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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
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Breaking lines around an image


From:

XHTML and HTML Essential Training

with Bill Weinman

Video: Breaking lines around an image

So in our last lesson we looked at how to float an image, so that the text wraps around the image and you can float an image to either side. Here we have our example from that lesson where the text is flowing around the image. We are just going to tweak this down here and bring this up a little bit so that we can show you how to break the text around the image if you need to do that. So here is our paragraph and we see our image here with the align=left that makes the image float to the left and the text is flowing around it.
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  1. 5m 10s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 23s
    3. Choosing a text editor
      2m 31s
  2. 15m 46s
    1. Introducing HTML and XHTML
      2m 53s
    2. Understanding versions of HTML and XHTML
      2m 25s
    3. Exploring a simple XHTML page
      4m 47s
    4. Understanding the structure of an XHTML document
      2m 58s
    5. Understanding document containers
      54s
    6. Creating and using templates
      1m 49s
  3. 42m 4s
    1. Understanding how empty space is formatted in XHTML
      2m 42s
    2. Using paragraph tags
      2m 42s
    3. Aligning paragraphs
      2m 49s
    4. Understanding block-level and inline tags
      1m 24s
    5. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      5m 43s
    6. Formatting text with phrase element tags
      3m 28s
    7. Formatting text with font markup elements
      3m 24s
    8. Adding document structure with headings
      3m 25s
    9. Formatting quotations and quote marks
      2m 19s
    10. Preserving pre-formatted text
      1m 30s
    11. Selecting a typeface
      4m 33s
    12. Selecting a type size
      2m 11s
    13. Using ordered and unordered lists
      5m 54s
  4. 7m 48s
    1. Using inline images
      3m 17s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      2m 4s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      2m 27s
  5. 22m 34s
    1. Working with hyperlinks
      7m 46s
    2. Using relative URLs
      3m 5s
    3. Specifying a base URL
      2m 4s
    4. Linking within a page using fragments
      4m 28s
    5. Creating image links
      5m 11s
  6. 22m 56s
    1. Introducing tables
      4m 37s
    2. Formatting tables with CSS
      8m 50s
    3. Aligning images with tables
      5m 7s
    4. Reviewing an alternative solution using CSS
      4m 22s
  7. 14m 31s
    1. Introducing frames
      7m 56s
    2. Hiding frame borders
      3m 15s
    3. Creating inline frames using iFrame
      3m 20s
  8. 20m 50s
    1. Introducing forms: part 1
      10m 37s
    2. Introducing forms: part 2
      7m 45s
    3. Using CGI with forms
      2m 28s
  9. 25m 42s
    1. Introducing CSS
      3m 11s
    2. Understanding levels of inheritance
      6m 10s
    3. Learning CSS syntax
      11m 23s
    4. Using units of measure in CSS
      4m 58s
  10. 1h 45m
    1. Comparing table layout and CSS layout
      1m 25s
    2. Exploring the finished web site
      2m 37s
    3. Building a document header
      8m 18s
    4. Placing a banner and a contact button
      8m 13s
    5. Laying out a main menu
      6m 55s
    6. Creating a layout template: main body area
      13m 31s
    7. Creating a layout template: sidebar area
      5m 17s
    8. Creating a layout template: footer content
      4m 46s
    9. Building a main home page: main body content
      11m 24s
    10. Building a main home page: sidebar content
      8m 52s
    11. Creating a page with a menu, graphics, and formatted links
      13m 26s
    12. Creating a page containing an ordered list
      6m 44s
    13. Creating a page containing video
      10m 45s
    14. Touring the finished site
      3m 45s
  11. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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XHTML and HTML Essential Training
4h 44m Beginner Jul 28, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In XHTML and HTML Essential Training, Bill Weinman helps designers and coders understand XHTML and HTML. In the process, Bill covers document structure, block and inline-level tags, floating images, controlling white space, phrase and font markup, and tables and frames. He even provides a good introduction to CSS. Bill offers step-by-step guidance for building a complete working web site. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the structure of an HTML or XHTML document
  • Creating and using templates
  • Controlling white space and line breaks
  • Making effective use of tables and frames
  • Flowing text around an image
  • Formatting tables with CSS
  • Creating web pages that work properly across platforms and devices
  • Reviewing a case study of a complete web site
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Foundations Programming Languages Web Development
Software:
HTML XHTML
Author:
Bill Weinman

Breaking lines around an image

So in our last lesson we looked at how to float an image, so that the text wraps around the image and you can float an image to either side. Here we have our example from that lesson where the text is flowing around the image. We are just going to tweak this down here and bring this up a little bit so that we can show you how to break the text around the image if you need to do that. So here is our paragraph and we see our image here with the align=left that makes the image float to the left and the text is flowing around it.

Let's say that you wanted to break this text say after this period here and you wanted that Jez is a Gibson L6-S to start on the line after the image and not just right here. We know that the br tag will break the text. Go ahead and insert a br tag right here, br, and you will notice that we have the little shorthand notation there for the fact that br is not a container and it doesn't have a separate end tag. So we have this little shorthand notation that allows that to work in XHTML.

I'll go ahead and save this and reload the browser and there we have it, the Jez, moved from here after the sentence on the same line and moved down to the next line which is exactly what we expected to have happen, but it's not what we want. We want this to start down here under the image. So what we need is we need an attribute in the br tag, so that attribute is called clear. So we'll go ahead and put in here clear=left. This will break around any floating object on the left-hand side and make the line start after the floating objects.

We'll go ahead there and we'll save and we'll reload and there we have it. Now the paragraph continues under the image after the end of the floating object there, in that case the image. So if I change this to right of course, we won't expect this to work, because that's going to make it clear any object floating on the right-hand side and so there we have just like it was before. It breaks but it doesn't clear because we are asking it to clear on the right and the image is floating on the left. Or I can say all here and it will clear any floating object, no matter which side it is floating on.

So I'll save and reload and we see that that works. So that's how the clear attribute works in the br tag. You can say clear=left to clear floating objects on the left-hand side. You can say clear=right to clear floating objects on the right-hand side or you can say clear=all to clear all floating objects no matter which side they are on.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about XHTML and HTML Essential Training.


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Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques within
the next few months. In the meantime, please see Bill's <a href="
http://www.lynda.com/home/DisplayCourse.aspx?lpk2=52341">CSS for
Developers</a> title for more information on coding with CSS.
Q: In the "Understanding the structure of an XHTML document" movie in Chapter 1, where does the "Roses are red," etc, text come from? I don't see it in the code.
A: Notice the <frame src="??"> tags. These reference other .html files that contain the content of the various frames. Details about how frames work can be found in Chapter 6 of the course.
Q: In this title, the instructor uses tables to create a website design. Is there a way to create this same layout with CSS?
A: This course will be updated to include CSS-based layout techniques later in 2012. In the meantime, please see Bill's CSS for Developers title for more information on coding with CSS.
 
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