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JavaScript: Enhancing the DOM

Cloning and removing nodes


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JavaScript: Enhancing the DOM

with Ray Villalobos

Video: Cloning and removing nodes

Making a copy of a node is called cloning and it can be useful if you want to move things around in your DOM. Let's say that you want to dynamically change the position of an existing element, the cloneNode method lets you make a copy of an existing node with our without its children. You can then reposition the node anywhere within the existing DOM. You can use removeChild to delete a note from the DOM, but you've gotta be careful with this one. RemoveChild works by removing a node from an existing parent. So if you want to use it, you've got to call it on the parent of the node you want to delete.
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  1. 2m 36s
    1. Welcome
      59s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      50s
    3. Using the exercise files
      47s
  2. 24m 33s
    1. What is the Document Object Model (DOM)?
      3m 2s
    2. Navigating the DOM with developer tools
      8m 10s
    3. Testing JavaScript commands with the console
      5m 50s
    4. Communicating with the console through JavaScript
      7m 31s
  3. 31m 9s
    1. Selecting elements with getElementById
      4m 10s
    2. Choosing elements by HTML tag
      3m 20s
    3. Isolating elements by class name
      3m 12s
    4. Querying CSS to select elements
      4m 54s
    5. Working with named form elements
      3m 39s
    6. Understanding nodeType, nodeName, and nodeValue
      4m 30s
    7. Traversing up and down DOM nodes
      4m 40s
    8. Targeting node elements
      2m 44s
  4. 22m 25s
    1. Changing HTML attributes
      5m 25s
    2. Working with restricted attributes
      2m 49s
    3. Detecting data attributes
      3m 29s
    4. Controlling classes with the HTML5 classList
      3m 21s
    5. Targeting the attributes property
      1m 24s
    6. Using text content modifiers
      3m 42s
    7. Modifying elements as text
      2m 15s
  5. 14m 57s
    1. Creating and appending nodes
      4m 27s
    2. Controlling node insertions with insertBefore
      3m 17s
    3. Cloning and removing nodes
      4m 41s
    4. Replacing existing nodes
      2m 32s
  6. 26m 14s
    1. What we'll build
      2m 16s
    2. Adding a bubbling event listener
      4m 11s
    3. Creating and styling an overlay with JavaScript
      4m 39s
    4. Adding an image
      3m 48s
    5. Resizing images in the DOM
      2m 59s
    6. Centering an image
      2m 36s
    7. Handling clicks
      1m 29s
    8. Adjusting for scrolling
      1m 36s
    9. Detecting and adjusting for a window resize
      2m 40s
  7. 1m 49s
    1. Next steps
      1m 49s

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JavaScript: Enhancing the DOM
2h 3m Intermediate Jun 10, 2013

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

The Document Object Model (DOM) is at the core of every HTML page. In order to develop dynamic HTML pages, a front-end developer needs to understand how JavaScript connects to and controls the DOM, allowing you to create, modify, delete, and edit existing page content. This course focuses on helping you understand the DOM elements, and shows the different ways JavaScript gives you access to them and makes it easier to work with the DOM. Author Ray Villalobos covers navigating the DOM, selecting elements, modifying HTML attributes, editing nodes, and much more.

Topics include:
  • What is the DOM?
  • Choosing and isolating elements
  • Traversing up and down DOM nodes
  • Changing HTML attributes
  • Modifying elements as text
  • Creating and appending nodes
  • Cloning and removing nodes
  • Adding a bubbling event listener
  • Adding and resizing images
  • Handling clicks
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Development
Software:
HTML JavaScript
Author:
Ray Villalobos

Cloning and removing nodes

Making a copy of a node is called cloning and it can be useful if you want to move things around in your DOM. Let's say that you want to dynamically change the position of an existing element, the cloneNode method lets you make a copy of an existing node with our without its children. You can then reposition the node anywhere within the existing DOM. You can use removeChild to delete a note from the DOM, but you've gotta be careful with this one. RemoveChild works by removing a node from an existing parent. So if you want to use it, you've got to call it on the parent of the node you want to delete.

So, let's take a look at this in an actual DOM. So, we've got our website right here. I'm going to pull up the console and I'm going to create a variable called my node and make it contain a node that's going to have the artist lists which is right here. So, I'm going to hit the magnifying glass and click on one of these items. You can see the breadcrumbs pointing to that element and when we create the variable we'll use querySelector. And call the element with the class artist list. So, be careful here.

You want to make sure you use querySelector, not querySelector Alt, or you'll get an array of all the elements. So, let's check out what my node has. So, this has the entire list of artists right here. To clone an element you create a new node and use the clone node method, then you pass it along a true or false value. If you pass along a true value it means that all of the child nodes will also be copied as well. So it's perfect for copying something big, like our list of artists. So I am going to make a new variable here call it new node.

And I'm going to make it equal to my node, and then use the clone node method, and pass along the valley of true. So by passing true, I'm not just copying the node, I'm copying the node and all its children. So I hit Enter. Now let's check out this new node. We'll go ahead and issue a directory command on this new node. So we'll hit Enter and we can analyze this node. You can see that it has all the children from the previous node. So I want to insert it before the my schedule promo on the homepage so lets take a look at that. So we have got coming to that event here, and we have got this schedule area right here.

That's where we want to put it so I am going to hit the magnifying glass once again and just click on that area right there. And we know by the breadcrumbs that we want it right around this area. So let's go ahead and target this insert location. So we'll create another variable, call it insert location and I'm going to make it equal to document. And then I'll use query selector. And we want to ask for the entire sidebar element. So, we'll do a pound sidebar that targets this sidebar element right here, which contains all the different pieces. So, this top piece right here coming to the event, as well as this other scheduled piece.

So let's go ahead and investigate this new sidebar element we've got now. So do a directory on insertLocation and take a look at that. So if we open this up we can see that it has seven child nodes and the schedule child node happens to be element number four. So we want to insert it right before element number four. So let's check that out right here. There's the beginning of that element. We want it to be right here. So I'm going to scroll all the way down and go to our insertLocation and then use the insertBefore method and then pass it along the new node, as well as the place where we want to insert this.

We want it to be in the insertLocation and then look for child nodes. Element four. That looks pretty good, but I've got a couple of duplicate nodes. It would be great to remove the original nodes, and to do that we can use the method called remove child. So, you think there'd be a function that just removes an existing node. But remove child works by removing a node from a parent. So I need to use it not on my node, but on the parent of my node. So let's check that out. We'll do myNode, which is the original node and then parentNode and say removeChild myNode.

This is a little weird. Once you get your head around this, you can remove any node in the DOM. Now the node containing my original list of artists is gone. So hopefully you are getting comfortable managing your DOM. These two methods are really crucial to understanding how to move things and change things within your existing DOM.

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