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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
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Formatting text with font markup elements


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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Formatting text with font markup elements

In this lesson we are going to talk about Font markup elements. These are distinct from which Phrase markup elements. The Font markup elements define the visual style that the elements are going to be rendered on a visual browser on the screen. The Phrase markup elements are for giving meaning to the text, like emphasized or strong or something like that. The Font markup elements are actually depreciated in XHTML 1.0 and HTML 4.01. The HTML police, as I affectionately call them, would prefer that we not use Font markup elements.
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
4h 44m Beginner Jul 28, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In XHTML and HTML Essential Training, Bill Weinman helps designers and coders understand XHTML and HTML. In the process, Bill covers document structure, block and inline-level tags, floating images, controlling white space, phrase and font markup, and tables and frames. He even provides a good introduction to CSS. Bill offers step-by-step guidance for building a complete working web site. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the structure of an HTML or XHTML document
  • Creating and using templates
  • Controlling white space and line breaks
  • Making effective use of tables and frames
  • Flowing text around an image
  • Formatting tables with CSS
  • Creating web pages that work properly across platforms and devices
  • Reviewing a case study of a complete web site
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Foundations Programming Languages Web Development
Software:
HTML XHTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Formatting text with font markup elements

In this lesson we are going to talk about Font markup elements. These are distinct from which Phrase markup elements. The Font markup elements define the visual style that the elements are going to be rendered on a visual browser on the screen. The Phrase markup elements are for giving meaning to the text, like emphasized or strong or something like that. The Font markup elements are actually depreciated in XHTML 1.0 and HTML 4.01. The HTML police, as I affectionately call them, would prefer that we not use Font markup elements.

In reality, if you care about how your text is going to be rendered on the screen, you want to use the Font level markups and not the Phrase level markups. The Phrase level markups do not guarantee how the phrase is going to be rendered on the screen. If you care that it's italics, if you care that it's bold, then you use the tags that mean that. They are not going away, as long as people are using them, they are not going to take them out of HTML and XHTML. So they are perfectly safe to use. Browsers for visually impaired and other non-visual browsers will not necessarily know what to do with these.

If you care about those browsers, then you want to use the Phrase level markups in addition to these or instead of these. Let's take a look at each of these tags. These are also inline-level just like the Phrase markup tags and so they go inline with the text and their containers and they contain the text that you are modifying. So, in this case, we have the B tag which stands for bold and you will see that it's rendered bold in the browser down there. Here is the Big tag, which means what it's says, big, and you will see that the text is bigger in the browser down there.

Here is the I tag for italics and you will see that it's italic in the browser down there. So, these do exactly what it is that they say. S is for strike out. It's actually a shortcut for Strike. Strike and S are same thing. And you will see in the browser here there is the S tag and there is the Strike tag. They do exactly the same thing. They have the same meaning. In between we have the Small tag which makes the text smaller. There is the Strike tag. TT stands for teletype.

It's like the pretag. It preformats the text. It renders it in all monospace font. The pretag, pre, we'll cover that later. That's a block-level tag and so you cannot use that in inline in text. This is an inline-level tag. So, use this when you want your text to be monospaced inside of a paragraph. Finally, the U tag for underline. It underlines the text, just like there. So, these are the Font-level tags and like I said, these are depreciated which means that the HTML police don't like them, but they are there and they are there for good.

They're not going away. The next versions of HTML are already being designed and have them intact. So you don't have to worry about them going away. The browsers will continue to support them, as long as people use them and these have a purpose. They markup the text, how you want it to be rendered on the screen. If you care about how your text is rendered on the screen, if you want something specifically to be in italic and something else specifically to be bold, then you use these tags. If you care about the meaning and how they are rendered on a non-visual browser, then you use the Phrase markup tags and you can use them together, if you need to.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about XHTML and HTML Essential Training.


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Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques within
the next few months. In the meantime, please see Bill's <a href="
http://www.lynda.com/home/DisplayCourse.aspx?lpk2=52341">CSS for
Developers</a> title for more information on coding with CSS.
Q: In the "Understanding the structure of an XHTML document" movie in Chapter 1, where does the "Roses are red," etc, text come from? I don't see it in the code.
A: Notice the <frame src="??"> tags. These reference other .html files that contain the content of the various frames. Details about how frames work can be found in Chapter 6 of the course.
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques later in 2012. In the meantime, please see Bill's CSS for Developers title for more information on coding with CSS.
 
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