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Marking up figures and illustrations

From: HTML Essential Training

Video: Marking up figures and illustrations

The figure element just for representing figures in a document. Let's take a look at how this works. I'm going to go working copy of scissors.html. I'll call this -working, and I'm going to open it up in my text editor, and I'm going to also open it up in the browser. So here's our scissors document, and let's go ahead and add another illustration. So I'm going to come down here in the stories of scissors, and I'm going to come down to the second paragraph, and I'm going to add a figure here.

Marking up figures and illustrations

The figure element just for representing figures in a document. Let's take a look at how this works. I'm going to go working copy of scissors.html. I'll call this -working, and I'm going to open it up in my text editor, and I'm going to also open it up in the browser. So here's our scissors document, and let's go ahead and add another illustration. So I'm going to come down here in the stories of scissors, and I'm going to come down to the second paragraph, and I'm going to add a figure here.

And this looks like this. To give it the figure tag and inside of the figure tag, I'm going to put an image, and we also want to give this a caption. So we use the fig caption element for that, and up here in our figure element, we want to give it an id attribute. I am going to call this one fig1, and a class. So the id, we could use that and if we wanted to, in CSS or in JavaScript or as the target of a fragment identifier, and that identifies this particular figure.

So you are usually going to want to do that with the figure. In this case we're not actually using that. But we do have this set up in CSS a little bit, and we'll look at that in a moment. For now let's go ahead and reload our page, and you see there's figure. And it's all nicely formatted with CSS. We see, there's our caption and everything, and it all looks exactly like we would like it to look. So let's go ahead and look at the CSS for this. That's in rps.css. And we are going to come down here, and there's figure.

So all of the figures in the document will have this border and the padding and the background color and all of that, and you can see we actually have a little bit of a lighter cream-colored background color to set it apart from the background of the document. And we have this border around it, and we have the .left class selector to tell it to float left. We can have them float right if we want. That wouldn't work well here because we have something else over there. Then we format the fig caption, and it's as simple as that.

Give it a font-family, font-size, center, and padding, just like we would any other text in CSS. So you can see that formatting this is really simple, just like any other CSS in your document, and the figure element is for representing figures in your document. Use this for illustrations, diagrams, photos, or any other content that's illustrative in nature and perhaps uses a caption.

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This video is part of

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HTML Essential Training

82 video lessons · 101837 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
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  1. 5m 24s
    1. Welcome
      56s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 37s
    3. What you need to know about this course
      2m 51s
  2. 22m 0s
    1. What is HTML?
      4m 12s
    2. Examining the structure of an HTML document
      7m 50s
    3. Understanding tags and containers
      6m 4s
    4. Exploring content models in HTML5
      2m 23s
    5. Looking at obsolete elements
      1m 31s
  3. 27m 19s
    1. Understanding whitespace and comments
      3m 53s
    2. Displaying text with paragraphs
      3m 37s
    3. Applying style
      8m 5s
    4. Using block and inline tags
      6m 34s
    5. Displaying characters with references
      5m 10s
  4. 16m 36s
    1. Exploring the front matter of HTML
      2m 9s
    2. Applying CSS to your document
      3m 59s
    3. Adding scripting elements
      4m 54s
    4. Using the meta tag
      3m 34s
    5. Optimizing your page for search engines
      2m 0s
  5. 24m 59s
    1. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      2m 46s
    2. Exploring phrase elements
      1m 44s
    3. Using font markup elements
      1m 5s
    4. Highlighting text with mark
      1m 29s
    5. Adding headings
      1m 38s
    6. Using quotations and quote marks
      3m 2s
    7. Exploring preformatted text
      1m 45s
    8. Formatting lists
      2m 28s
    9. Forcing text direction
      3m 49s
    10. Suggesting word-break opportunities
      2m 29s
    11. Annotating East Asian languages
      2m 44s
  6. 29m 15s
    1. Introducing CSS
      55s
    2. Understanding CSS placement
      6m 55s
    3. Exploring CSS syntax
      10m 34s
    4. Understanding CSS units of measure
      3m 3s
    5. Some CSS examples
      7m 48s
  7. 22m 5s
    1. Using images
      4m 13s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      4m 55s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      3m 3s
    4. Aligning images
      5m 25s
    5. Mapping links in an image
      4m 29s
  8. 22m 28s
    1. Understanding URLs
      2m 41s
    2. Working with hyperlinks
      3m 28s
    3. Using relative URLs
      4m 20s
    4. Specifying a base URL
      2m 19s
    5. Linking within a page
      4m 12s
    6. Using image links
      5m 28s
  9. 17m 2s
    1. Exploring list types
      3m 52s
    2. List elements in depth
      7m 44s
    3. Using text menus with unordered lists
      5m 26s
  10. 15m 30s
    1. Introduction to HTML semantics
      4m 9s
    2. Exploring an example
      4m 56s
    3. Marking up figures and illustrations
      2m 33s
    4. Creating collapsible details
      3m 52s
  11. 11m 18s
    1. Embedding audio
      5m 19s
    2. Embedding video
      5m 59s
  12. 11m 53s
    1. Creating ad-hoc Document Object Model (DOM) data with the data-* attribute
      4m 53s
    2. Displaying relative values with meter
      2m 57s
    3. Creating dynamic progress indicators
      4m 3s
  13. 4m 49s
    1. Overview of HTML5 microdata
      1m 8s
    2. Exploring an example with microdata
      3m 41s
  14. 7m 3s
    1. Understanding outlines
      52s
    2. A demonstration of outlining
      6m 11s
  15. 13m 1s
    1. Table basics
      7m 29s
    2. Exploring the semantic parts of a table
      2m 32s
    3. Grouping columns
      3m 0s
  16. 9m 55s
    1. Frames overview
      54s
    2. Using traditional frames
      4m 26s
    3. Exploring inline frames using iframe
      2m 7s
    4. Simulating frames with CSS
      2m 28s
  17. 53m 7s
    1. Introducing forms
      10m 24s
    2. Using text elements
      10m 12s
    3. Using checkboxes and radio buttons
      2m 37s
    4. Creating selection lists and dropdown lists
      5m 14s
    5. Submit and button elements
      8m 48s
    6. Using an image as a submit button
      2m 15s
    7. Keeping context with the hidden element
      3m 0s
    8. Setting tab order
      2m 7s
    9. Preloading an autocomplete list using the datalist feature
      5m 26s
    10. Displaying results with output
      3m 4s
  18. 19m 47s
    1. Touring a complete site
      2m 14s
    2. Touring the HTML
      8m 44s
    3. Touring the CSS
      8m 49s
  19. 29s
    1. Goodbye
      29s

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