Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Introducing tables

From: XHTML and HTML Essential Training

Video: Introducing tables

Tables in XHTML and HTML are useful for showing tabular data for associating data and for aligning visual elements on a page. And so we're going to look at some examples of some tables here and look at how tables work. In this first lesson in this chapter, we've this example table and you'll see that it starts there on the page, the table tag, and way down here in the lower part of the page, you'll see that it has the closed table tag. So the table tag is a container and it's a block-level element and it creates a table.

Introducing tables

Tables in XHTML and HTML are useful for showing tabular data for associating data and for aligning visual elements on a page. And so we're going to look at some examples of some tables here and look at how tables work. In this first lesson in this chapter, we've this example table and you'll see that it starts there on the page, the table tag, and way down here in the lower part of the page, you'll see that it has the closed table tag. So the table tag is a container and it's a block-level element and it creates a table.

And so within the table you've different pieces of information. Here is the caption that says My Favorite Albums and so that associates with this here on the screen, and so your caption is useful for labeling the table as a whole. And then we've a table row and you see it says Artist, Title and Comment. So that's this row here. So tr is for table row and it's a container and it only exists within a table. It's not legal outside of the table. And th is a table heading element and that's for these cells within the table, right here.

Now a table is organized into rows and columns, so you see the rows going across and the columns going vertical and each of the individual places within each of these little cubbyholes within the table is called a table cell. And so a table cell is one item within a table. And so here we have a table cell and here we have a table cell and here we have a table cell and these were heading cells as they have the th tag and these are data cells here as they have the td tags. So th and td are container elements. You see the begin tag and the end tag.

And they are also block-level elements; they are only legal within a table row and they can have text content inside of them. So you can put text inside a td, you can put text inside a th, you cannot put text inside of tr and you cannot put text inside a table tag. Table tags can only have captions and rows and a table row can only have headers and td data elements. Notice here also on the tr that I've the valign=top attribute.

And what that does if I drag the browser here so that this text wraps. You see how the text wraps but the data remains at the top of the cell. And I like it this way. It helps me to see where the cells are, especially if I don't have the borders and we'll talk about borders in a moment. But if I take this out, you'll see that the default is for a middle alignment. So I can save that and reload here. You see that these cells, they are aligned to the middle and not to the top. I like them better at the top. It's you know personal kind of a choice.

The other options are middle, which is the default. I'll save that and reload and you see that Middle is what it does there, or you can say Bottom. And save that and reload. You can see that these are aligned to the bottom when they have room to align. And so I tend to make it top because I like the way that looks. I think that makes more sense to me. If it were up to me, and it's not, that would be the default. Go ahead and reload this page so that it's aligned at the top and there we go.

Now I've turned on the border in this so that you could see the table rows and columns and so this all makes a little bit more sense. Normally, the default's to off. So if I delete that then save it and reload, you'll see that there is no border by default. You can also say border="0". Put that in quotes because it's XHTML and save and reload and so you can see that's with border="0". You can also put in a different number and you get a bigger border.

So if I say border=3 and reload, you'll see we get big fat borders and with the drop shadows on them. You can see it will more evident if I say something like border=7. That should be pretty obvious. Go ahead and reload. So that's seeing the number of pixels and the size of the border and that's what it looks like there on the page. So border=1 is nice for being able to see the table organization there and so that's why I've done that. Normally, I would leave border=0.

Of course, this table is not very attractive the way that it is and if you want to make it attractive, you can use CSS to format it and in the next lesson, we'll talk about that. But this is the basics of how a table works and how you can use a table to present tabular information.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for XHTML and HTML Essential Training
XHTML and HTML Essential Training

59 video lessons · 80658 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed XHTML and HTML Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.