least get a serif font or sans-serif font however it is that you want it to be in your document. Keep in mind that not everybody has their browser setup to default to a serif font. So if you really care about your document being displayed in serif font, go ahead and specify it in a font face tag.

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This video is part of

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

59 video lessons · 80389 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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