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Laying out a main menu

From: XHTML and HTML Essential Training

Video: Laying out a main menu

In this lesson we are going to create this main menu here at the top of the page. These are the menu links for navigating the site. You will notice that when I click on one, it changes and it becomes this other image that's grayed out, and the mouse changes, and it's no longer has the pointer that will indicate that it's a link, and so for each of these we have two images. We have the tall gray one and the short ocean colored one with the white lettering on it and so that's what we'll be creating in this lesson.

Laying out a main menu

In this lesson we are going to create this main menu here at the top of the page. These are the menu links for navigating the site. You will notice that when I click on one, it changes and it becomes this other image that's grayed out, and the mouse changes, and it's no longer has the pointer that will indicate that it's a link, and so for each of these we have two images. We have the tall gray one and the short ocean colored one with the white lettering on it and so that's what we'll be creating in this lesson.

So here's our beginning XHTML file and our beginning CSS and we are going to go ahead and as we have been in all these lessons, we are going to save this as with a different name, so that we don't overwrite files in the exercise files. Save this one as heading.html and this one here, save it as main.css, because that's how it's referenced in the XHTML file. And now we'll go ahead here in the XHTML and we'll create the main menu table row.

And again, we'll have a div inside of that so that we can position it easily, and we'll go ahead and type in the menu images. The images that end in -current, that's the tall gray ones. Again, I'll end my image tag on the next line. Embed it up against the following one. The following one has an anchor tag around it because it's actually a link. This first one because it's the current page does not have a link. I'll end the anchor tag on the next line at the beginning of the image tag and I'm going to do some copy and paste here, so that we can do this more quickly.

So what I'm doing here is I'm selecting the image, and this is the way I work in my projects. I'm a big fan of efficiency or one could say I'm big fan of lazy, and so I'll do copy and paste, rather than typing everything out every time, and so I'm pressing Ctrl+C on the keyboard because I'm on a PC. If you are on a Mac, you would use Command+C for copy. So I'll go ahead and Ctrl+V to paste, and so I have copied and pasted that image and I just have to change the name of the image here, which is now gear.png.

It doesn't have the -current because it's not the current page. It has a link on it and the width will be different, it will be 73, and the height is 25 for the ones that aren't current. The height is 30 for the ones that are, and there we have that, and I'll close the anchor tag at the end of that and begin the next one and I'll change the Alt tag as well, to say gear. Now I'm going to copy and paste just all of this and so my text editor is trying to help me by selecting more than I want it to, so I had to do it again there, and so I'll just copy and paste, and paste, because there's three of those and so let's see here the next one is lifestyle and its width is 100, height is the same, and the alt is lifestyle, and link for that is also lifestyle, and then the following one is for videos.

I am going to make sure you get all the occurrences. That's the down side of the copy and paste. It's easier for getting parts of it and end up with something that's say gear on the videos page, and there we have it. So that is our link and if we look at this in the browser and there is heading.html and we'll go over here and you will see that it looks like that and of course, that will get better as we style it.

So let's go ahead and style it now. Move down here to the bottom of our Style Sheet. I'm going to enter a section called main menu and we used an id tag called main menu so td#mainMenu. And again, the height is 55 pixels and this one, we are going to change the vertical align to bottom. This is the only place where we use that in the entire document and that's why we have our default is for top.

For this one we are going to have it be bottom and this will select our div. Height is 30 pixels, which is the tallest of our images. Margin left of 300 pixels and padding of zero and then finally the images themselves. Now this will select all of the images in the main menu context, which there are four, and this will give them a zero top and bottom margin, while giving them five pixels to the right and the left, and that's what spaces them apart and you will see there's ten pixels in between them because there's five pixels of each side, and border none.

That will get rid of this border around the ones that are anchors. I'll go ahead and save that and then load it up in the browser, and there we have it. That's our menu. So how this works, it's really very simple. We have images with links around them, which we know all about from the lessons on images and links, and we have styled it using the CSS to give it the spacing that we wanted to have, take off the border, and to line it up with the table cell, and so that gives us this lovely menu.

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This video is part of

Image for XHTML and HTML Essential Training
XHTML and HTML Essential Training

59 video lessons · 80386 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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