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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

Building a main home page: sidebar content


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XHTML and HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Building a main home page: sidebar content

As we continue building the example website, in our last lesson, we filled in the left-hand side of the main homepage and in this lesson, we'll continue with the Sidebar Content. So, let's get started. Here in our editor we have our beginning.html, which has the content for the left-hand side that we filled in last time. And our beginning.css, which likewise has all of that style from the last time. And our home.txt which has the content here for the sidebar, which we'll be copying, and first let's go ahead and do our traditional Save As and saving as home.html, because this will be the homepage.
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
4h 44m Beginner Jul 28, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In XHTML and HTML Essential Training, Bill Weinman helps designers and coders understand XHTML and HTML. In the process, Bill covers document structure, block and inline-level tags, floating images, controlling white space, phrase and font markup, and tables and frames. He even provides a good introduction to CSS. Bill offers step-by-step guidance for building a complete working web site. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the structure of an HTML or XHTML document
  • Creating and using templates
  • Controlling white space and line breaks
  • Making effective use of tables and frames
  • Flowing text around an image
  • Formatting tables with CSS
  • Creating web pages that work properly across platforms and devices
  • Reviewing a case study of a complete web site
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Foundations Programming Languages Web Development
Software:
HTML XHTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Building a main home page: sidebar content

As we continue building the example website, in our last lesson, we filled in the left-hand side of the main homepage and in this lesson, we'll continue with the Sidebar Content. So, let's get started. Here in our editor we have our beginning.html, which has the content for the left-hand side that we filled in last time. And our beginning.css, which likewise has all of that style from the last time. And our home.txt which has the content here for the sidebar, which we'll be copying, and first let's go ahead and do our traditional Save As and saving as home.html, because this will be the homepage.

And save the css as main.css and our home.txt, we don't have to Save As because we're only going to be reading from it not writing to it. Let's go ahead and copy this content, so I'm pressing Ctrl+C because I'm using a PC here. If I were using a Mac, I would use Command+C and over here in our home.html, we're going to scroll down to the Sidebar Content and go ahead and press Ctrl+V to paste and there we have it.

So, the first thing I want to do is fill in the XHTML here, and like I said before for the home page, we're doing all of these manually in the future pages because we'll have had this experience. We're going go ahead and just cut and paste the already HTML-ified or Xhtml-ified text. So, I'm going to start with this image here and let's say img src= and there I have that and then I'm going to go to fill in the width and height. I'll go ahead here and drag this over because this Editor is kind of cool. It allows me to do it this way. Here we go.

So that's our image tag and then this gets an h3, because we use h3 for the right-hand side for the sidebar and we get paragraphs here and then paragraph here and then we have another image. I can just cut/paste. That's the other way to do this. Now, this is an h3. And add another image.

Drag that over. That's just fun to do it that way. And there we go. Another h3, another paragraph and an end paragraph. And then we have some links here. This is supposed to be a capital C there. I make that a href = and end a, equal to that part and take this part here and stick it in there and the same thing here.

And finally, this one here. Now, one other detail. These images are in the images directory, so we'll just say images here and I'll copy that and paste it here and paste it here, there we go. I think our content is ready and I'll go ahead and take all of this and indent it. In this editor here, which is Notepad++, I select a block of text and use the Tab key.

Different editors have different ways of indenting. I find it very valuable to keep my code indented. It helps me to find my way around and to know what is related to what. So we'll go ahead and save this. Now there is some formatting we're still going to need to do in css. But let's just take a peek and see what it looks like in the browser real quick. And we'll need to drag in this file, which is the home file in our home-part2. Drag this into the browser and there we have it, there is our right content. So that's great! It looks good.

It's still not entirely done. We need to format these images over. If we look at our example here we see that it's very close. The images are indented a little bit and the one's that our photographs have this nice little border on them. So we'll go ahead and do that in the css right now and that's over here in our css and we're going to add a couple of styles down here in the sidebar section right over here. All right, so the first thing we want to do is we want to indent those images a little bit and so we can do this here.

So this would be the selector for the images in the sidebar because they are under the contentRight, content margin 0 25 pixels. So, this makes the top margin and the bottom margin 0 and the left and right margins 25 pixels, and I'll just go over to the browser and take a look at that. Save here and reload and there we have it. Our images are now indented. Now, all we need to do is to put a border on these photographic images.

We go back into the XHTML and we use a class selector here. For the ones that are photographs, so this Surf1 image of photograph, this is a product image. So this is a photograph, so put in a class selector here. Now we go and put that class in the style sheet. So we're using a combination of selectors here now. This is something we haven't done before.

So, we have the ID Selector for the contentRight ID and so all of the images that are within that context that also have this class selector. So, img.photo is a class selector. Those who'll get this additional style and first they will apply this image style and then they will apply the class selector because that's where they are in the hierarchy. It's not because one is after the other in the css file. It's because hierarchically, img gets applied before the class img.photo.

We're applying a padding of 5 pixels. Remember padding goes inside of the content box and it expands the content box. And the border is a 1 pixel border, which also expands the content box by 1 pixel. It will happen on the outside of the padding because the padding is inside of the content box, like margin is outside. So, we'll go ahead and save this and we would expect this to create 5 pixel padding with a dark border around. It's not quite black here. It's a gray border.

Go ahead and reload in the browser and there we have it. So these boxes got a little bigger, you saw that and now there is this 5 pixel border around it. That's the padding because it's not margin. Margin would be on the outside of the border. It's on the inside, so that's the padding and that only happened on the ones that we gave that class selector to the photographs, so there we have it. We are done with the homepage. We have now created the main content and the sidebar content for the home page, and so we'll go ahead and move on to the next page.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about XHTML and HTML Essential Training.


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Please wait...
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques within
the next few months. In the meantime, please see Bill's <a href="
http://www.lynda.com/home/DisplayCourse.aspx?lpk2=52341">CSS for
Developers</a> title for more information on coding with CSS.
Q: In the "Understanding the structure of an XHTML document" movie in Chapter 1, where does the "Roses are red," etc, text come from? I don't see it in the code.
A: Notice the <frame src="??"> tags. These reference other .html files that contain the content of the various frames. Details about how frames work can be found in Chapter 6 of the course.
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques later in 2012. In the meantime, please see Bill's CSS for Developers title for more information on coding with CSS.
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