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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
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Creating a layout template: footer content


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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Creating a layout template: footer content

Continuing with building the template for our website, we're going to now enter this stuff at the bottom of the screen here, the legal stuff, the copyright notice, Privacy Policy, and Terms and Conditions links. And then we'll be done with our template, and we'll have a template that we can use to start building our site. In the Editor, we have the beginning. html and css from the 07-layout-footer folder, and we're going to go ahead and do our traditional Save As ritual.
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
4h 44m Beginner Jul 28, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In XHTML and HTML Essential Training, Bill Weinman helps designers and coders understand XHTML and HTML. In the process, Bill covers document structure, block and inline-level tags, floating images, controlling white space, phrase and font markup, and tables and frames. He even provides a good introduction to CSS. Bill offers step-by-step guidance for building a complete working web site. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the structure of an HTML or XHTML document
  • Creating and using templates
  • Controlling white space and line breaks
  • Making effective use of tables and frames
  • Flowing text around an image
  • Formatting tables with CSS
  • Creating web pages that work properly across platforms and devices
  • Reviewing a case study of a complete web site
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Foundations Programming Languages Web Development
Software:
HTML XHTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Creating a layout template: footer content

Continuing with building the template for our website, we're going to now enter this stuff at the bottom of the screen here, the legal stuff, the copyright notice, Privacy Policy, and Terms and Conditions links. And then we'll be done with our template, and we'll have a template that we can use to start building our site. In the Editor, we have the beginning. html and css from the 07-layout-footer folder, and we're going to go ahead and do our traditional Save As ritual.

We are going to be calling it template. html and we'll actually have our work in template at the end of this lesson. The css will be main.css. There we go. Now, down at the bottom of the template, we're going to put in the text for the footer and it's like this. It actually goes outside of that table. The paragraph itself has an id="footer".

Inside the paragraph we're going to have our copyright notice. That's an XHTML entity for the copyright symbol. Now I'm putting in a couple of non-breaking spaces here. The purpose of that is to give a little bit of space between the Groundswell Surf and the links for the Privacy and Terms and Conditions links. You'll notice in our page here, there's a little bit of space there and then we have this bar separating these two. But this space, normally the browser will fold all the spaces into one space, and I want to actually have some spaces there.

So those non-breaking spaces serve to just take up enough white space there, on the actual screen. Then I'm going to put in my links on separate lines because the browser will actually ignore that new line and put it on the same line there. Just type a vertical bar character there at the end, and do the same thing for the Terms and Conditions link. There we have it. So that is the XHTML portion of the footer. If we look at that in the browser-- Let's go ahead and load this up.

This will be the template.html. Drag that in, and we see we have the text and the links, and now we just need to format them. You see that lovely space there? That's the non-breaking space characters. Let's go ahead and enter the style sheets for this. Down at the bottom of the file, go ahead and create a comment. p#footer, and we have the Trebuchet font-family, which I'm just going to copy and paste from up here.

font-size: .75em. Make it smaller, color: white. So the text will be white here. text-align: center. And then the links are going to be this other color that's already been selected again. So that selects all the anchor tags inside of the footer# context.

text-decoration: none. That makes it so that the links don't have an underline on them. So we have some of these extra spaces. And go ahead and save this. Load this up in the browser. There we have it. It's just how we wanted, white text here, the little teal text there. It's exactly how we wanted. So now we have a template, which we can use for building the rest of the pages for our site.

So we use this as a starting point, as we build the pages for the rest of this site.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about XHTML and HTML Essential Training.


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Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques within
the next few months. In the meantime, please see Bill's <a href="
http://www.lynda.com/home/DisplayCourse.aspx?lpk2=52341">CSS for
Developers</a> title for more information on coding with CSS.
Q: In the "Understanding the structure of an XHTML document" movie in Chapter 1, where does the "Roses are red," etc, text come from? I don't see it in the code.
A: Notice the <frame src="??"> tags. These reference other .html files that contain the content of the various frames. Details about how frames work can be found in Chapter 6 of the course.
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques later in 2012. In the meantime, please see Bill's CSS for Developers title for more information on coding with CSS.
 
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