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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
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Formatting text with phrase element tags


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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Formatting text with phrase element tags

In this lesson we are going to talk about Phrase markup elements, which mark up your text with the intention of a phrase, like for example, here we have an emphasized phrase, which just means it should be emphasized with the em or this one means it should be read strongly. This makes it possible for non-visual browsers to know what to do with your text. To read it stronger or to read it with emphasis, as opposed to the font markup elements, which tells the browser, this one is italic and this one is bold, but it doesn't really tell a non- visual browser what to do with it.
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
4h 44m Beginner Jul 28, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In XHTML and HTML Essential Training, Bill Weinman helps designers and coders understand XHTML and HTML. In the process, Bill covers document structure, block and inline-level tags, floating images, controlling white space, phrase and font markup, and tables and frames. He even provides a good introduction to CSS. Bill offers step-by-step guidance for building a complete working web site. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the structure of an HTML or XHTML document
  • Creating and using templates
  • Controlling white space and line breaks
  • Making effective use of tables and frames
  • Flowing text around an image
  • Formatting tables with CSS
  • Creating web pages that work properly across platforms and devices
  • Reviewing a case study of a complete web site
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Foundations Programming Languages Web Development
Software:
HTML XHTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Formatting text with phrase element tags

In this lesson we are going to talk about Phrase markup elements, which mark up your text with the intention of a phrase, like for example, here we have an emphasized phrase, which just means it should be emphasized with the em or this one means it should be read strongly. This makes it possible for non-visual browsers to know what to do with your text. To read it stronger or to read it with emphasis, as opposed to the font markup elements, which tells the browser, this one is italic and this one is bold, but it doesn't really tell a non- visual browser what to do with it.

So it's important to understand the distinction, the Phrase markup elements are covered in this lesson and the Font markup elements are covered in our next lesson. The first Phrase markup element we are going to talk about is the Emphasize element and all of these Phrase markup elements, as well as, their Font markup counterparts are inline-level elements, which means that they go inline with the text rather than in blocks as the block-elements. So, this is an inline-element and it means to emphasize em and you will notice that in the browser it's rendered with italics.

You can't count on that though. Different browsers may render it differently. If you really care, if it's italics or not, you are encouraged to use the Font markup elements instead. The Strong element means to read it strongly and in this case it is rendered in bold in the browser. The Q element is for quotes and you will notice in the browser it is rendered with special curly quotes. An important note about the Q element. It is not supported by all browsers. So, be sure that you check it in the browsers that matter to you, before committing it to the Internet.

The Code element renders in monospace text and the next few elements are interesting. The Abbreviation element allows you to use an abbreviation, and hover your mouse for the meaning of abbreviation. So, here we have an m and you will notice that in Firefox it puts this little dotted line under it to say you hover your mouse over here, and you hover your mouse and you get the definition of the abbreviation. These work differently in different browsers. So, be sure to test them in different browsers that matter to you.

Likewise, the Acronym element, we have LOM here. And we'll notice that in the title attribute we have lots of meaning, which is the definition of the acronym. So, down here you hover your mouse over it and LOM stands for Lots of Meaning. The next element is DFN, which stands for defining instance. So, you would use this the first time you use a term that you want to define in a document. In this case, the Firefox browser renders it as italic and if you hover your mouse over it again, you get the title tag.

So, meaning and purpose there. DFN with the title tag and it's meaning and purpose. Again, this is for using a term the first time in a document and being able to define it. The Keyboard element, kbd renders as monospace in Firefox. The Sample element likewise. samp also renders as monospace and then finally the Var element, var, which stands for variables, this is where you would use a variable in code or something like that and that renders as italics.

So, these are the Phrase markup elements and how they are rendered in the Firefox browser. Of course, different browsers will render them in different way. So, be sure to test them in the browsers that matter to you before committing your page to the Internet.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about XHTML and HTML Essential Training.


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Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques within
the next few months. In the meantime, please see Bill's <a href="
http://www.lynda.com/home/DisplayCourse.aspx?lpk2=52341">CSS for
Developers</a> title for more information on coding with CSS.
Q: In the "Understanding the structure of an XHTML document" movie in Chapter 1, where does the "Roses are red," etc, text come from? I don't see it in the code.
A: Notice the <frame src="??"> tags. These reference other .html files that contain the content of the various frames. Details about how frames work can be found in Chapter 6 of the course.
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques later in 2012. In the meantime, please see Bill's CSS for Developers title for more information on coding with CSS.
 
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