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HTML Essential Training
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Exploring list types


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HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Exploring list types

HTML provides support for three basic types of lists. Let's take look at them. Start by making a working copy of lists.html, and I'll rename this to lists-working.html. And I'm going to open it in my text editor, and here we have a simple HTML file with the three different types of HTML lists. Let's also go ahead and open this in the browser, and here we have these lists in the browser. So the first type of list here is the ordered list. And you see it's contained in the ol element, and each of the items in the list are li elements. And that's the same with the unordered list, use the li elements in both the ordered lists and the unordered lists.
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  1. 5m 24s
    1. Welcome
      56s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 37s
    3. What you need to know about this course
      2m 51s
  2. 22m 0s
    1. What is HTML?
      4m 12s
    2. Examining the structure of an HTML document
      7m 50s
    3. Understanding tags and containers
      6m 4s
    4. Exploring content models in HTML5
      2m 23s
    5. Looking at obsolete elements
      1m 31s
  3. 27m 19s
    1. Understanding whitespace and comments
      3m 53s
    2. Displaying text with paragraphs
      3m 37s
    3. Applying style
      8m 5s
    4. Using block and inline tags
      6m 34s
    5. Displaying characters with references
      5m 10s
  4. 16m 36s
    1. Exploring the front matter of HTML
      2m 9s
    2. Applying CSS to your document
      3m 59s
    3. Adding scripting elements
      4m 54s
    4. Using the meta tag
      3m 34s
    5. Optimizing your page for search engines
      2m 0s
  5. 24m 59s
    1. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      2m 46s
    2. Exploring phrase elements
      1m 44s
    3. Using font markup elements
      1m 5s
    4. Highlighting text with mark
      1m 29s
    5. Adding headings
      1m 38s
    6. Using quotations and quote marks
      3m 2s
    7. Exploring preformatted text
      1m 45s
    8. Formatting lists
      2m 28s
    9. Forcing text direction
      3m 49s
    10. Suggesting word-break opportunities
      2m 29s
    11. Annotating East Asian languages
      2m 44s
  6. 29m 15s
    1. Introducing CSS
      55s
    2. Understanding CSS placement
      6m 55s
    3. Exploring CSS syntax
      10m 34s
    4. Understanding CSS units of measure
      3m 3s
    5. Some CSS examples
      7m 48s
  7. 22m 5s
    1. Using images
      4m 13s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      4m 55s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      3m 3s
    4. Aligning images
      5m 25s
    5. Mapping links in an image
      4m 29s
  8. 22m 28s
    1. Understanding URLs
      2m 41s
    2. Working with hyperlinks
      3m 28s
    3. Using relative URLs
      4m 20s
    4. Specifying a base URL
      2m 19s
    5. Linking within a page
      4m 12s
    6. Using image links
      5m 28s
  9. 17m 2s
    1. Exploring list types
      3m 52s
    2. List elements in depth
      7m 44s
    3. Using text menus with unordered lists
      5m 26s
  10. 15m 30s
    1. Introduction to HTML semantics
      4m 9s
    2. Exploring an example
      4m 56s
    3. Marking up figures and illustrations
      2m 33s
    4. Creating collapsible details
      3m 52s
  11. 11m 18s
    1. Embedding audio
      5m 19s
    2. Embedding video
      5m 59s
  12. 11m 53s
    1. Creating ad-hoc Document Object Model (DOM) data with the data-* attribute
      4m 53s
    2. Displaying relative values with meter
      2m 57s
    3. Creating dynamic progress indicators
      4m 3s
  13. 4m 49s
    1. Overview of HTML5 microdata
      1m 8s
    2. Exploring an example with microdata
      3m 41s
  14. 7m 3s
    1. Understanding outlines
      52s
    2. A demonstration of outlining
      6m 11s
  15. 13m 1s
    1. Table basics
      7m 29s
    2. Exploring the semantic parts of a table
      2m 32s
    3. Grouping columns
      3m 0s
  16. 9m 55s
    1. Frames overview
      54s
    2. Using traditional frames
      4m 26s
    3. Exploring inline frames using iframe
      2m 7s
    4. Simulating frames with CSS
      2m 28s
  17. 53m 7s
    1. Introducing forms
      10m 24s
    2. Using text elements
      10m 12s
    3. Using checkboxes and radio buttons
      2m 37s
    4. Creating selection lists and dropdown lists
      5m 14s
    5. Submit and button elements
      8m 48s
    6. Using an image as a submit button
      2m 15s
    7. Keeping context with the hidden element
      3m 0s
    8. Setting tab order
      2m 7s
    9. Preloading an autocomplete list using the datalist feature
      5m 26s
    10. Displaying results with output
      3m 4s
  18. 19m 47s
    1. Touring a complete site
      2m 14s
    2. Touring the HTML
      8m 44s
    3. Touring the CSS
      8m 49s
  19. 29s
    1. Goodbye
      29s

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HTML Essential Training
5h 34m Beginner Sep 11, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course introduces web designers to the nuts and bolts of HTML (HyperText Markup Language), the programming language used to create web pages. Author Bill Weinman explains what HTML is, how it's structured, and presents the major tags and features of the language. Discover how to format text and lists, add images and flow text around them, link to other pages and sites, embed audio and video, and create HTML forms. Additional tutorials cover the new elements in HTML5, the latest version of HTML, and prepare you to start working with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).

Topics include:
  • What is HTML?
  • Using HTML tags and containers
  • Understanding block vs. inline tags
  • Controlling line breaks and spaces in text
  • Aligning images
  • Linking within a page
  • Using relative links
  • Working with tables
  • Creating progress indicators with HTML5
  • Adding buttons and check boxes to forms
  • Applying CSS
  • Optimizing your pages for search engines
  • Building document outlines
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Foundations Web Development
Software:
HTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Exploring list types

HTML provides support for three basic types of lists. Let's take look at them. Start by making a working copy of lists.html, and I'll rename this to lists-working.html. And I'm going to open it in my text editor, and here we have a simple HTML file with the three different types of HTML lists. Let's also go ahead and open this in the browser, and here we have these lists in the browser. So the first type of list here is the ordered list. And you see it's contained in the ol element, and each of the items in the list are li elements. And that's the same with the unordered list, use the li elements in both the ordered lists and the unordered lists.

So your ordered list is ol and the unordered list is ul. Now if we look at this in the browser-- and I can make these side by side here-- you see that in the browser, the ordered list has 1, 2, 3 and the unordered list has these bullets. And then down here we have what's called a definitions list or a descriptions list. In previous versions of HTML, this was called a definition list, and in HTML5 it's called a description list. It's effectively a list of sets of names and values.

So in this case we have dt, which we can think of is the term, and it's One; and dd, which we can think of as the description or the definition, and it says, The first non-zero number; and so we have one, two, three, four and we have these descriptions of one, two, three, four. In the ordered list, we can specify the type of ordering, and there is a few options here. We can say type=1 and we get the same kind of list that we've been looking at here.

If I reload it, it just says 1, 2, 3. Now if I change this, I say a, with a lowercase a, we reload it, we'll see now it says a, b, c. And I can use a capital A if I like and reload that and we have now capital A, B, C, or I can create roman numerals. If I say lowercase i, we get lowercase roman numerals and if I put it in an uppercase I, we get uppercase roman numerals. In the unordered list, the type attribute is considered obsolete in HTML5.

In previous versions of HTML, it would work just like this. And of course, this still works in our browser. We can say disc and that is exactly the same as what we have here. We can say type=square and we get a square for the bullets. And if we say type=circle, we get a circle for the bullets. But in HTML5 this is actually obsoleted, and we are supposed to use CSS for this. Instead, I can say style=. And I can say list-style-type, and I can say disc, and we get the disc, which is the default; or I can say square, and we get the square; or I can say circle, and we get the circle.

In fact, I can use this as an ordered list, and I can say type=decimal, and when I reload this, we now have 1, 2, 3, like an ordered list. Or I can say lower-alpha and et cetera, or there are even other options. I can say katakana and I get Japanese katakana, or I can say Armenian, and I get Armenian. So there are many options here. And in fact, you can use this in the ordered list as well, so there's really no longer any need to use the type attribute, even in the ordered lists.

HTML provides support for these three basic types of lists, and we'll cover more about this feature in the rest of this chapter.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about HTML Essential Training.


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Q: The horizontal nab bar built in Chapter 8 doesn't work correctly in Internet Explorer 8. Do you have a solution?
A: Internet Explorer 8 does not support HTML5 and the NAV element.

The nab bar can work in IE 8 if you change the nav element to div, and update the CSS accordingly. You will also need to move the "display: inline" from the "ul.menu li a" rule to the "ul.menu li" rule.
 
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