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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

Creating inline frames using iFrame


From:

XHTML and HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Creating inline frames using iFrame

In this lesson we're going to talk about iFrames, which is the kind of frames that people actually use these days. The other kind of frames that we've been talking about for the rest of this chapter, those frames that divide up the screen into different areas, very few people are ctually using those anymore. You don't see them a lot on the Internet anymore. They tend to mess up the search engines and so people don't get a lot of traffic, and they also tend to mess up the users. They're hard to navigate. The back button doesn't always do what is expected to do, and so people don't like them, and they don't use them very much. The iFrame on the other hand is actually very useful, and people use them quite often.
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
4h 44m Beginner Jul 28, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In XHTML and HTML Essential Training, Bill Weinman helps designers and coders understand XHTML and HTML. In the process, Bill covers document structure, block and inline-level tags, floating images, controlling white space, phrase and font markup, and tables and frames. He even provides a good introduction to CSS. Bill offers step-by-step guidance for building a complete working web site. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the structure of an HTML or XHTML document
  • Creating and using templates
  • Controlling white space and line breaks
  • Making effective use of tables and frames
  • Flowing text around an image
  • Formatting tables with CSS
  • Creating web pages that work properly across platforms and devices
  • Reviewing a case study of a complete web site
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Foundations Programming Languages Web Development
Software:
HTML XHTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Creating inline frames using iFrame

In this lesson we're going to talk about iFrames, which is the kind of frames that people actually use these days. The other kind of frames that we've been talking about for the rest of this chapter, those frames that divide up the screen into different areas, very few people are ctually using those anymore. You don't see them a lot on the Internet anymore. They tend to mess up the search engines and so people don't get a lot of traffic, and they also tend to mess up the users. They're hard to navigate. The back button doesn't always do what is expected to do, and so people don't like them, and they don't use them very much. The iFrame on the other hand is actually very useful, and people use them quite often.

They're usually used to display some bunch of stuff that you don't want taking up a lot of space on the screen. You see here we have this Standard Disclaimer, so you'll see a privacy policy there, or terms and conditions, or something like that. They have to have on the screen for legal reasons usually, and that they don't necessarily need to take up a lot of real estate within, so that's what they're in. And just for a little bit of extra fun here in the exercise files, you'll find my Standard Disclaimer. One year I just sort of collected all the disclaimers I found on box tops things and stuck it in there. It's kind of fun to look at if you enjoy such things.

In any event, here is the iFrame document. It's very simple. You see it uses the normal XHTML Transitional DTD. The Doctype is the normal one that we've been using. We don't have to have a special Doctype for that. It has all the normal XHTML that you might find. It's got this H1 tag, and the P tag, and all of that, and here it's got an iFrame tag, and this iFrame tag has a begin tag and an end tag, it's a block element, and it has its content wherever you want to have display for browsers that don't support the iFrame.

Then it's got a source attribute, where you specify the file, and has width and height, little bit of style information here to create that nice little border around it, and that's it. And then it pulls up this other XHTML file, iFrame-content, and this is what goes inside the box, and you see that we have that sourced with the source attribute. It tells us where to find that, and that's this file here, which is just a normal XHTML file. You'll notice it's got the normal transitional Doctype at the top, and it has a little bit of style information there , and then it has the heading iFrame Content, oh, that's the title, iFrame Content, and that doesn't actually display anywhere here, but that is required by the standard.

So we go ahead and put that in. Then it's got a body, and it's got this heading, the Standard Disclaimer is the heading, and then it has this paragraph. This product is meant for educational purposes only, blah, blah, blah, and that goes down in here. You'll notice that this is an actual frame, in an actual file. I can select with my right mouse button. I can say let's Show Only This Frame, or open it in a tab. It opens in the tab, there is the title , and there is the whole document there. So that's how you make an iFrame, you'll need to that if you need to display some disclaimer, or some legalese that you have to have in your webpage.

So you don't want to have it take up a lot of screen real estate, use the iFrame tag, and you use the source attribute , and whatever other attributes you need, and there it is. It displays in that nice little handy box with a nice little handy scroll bar, so that people will look at if they are inclined to do so.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about XHTML and HTML Essential Training.


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Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques within
the next few months. In the meantime, please see Bill's <a href="
http://www.lynda.com/home/DisplayCourse.aspx?lpk2=52341">CSS for
Developers</a> title for more information on coding with CSS.
Q: In the "Understanding the structure of an XHTML document" movie in Chapter 1, where does the "Roses are red," etc, text come from? I don't see it in the code.
A: Notice the <frame src="??"> tags. These reference other .html files that contain the content of the various frames. Details about how frames work can be found in Chapter 6 of the course.
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques later in 2012. In the meantime, please see Bill's CSS for Developers title for more information on coding with CSS.
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