Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Aligning images

From: HTML Essential Training (2012)

Video: Aligning images

In the book Creative HTML Design that Lynda and I wrote back in the '90s, we presented an example of an image that had been chopped up and reassembled using HTML tables. This was a common technique in those days because it allowed parts of the image to be used in different ways. This movie presents some HTML5 compatible way to accomplish the same thing today. If we open this folder called cutapart in the Chap06 folder of the exercise files you'll see two versions of this example. One version uses tables and this is basically the way that we did this back in the '90s. It's a little bit different than our original example, because some of the tags and attributes are better defined today in HTML5, than they were back then, but this is valid HTML5, and it uses a combination of tables and stylesheets to accomplish this. I am just going to open this up in the browser and you'll see what looks like an image, but you will notice it's made up of 12 different images that are all summed up together in a table. And if we look back here in this folder, under images you see here are these 12 images. I am going to use the QuickView feature here on this Mac and we can look at each of these images as I scroll down the list. And you see these are all the different parts of that one image. And then here's the whole image. So that's the table's version. What I am going to show you now is the HTML5-ish way to do this. And there it is in the browser, and here it is in our text editor. It's actually a little bit simpler. It's a little bit smaller, it has a few less lines of code, and you can see it's actually very clear. All we have here is a set of divs and the images, and everything else is done in the CSS and really just with a couple of lines of CSS. And here it is in the browser, exactly the same result. In each of these images if I do a view image, you will see they are all the little pieces of the image. So here's how this works. We have a div with a class called cutapart. And that's really only used for context. In CSS, I am using descendent selectors, so where crow is a descendent of cutapart, this style will be applied which basically just has a clear. And where image is a descendent of cutapart, it changes the image to block mode and floats it to the left. Actually if I just float it to the left, it will make it block mode anyway. I just put this in also to remind myself that that's what it's doing. And that's all there is to it. So in each of these div class crow, we have a number of images and these images float left, and then they clear, and the clear happens because the clear is in the crow. So when the next crow shows up, we get a clear. And then a number of images that are floating left, and when you float objects next to each other, all in the same direction, they stack up in that direction. And so all this is doing is it's stacking up image, image, image, image, image and then image, image, image, image, like that in these different rows. You can see it a little better. If I go ahead and put a border on the image and we reload this, you can see each of the images now has this red border and you can see all the pieces of them. So these four stack up in the first crow, these four stack up in second crow and these four stack up in the third crow. Now this technique does have one problem. We'll go ahead and take that border off and reload over here. If I come up here after all of this and I say p this is a paragraph of text. And I save that and load it up; you will notice that the text comes up here in the last crow, because the last crow is floated to the left. And so what this requires is a clear. Now I could create a class up here called clear, and then I can put that class on this paragraph and that would actually solve the problem. And I hit a Reload here and we see now the paragraph is down there. The problem with this solution is that it's not consistent enough. It's not repeatable enough. It would be easy for me to forget to put this clear in and to forget why this is a problem and to end up having to reinvent the wheel. What I really need is something that I can put inside of here. So what I've done, and I actually do this in most of my stylesheets, because I come across this kind of problem often enough. I create a class called clear that does this. It makes it possible for me to have an object like a paragraph or a div or something and I'll usually--I am just going to take this out of here and I am going to close this paragraph like I am supposed to. I am going to come up in here and I am going to just say

Aligning images

In the book Creative HTML Design that Lynda and I wrote back in the '90s, we presented an example of an image that had been chopped up and reassembled using HTML tables. This was a common technique in those days because it allowed parts of the image to be used in different ways. This movie presents some HTML5 compatible way to accomplish the same thing today. If we open this folder called cutapart in the Chap06 folder of the exercise files you'll see two versions of this example. One version uses tables and this is basically the way that we did this back in the '90s. It's a little bit different than our original example, because some of the tags and attributes are better defined today in HTML5, than they were back then, but this is valid HTML5, and it uses a combination of tables and stylesheets to accomplish this. I am just going to open this up in the browser and you'll see what looks like an image, but you will notice it's made up of 12 different images that are all summed up together in a table. And if we look back here in this folder, under images you see here are these 12 images. I am going to use the QuickView feature here on this Mac and we can look at each of these images as I scroll down the list. And you see these are all the different parts of that one image. And then here's the whole image. So that's the table's version. What I am going to show you now is the HTML5-ish way to do this. And there it is in the browser, and here it is in our text editor. It's actually a little bit simpler. It's a little bit smaller, it has a few less lines of code, and you can see it's actually very clear. All we have here is a set of divs and the images, and everything else is done in the CSS and really just with a couple of lines of CSS. And here it is in the browser, exactly the same result. In each of these images if I do a view image, you will see they are all the little pieces of the image. So here's how this works. We have a div with a class called cutapart. And that's really only used for context. In CSS, I am using descendent selectors, so where crow is a descendent of cutapart, this style will be applied which basically just has a clear. And where image is a descendent of cutapart, it changes the image to block mode and floats it to the left. Actually if I just float it to the left, it will make it block mode anyway. I just put this in also to remind myself that that's what it's doing. And that's all there is to it. So in each of these div class crow, we have a number of images and these images float left, and then they clear, and the clear happens because the clear is in the crow. So when the next crow shows up, we get a clear. And then a number of images that are floating left, and when you float objects next to each other, all in the same direction, they stack up in that direction. And so all this is doing is it's stacking up image, image, image, image, image and then image, image, image, image, like that in these different rows. You can see it a little better. If I go ahead and put a border on the image and we reload this, you can see each of the images now has this red border and you can see all the pieces of them. So these four stack up in the first crow, these four stack up in second crow and these four stack up in the third crow. Now this technique does have one problem. We'll go ahead and take that border off and reload over here. If I come up here after all of this and I say p this is a paragraph of text. And I save that and load it up; you will notice that the text comes up here in the last crow, because the last crow is floated to the left. And so what this requires is a clear. Now I could create a class up here called clear, and then I can put that class on this paragraph and that would actually solve the problem. And I hit a Reload here and we see now the paragraph is down there. The problem with this solution is that it's not consistent enough. It's not repeatable enough. It would be easy for me to forget to put this clear in and to forget why this is a problem and to end up having to reinvent the wheel. What I really need is something that I can put inside of here. So what I've done, and I actually do this in most of my stylesheets, because I come across this kind of problem often enough. I create a class called clear that does this. It makes it possible for me to have an object like a paragraph or a div or something and I'll usually--I am just going to take this out of here and I am going to close this paragraph like I am supposed to. I am going to come up in here and I am going to just say

And now all I have to do is remember to put that in every time I do this pattern, and you'll see that it works perfectly. I will Reload this and there is my paragraph. And in this case, I have a normal paragraph here and it's got the leading above it just like I would expect and it actually looks exactly like it's supposed to look. So now we have a good repeatable pattern, it's got a manageable amount of CSS, and it solves the whole problem and allows us to assemble our images in a very simple way. So this technique can be handy for manipulating parts of an image, say with animation or rollovers. It also demonstrates just how powerful the combination of HTML and CSS can be when used thoughtfully.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for HTML Essential Training (2012)
HTML Essential Training (2012)

82 video lessons · 105612 viewers

Bill Weinman
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 5m 24s
    1. Welcome
      56s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 37s
    3. What you need to know about this course
      2m 51s
  2. 22m 0s
    1. What is HTML?
      4m 12s
    2. Examining the structure of an HTML document
      7m 50s
    3. Understanding tags and containers
      6m 4s
    4. Exploring content models in HTML5
      2m 23s
    5. Looking at obsolete elements
      1m 31s
  3. 27m 19s
    1. Understanding whitespace and comments
      3m 53s
    2. Displaying text with paragraphs
      3m 37s
    3. Applying style
      8m 5s
    4. Using block and inline tags
      6m 34s
    5. Displaying characters with references
      5m 10s
  4. 16m 36s
    1. Exploring the front matter of HTML
      2m 9s
    2. Applying CSS to your document
      3m 59s
    3. Adding scripting elements
      4m 54s
    4. Using the meta tag
      3m 34s
    5. Optimizing your page for search engines
      2m 0s
  5. 24m 59s
    1. Controlling line breaks and spaces
      2m 46s
    2. Exploring phrase elements
      1m 44s
    3. Using font markup elements
      1m 5s
    4. Highlighting text with mark
      1m 29s
    5. Adding headings
      1m 38s
    6. Using quotations and quote marks
      3m 2s
    7. Exploring preformatted text
      1m 45s
    8. Formatting lists
      2m 28s
    9. Forcing text direction
      3m 49s
    10. Suggesting word-break opportunities
      2m 29s
    11. Annotating East Asian languages
      2m 44s
  6. 29m 15s
    1. Introducing CSS
      55s
    2. Understanding CSS placement
      6m 55s
    3. Exploring CSS syntax
      10m 34s
    4. Understanding CSS units of measure
      3m 3s
    5. Some CSS examples
      7m 48s
  7. 22m 5s
    1. Using images
      4m 13s
    2. Flowing text around an image
      4m 55s
    3. Breaking lines around an image
      3m 3s
    4. Aligning images
      5m 25s
    5. Mapping links in an image
      4m 29s
  8. 22m 28s
    1. Understanding URLs
      2m 41s
    2. Working with hyperlinks
      3m 28s
    3. Using relative URLs
      4m 20s
    4. Specifying a base URL
      2m 19s
    5. Linking within a page
      4m 12s
    6. Using image links
      5m 28s
  9. 17m 2s
    1. Exploring list types
      3m 52s
    2. List elements in depth
      7m 44s
    3. Using text menus with unordered lists
      5m 26s
  10. 15m 30s
    1. Introduction to HTML semantics
      4m 9s
    2. Exploring an example
      4m 56s
    3. Marking up figures and illustrations
      2m 33s
    4. Creating collapsible details
      3m 52s
  11. 11m 18s
    1. Embedding audio
      5m 19s
    2. Embedding video
      5m 59s
  12. 11m 53s
    1. Creating ad-hoc Document Object Model (DOM) data with the data-* attribute
      4m 53s
    2. Displaying relative values with meter
      2m 57s
    3. Creating dynamic progress indicators
      4m 3s
  13. 4m 49s
    1. Overview of HTML5 microdata
      1m 8s
    2. Exploring an example with microdata
      3m 41s
  14. 7m 3s
    1. Understanding outlines
      52s
    2. A demonstration of outlining
      6m 11s
  15. 13m 1s
    1. Table basics
      7m 29s
    2. Exploring the semantic parts of a table
      2m 32s
    3. Grouping columns
      3m 0s
  16. 9m 55s
    1. Frames overview
      54s
    2. Using traditional frames
      4m 26s
    3. Exploring inline frames using iframe
      2m 7s
    4. Simulating frames with CSS
      2m 28s
  17. 53m 7s
    1. Introducing forms
      10m 24s
    2. Using text elements
      10m 12s
    3. Using checkboxes and radio buttons
      2m 37s
    4. Creating selection lists and dropdown lists
      5m 14s
    5. Submit and button elements
      8m 48s
    6. Using an image as a submit button
      2m 15s
    7. Keeping context with the hidden element
      3m 0s
    8. Setting tab order
      2m 7s
    9. Preloading an autocomplete list using the datalist feature
      5m 26s
    10. Displaying results with output
      3m 4s
  18. 19m 47s
    1. Touring a complete site
      2m 14s
    2. Touring the HTML
      8m 44s
    3. Touring the CSS
      8m 49s
  19. 29s
    1. Goodbye
      29s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed HTML Essential Training (2012).

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK

Course retiring soon

HTML Essential Training (2012) will be retired from the lynda.com library on January 2, 2015. Training videos and exercise files will no longer be available, but the course will still appear in your course history and certificates of completion. For updated training, check out the all new HTML Essential Training in the lynda.com Online Training Library.


Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Learn more, save more. Upgrade today!

Get our Annual Premium Membership at our best savings yet.

Upgrade to our Annual Premium Membership today and get even more value from your lynda.com subscription:

“In a way, I feel like you are rooting for me. Like you are really invested in my experience, and want me to get as much out of these courses as possible this is the best place to start on your journey to learning new material.”— Nadine H.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.