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Formatting quotations and quote marks

From: XHTML and HTML Essential Training

Video: Formatting quotations and quote marks

In this lesson, we are going to talk about quotations and quote marks. There are two elements in play here. One is the Blockquote element, which is a block-level element that quotes an entire block of text, and the other is the Q element that puts quote marks around a bit of text inline. First, the Blockquote element, which you can see demonstrated here. In the browser, you'll see it's just indented text and if I go ahead and shrink down the browser so that it wraps, you'll see that it's indented on both sides but it's not centered or anything.

Formatting quotations and quote marks

In this lesson, we are going to talk about quotations and quote marks. There are two elements in play here. One is the Blockquote element, which is a block-level element that quotes an entire block of text, and the other is the Q element that puts quote marks around a bit of text inline. First, the Blockquote element, which you can see demonstrated here. In the browser, you'll see it's just indented text and if I go ahead and shrink down the browser so that it wraps, you'll see that it's indented on both sides but it's not centered or anything.

That's actually how the Blockquote element is often used. It's often used just to indent text. It's not used necessarily to mean this is a block of quoted text. So, be aware of that and when you are using the Blockquote element, be sure to use it to mean what it's supposed to mean and if you need to just indent text, you can use Style Sheets for that with a regular paragraph. The new Q element and I say new, it's been around now for almost ten years but it's not actually supported by a lot of browsers. So, it's not used very much. Be sure to check with the browsers that matter to you before you try to use it.

It puts quote marks around a piece of text inline. So, here we have a word with quote marks around it, here, and I'll just take those quote marks and I'll change it for the Q element and close the q here. So, that's the Q element. It's an inline element as you see and it's being used to quote that word. So, I'll go ahead and save that and reload in the browser. So, the nice thing is there are nice curly quotes in English. There are a couple of things about the Q tag that you need to be aware of. One is it's supposed to be internationalized and so, if I were to sit here and put language=French then you should get French quotes, which are one above and one below and I save that and reload it, and you see it doesn't change anything.

So that's not fully supported in Firefox. In actuality, the tag isn't supported at all in some browsers, notably Internet Explorer. So, if you use it, you may just not get any quotes at all. So, be sure to test it in the browsers that are important to you before you use it. They'd be handy tag, if they were actually supported well, but unfortunately it's not. So, those are the quoting elements. They don't actually get used for what they mean and they don't always work for what they are supposed to work for. So, be aware of that when you try to use them.

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

59 video lessons · 80376 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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