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Up and Running with HTML
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Looking at the document body


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Up and Running with HTML

with James Williamson

Video: Looking at the document body

While the head stores functional information that is largely invisible, the body is where all of your page's visible content will go. And that's we're going to focus on creating here in this version of our structure.htm file, which you can find in the 02_04 directory, or like last time, you can just simply keep the last file open and it'll work just fine. So to add our body, it goes just below the head, so I'm going to make sure that my cursor is blinking just after the head. I'm going to hit Return or Enter to head down to the next line. And again, I'm just going to open up a body tag and then directly after that body tag, on the line below that, I'm going to do a closing body tag. So we have both our opening and our closing body tag.
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  1. 2m 12s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 17s
  2. 29m 30s
    1. Learning HTML
      2m 47s
    2. Choosing a code editor
      5m 2s
    3. Exploring basic HTML syntax
      8m 18s
    4. Do I need to learn HTML5?
      5m 6s
    5. Exploring HTML references
      8m 17s
  3. 35m 40s
    1. Exploring an HTML document
      5m 19s
    2. Working with doctype declarations
      4m 3s
    3. Examining the document head
      8m 20s
    4. Looking at the document body
      3m 21s
    5. Adding document structure
      8m 52s
    6. Lab: Coding a basic page
      3m 9s
    7. Solution: Coding a basic page
      2m 36s
  4. 1h 23m
    1. How does HTML format text?
      5m 51s
    2. Adding headings
      7m 24s
    3. Formatting paragraphs
      4m 54s
    4. Controlling line breaks
      3m 50s
    5. Creating lists
      10m 37s
    6. Emphasizing text
      6m 42s
    7. Displaying special characters
      5m 8s
    8. Controlling whitespace
      4m 35s
    9. Inserting images
      9m 20s
    10. Lab: Controlling page content
      13m 57s
    11. Solution: Controlling page content
      10m 55s
  5. 31m 54s
    1. Linking to pages within your site
      6m 45s
    2. Linking to external pages
      3m 2s
    3. Linking to downloadable resources
      2m 25s
    4. Linking to page regions
      8m 0s
    5. Lab: Creating Links
      5m 57s
    6. Solution: Creating Links
      5m 45s
  6. 40m 27s
    1. Examining basic table structure
      5m 10s
    2. Adding content to tables
      6m 20s
    3. Setting table attributes
      7m 42s
    4. Adding table captions
      4m 3s
    5. Defining table headers
      2m 13s
    6. Making table data accessible
      5m 46s
    7. Lab: Building tables
      4m 13s
    8. Solution: Building tables
      5m 0s
  7. 43m 23s
    1. Understanding the relationship between HTML and CSS
      4m 58s
    2. Creating inline styles
      4m 53s
    3. Exploring the style element
      5m 13s
    4. Basic font styling
      9m 24s
    5. Changing color
      4m 55s
    6. Taking styles further
      5m 24s
    7. Lab: Controlling basic styles
      5m 10s
    8. Solution: Controlling basic styles
      3m 26s
  8. 5m 44s
    1. Next steps
      2m 56s
    2. Additional resources
      2m 48s

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Up and Running with HTML
4h 32m Beginner Oct 19, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course is designed to quickly lead you through the steps of building an HTML website, from creating a new page to building links and tables. Author James Williamson simplifies the coding process, with straightforward steps you can recreate on your own. The course explains the basic structure of an HTML document, shows how to add text and images, and introduces font styling with CSS. James also offers a bonus design challenge at the end of each chapter, where he asks you to think of a solution before offering his own.

Topics include:
  • Choosing a code editor
  • Coding a basic page
  • Adding headings
  • Formatting paragraphs
  • Creating lists
  • Inserting images
  • Linking to internal and external pages
  • Linking to downloadable content
  • Building tables with headers and captions
  • Creating inline CSS styles
  • Changing the color and font of your text
Subjects:
Web Web Design Web Development
Software:
HTML
Author:
James Williamson

Looking at the document body

While the head stores functional information that is largely invisible, the body is where all of your page's visible content will go. And that's we're going to focus on creating here in this version of our structure.htm file, which you can find in the 02_04 directory, or like last time, you can just simply keep the last file open and it'll work just fine. So to add our body, it goes just below the head, so I'm going to make sure that my cursor is blinking just after the head. I'm going to hit Return or Enter to head down to the next line. And again, I'm just going to open up a body tag and then directly after that body tag, on the line below that, I'm going to do a closing body tag. So we have both our opening and our closing body tag.

Now, this is actually going to have probably more information in it than the head nine times out of ten, when you're actually authoring your own pages or editing somebody else's pages. But for this exercise, we're just going to do a couple of things within the body to sort of explore what goes into it. We're going to focus much more on formatting visual content of the page that goes within the body later on in the course. So right now we're just sort of introducing this. So inside the body, I'm just going to go ahead and create a new line and I'm going to type in "This is content within the body." Here we go.

Save this and then I'm going to preview this in one of my browsers. Okay, so we've opened up the page within the browser, and you can see, right at the top of the page I have just a single line of text that says, "This is content within the body." Now, you may say to yourself, but wait a minute. We didn't format that content at all. You know, HTML is supposed to be a markup language, and it's supposed to identify the content on the page with a specific element, and you did not do that. You're right, I did not. And so what the browsers typically will do is so they find a line of text that just isn't being identified. They kind of display it as a paragraph.

You could really think of the paragraph as sort of the default element on the page. We're going to be doing a little structuring within our body. So what I want do is basically we are going to set up the next exercise here. Let's change this top line. I'm going to type in, "This is the page header. Branding navigation and other identifying information is usually found here." And that's all going to be on one line. And I'm going to go ahead and turn Word Wrap on.

Why it doesn't stay on for each document I don't know, but that's just Komodo for you. And then I'm going to hit Enter to go down to the next line and there I'm going to type in, "This is the page's main content." Below that we'll do another line. I'm going to type in "This is content related to the main content or site, but that doesn't belong with the main page content." All right, and then on the last line, below that I'm going to type in "This is the page footer." Now, why am I doing all this? Well, because typically within the body you're going to find more complex structures than just a couple of paragraphs and a header.

You're going to find pages that are organized into sections or regions. They could be headers, footers, sidebars, main content, multiple-column layouts. You're really going to run across a lot of different organizational structures based on the content of the page. And as you author HTML, you're going to be responsible for determining what those structures are, so that's one of the biggest challenges behind it. So while we have everything here in place for our basic HTML page structure, we need to focus a little bit more on the internal structure of the actual content, and we're going to do that in our next movie.

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