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This course introduces web designers to the nuts and bolts of HTML (HyperText Markup Language), the programming language used to create web pages. Author Bill Weinman explains what HTML is, how it's structured, and presents the major tags and features of the language. Discover how to format text and lists, add images and flow text around them, link to other pages and sites, embed audio and video, and create HTML forms. Additional tutorials cover the new elements in HTML5, the latest version of HTML, and prepare you to start working with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
The figure element just for representing figures in a document. Let's take a look at how this works. I'm going to go working copy of scissors.html. I'll call this -working, and I'm going to open it up in my text editor, and I'm going to also open it up in the browser. So here's our scissors document, and let's go ahead and add another illustration. So I'm going to come down here in the stories of scissors, and I'm going to come down to the second paragraph, and I'm going to add a figure here.
So you are usually going to want to do that with the figure. In this case we're not actually using that. But we do have this set up in CSS a little bit, and we'll look at that in a moment. For now let's go ahead and reload our page, and you see there's figure. And it's all nicely formatted with CSS. We see, there's our caption and everything, and it all looks exactly like we would like it to look. So let's go ahead and look at the CSS for this. That's in rps.css. And we are going to come down here, and there's figure.
So all of the figures in the document will have this border and the padding and the background color and all of that, and you can see we actually have a little bit of a lighter cream-colored background color to set it apart from the background of the document. And we have this border around it, and we have the .left class selector to tell it to float left. We can have them float right if we want. That wouldn't work well here because we have something else over there. Then we format the fig caption, and it's as simple as that.
Give it a font-family, font-size, center, and padding, just like we would any other text in CSS. So you can see that formatting this is really simple, just like any other CSS in your document, and the figure element is for representing figures in your document. Use this for illustrations, diagrams, photos, or any other content that's illustrative in nature and perhaps uses a caption.
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