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Formatting lists

From: HTML Essential Training

Video: Formatting lists

HTML provides several tags for displaying lists. Let's go ahead and make a working copy of lists.html, and I'll name this copy lists-working.html, open that in my text editor, and you can see we have some lists down here, various types. I will go ahead and display this in the browser as well. So up at the top here, we have an ordered list, see it's displayed as 1, 2, 3, One, Two, Three, and that's created with the ol tag which is of course a block level container, and each of the items with the li tag which are actually in-line level containers and that creates this ordered list. The unordered list is created exactly the same way except with ul as the outer container and li as the inner container, and it just comes up with these bullets. And in fact, if I were to nest another one inside of it, and I'll just go ahead and indent this so we can see that it's nested, and save that, and come over to browser and reload it, you see we get a different type of bullet. And if I go ahead and paste yet another one inside of those, you will see we get a different type of bullet again, and likewise if I nest the ordered list, in this case I just get numbers again. But if I wanted to do this differently, if I wanted to have say Roman numerals or something like that, it's actually possible in CSS to change the way that these behave. So we'll talk more about lists later on, and we'll see some more examples of how we can format these. Let's just talk about this one final type of list down here at the bottom, and this is the definition list. You see its--dl is the outer container and we have inner containers of dt and dd, so that's the term and the definition. And so we have one is the first non- zero number, two is the number after one, three to get ready, four, now go, cat, go! And these are formatted like this. Now I tend to indent these dds under the dts and you'll see some people will format it more like this. Of course, the indenting is entirely ignored by HTML. It's just going to display the same either way. So HTML list elements can be very flexible especially when combined with CSS, and we will revisit this subject later in this course.

Formatting lists

HTML provides several tags for displaying lists. Let's go ahead and make a working copy of lists.html, and I'll name this copy lists-working.html, open that in my text editor, and you can see we have some lists down here, various types. I will go ahead and display this in the browser as well. So up at the top here, we have an ordered list, see it's displayed as 1, 2, 3, One, Two, Three, and that's created with the ol tag which is of course a block level container, and each of the items with the li tag which are actually in-line level containers and that creates this ordered list. The unordered list is created exactly the same way except with ul as the outer container and li as the inner container, and it just comes up with these bullets. And in fact, if I were to nest another one inside of it, and I'll just go ahead and indent this so we can see that it's nested, and save that, and come over to browser and reload it, you see we get a different type of bullet. And if I go ahead and paste yet another one inside of those, you will see we get a different type of bullet again, and likewise if I nest the ordered list, in this case I just get numbers again. But if I wanted to do this differently, if I wanted to have say Roman numerals or something like that, it's actually possible in CSS to change the way that these behave. So we'll talk more about lists later on, and we'll see some more examples of how we can format these. Let's just talk about this one final type of list down here at the bottom, and this is the definition list. You see its--dl is the outer container and we have inner containers of dt and dd, so that's the term and the definition. And so we have one is the first non- zero number, two is the number after one, three to get ready, four, now go, cat, go! And these are formatted like this. Now I tend to indent these dds under the dts and you'll see some people will format it more like this. Of course, the indenting is entirely ignored by HTML. It's just going to display the same either way. So HTML list elements can be very flexible especially when combined with CSS, and we will revisit this subject later in this course.

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This video is part of

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HTML Essential Training

82 video lessons · 98934 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
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  1. 5m 24s
    1. Welcome
      56s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 37s
    3. What you need to know about this course
      2m 51s
  2. 22m 0s
    1. What is HTML?
      4m 12s
    2. Examining the structure of an HTML document
      7m 50s
    3. Understanding tags and containers
      6m 4s
    4. Exploring content models in HTML5
      2m 23s
    5. Looking at obsolete elements
      1m 31s
  3. 27m 19s
    1. Understanding whitespace and comments
      3m 53s
    2. Displaying text with paragraphs
      3m 37s
    3. Applying style
      8m 5s
    4. Using block and inline tags
      6m 34s
    5. Displaying characters with references
      5m 10s
  4. 16m 36s
    1. Exploring the front matter of HTML
      2m 9s
    2. Applying CSS to your document
      3m 59s
    3. Adding scripting elements
      4m 54s
    4. Using the meta tag
      3m 34s
    5. Optimizing your page for search engines
      2m 0s
  5. 24m 59s
    1. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      2m 46s
    2. Exploring phrase elements
      1m 44s
    3. Using font markup elements
      1m 5s
    4. Highlighting text with mark
      1m 29s
    5. Adding headings
      1m 38s
    6. Using quotations and quote marks
      3m 2s
    7. Exploring preformatted text
      1m 45s
    8. Formatting lists
      2m 28s
    9. Forcing text direction
      3m 49s
    10. Suggesting word-break opportunities
      2m 29s
    11. Annotating East Asian languages
      2m 44s
  6. 29m 15s
    1. Introducing CSS
      55s
    2. Understanding CSS placement
      6m 55s
    3. Exploring CSS syntax
      10m 34s
    4. Understanding CSS units of measure
      3m 3s
    5. Some CSS examples
      7m 48s
  7. 22m 5s
    1. Using images
      4m 13s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      4m 55s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      3m 3s
    4. Aligning images
      5m 25s
    5. Mapping links in an image
      4m 29s
  8. 22m 28s
    1. Understanding URLs
      2m 41s
    2. Working with hyperlinks
      3m 28s
    3. Using relative URLs
      4m 20s
    4. Specifying a base URL
      2m 19s
    5. Linking within a page
      4m 12s
    6. Using image links
      5m 28s
  9. 17m 2s
    1. Exploring list types
      3m 52s
    2. List elements in depth
      7m 44s
    3. Using text menus with unordered lists
      5m 26s
  10. 15m 30s
    1. Introduction to HTML semantics
      4m 9s
    2. Exploring an example
      4m 56s
    3. Marking up figures and illustrations
      2m 33s
    4. Creating collapsible details
      3m 52s
  11. 11m 18s
    1. Embedding audio
      5m 19s
    2. Embedding video
      5m 59s
  12. 11m 53s
    1. Creating ad-hoc Document Object Model (DOM) data with the data-* attribute
      4m 53s
    2. Displaying relative values with meter
      2m 57s
    3. Creating dynamic progress indicators
      4m 3s
  13. 4m 49s
    1. Overview of HTML5 microdata
      1m 8s
    2. Exploring an example with microdata
      3m 41s
  14. 7m 3s
    1. Understanding outlines
      52s
    2. A demonstration of outlining
      6m 11s
  15. 13m 1s
    1. Table basics
      7m 29s
    2. Exploring the semantic parts of a table
      2m 32s
    3. Grouping columns
      3m 0s
  16. 9m 55s
    1. Frames overview
      54s
    2. Using traditional frames
      4m 26s
    3. Exploring inline frames using iframe
      2m 7s
    4. Simulating frames with CSS
      2m 28s
  17. 53m 7s
    1. Introducing forms
      10m 24s
    2. Using text elements
      10m 12s
    3. Using checkboxes and radio buttons
      2m 37s
    4. Creating selection lists and dropdown lists
      5m 14s
    5. Submit and button elements
      8m 48s
    6. Using an image as a submit button
      2m 15s
    7. Keeping context with the hidden element
      3m 0s
    8. Setting tab order
      2m 7s
    9. Preloading an autocomplete list using the datalist feature
      5m 26s
    10. Displaying results with output
      3m 4s
  18. 19m 47s
    1. Touring a complete site
      2m 14s
    2. Touring the HTML
      8m 44s
    3. Touring the CSS
      8m 49s
  19. 29s
    1. Goodbye
      29s

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