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Understanding Git hosting

From: Git Essential Training

Video: Understanding Git hosting

In this movie I want to talk about hosting Git repositories. Now obviously I am not talking about the local repository that you just have on your machine, all you need is Git to be able to do that. What I'm talking about are the remote repositories that are hosted somewhere where multiple users can all have access to that one remote. To do that, we need to have some kind of a Git server set up to handle requests from all those different users at the same time. There is basically two ways you can go with it. You can either have a hosting company take care of the hosting for you, or you can self-host.

Understanding Git hosting

In this movie I want to talk about hosting Git repositories. Now obviously I am not talking about the local repository that you just have on your machine, all you need is Git to be able to do that. What I'm talking about are the remote repositories that are hosted somewhere where multiple users can all have access to that one remote. To do that, we need to have some kind of a Git server set up to handle requests from all those different users at the same time. There is basically two ways you can go with it. You can either have a hosting company take care of the hosting for you, or you can self-host.

We've already seen how a hosting company works, because in the chapter on remotes, we were working with GitHub. GitHub is the oldest, most popular, and probably most reputable of the Git hosting companies. But they're not the only game in town, Bitbucket and Gitorious are also both very popular and rising quickly in popularity, so I encourage you to check out all three. See what their different pricing plans are like, see what features they offer, and decide which one you like the best. I think you can't go wrong with any of them.

The advantage of using a hosting company is that either for free or very little money, they take care of everything for you. So they handle all of the server administration. They handle things like data backups. They make configuration easy. They give you a graphical user interface to do it. And they even give you tools to look at the information in your Git repository in interesting ways. However, hosting to these companies is not for everyone. For some people you need to go with self-hosting. And it's not just simply a matter of cost and trying to save that few dollars a month on hosting, for a lot of people they need to keep their code inside the firewall.

If you work at a corporation, or especially for things like governmental agencies, it may be that you can't share your code with a third party, no matter how secure their web site is. You have to keep things inside the firewall. You won't be able to make, push, and fetch requests to some external entity. And in that case, you'll need to set up self-hosting. It used to be that the main way to do that was by using software called Gitosis. So you would set up Gitosis on your internal servers, and then that would be what everyone would connect to, and it would be like having your own personal GitHub, with a lot less features.

The problem with Gitosis is that development on it stopped two or three years ago, so it hasn't been continually updated. Gitolite though is very much in active development, and it's constantly being improved. It's based on Gitosis, so both are going to be very similar, but I think you'll have better luck if you start with Gitolite first. And you may find it difficult if you are a beginner, but anyone with some server admin experience should be able to get them set up.

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This video is part of

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Git Essential Training

89 video lessons · 30720 viewers

Kevin Skoglund
Author

 
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  1. 2m 46s
    1. Introduction
      1m 7s
    2. How to use the exercise files
      1m 39s
  2. 20m 24s
    1. Understanding version control
      4m 48s
    2. The history of Git
      7m 58s
    3. About distributed version control
      5m 4s
    4. Who should use Git?
      2m 34s
  3. 26m 12s
    1. Installing Git on a Mac
      3m 44s
    2. Installing Git on Windows
      5m 37s
    3. Installing Git on Linux
      1m 30s
    4. Configuring Git
      7m 29s
    5. Exploring Git auto-completion
      5m 35s
    6. Using Git help
      2m 17s
  4. 15m 49s
    1. Initializing a repository
      1m 58s
    2. Understanding where Git files are stored
      2m 34s
    3. Performing your first commit
      2m 4s
    4. Writing commit messages
      5m 22s
    5. Viewing the commit log
      3m 51s
  5. 17m 44s
    1. Exploring the three-trees architecture
      3m 57s
    2. The Git workflow
      3m 15s
    3. Using hash values (SHA-1)
      4m 7s
    4. Working with the HEAD pointer
      6m 25s
  6. 25m 52s
    1. Adding files
      5m 59s
    2. Editing files
      3m 56s
    3. Viewing changes with diff
      3m 35s
    4. Viewing only staged changes
      2m 28s
    5. Deleting files
      5m 29s
    6. Moving and renaming files
      4m 25s
  7. 19m 18s
    1. Introducing the Explore California web site
      2m 2s
    2. Initializing Git
      3m 48s
    3. Editing the support phone number
      6m 20s
    4. Editing the backpack file name and links
      7m 8s
  8. 38m 45s
    1. Undoing working directory changes
      3m 49s
    2. Unstaging files
      2m 37s
    3. Amending commits
      4m 50s
    4. Retrieving old versions
      4m 7s
    5. Reverting a commit
      3m 12s
    6. Using reset to undo commits
      3m 44s
    7. Demonstrating a soft reset
      4m 8s
    8. Demonstrating a mixed reset
      4m 7s
    9. Demonstrating a hard reset
      5m 8s
    10. Removing untracked files
      3m 3s
  9. 27m 22s
    1. Using .gitignore files
      8m 23s
    2. Understanding what to ignore
      4m 47s
    3. Ignoring files globally
      4m 49s
    4. Ignoring tracked files
      5m 26s
    5. Tracking empty directories
      3m 57s
  10. 26m 51s
    1. Referencing commits
      4m 52s
    2. Exploring tree listings
      3m 46s
    3. Getting more from the commit log
      7m 38s
    4. Viewing commits
      4m 4s
    5. Comparing commits
      6m 31s
  11. 39m 35s
    1. Branching overview
      4m 56s
    2. Viewing and creating branches
      2m 57s
    3. Switching branches
      2m 58s
    4. Creating and switching branches
      4m 53s
    5. Switching branches with uncommitted changes
      3m 26s
    6. Comparing branches
      4m 28s
    7. Renaming branches
      2m 28s
    8. Deleting branches
      4m 18s
    9. Configuring the command prompt to show the branch
      9m 11s
  12. 28m 32s
    1. Merging code
      3m 11s
    2. Using fast-forward merge vs. true merge
      6m 49s
    3. Merging conflicts
      7m 26s
    4. Resolving merge conflicts
      7m 5s
    5. Exploring strategies to reduce merge conflicts
      4m 1s
  13. 14m 34s
    1. Saving changes in the stash
      4m 5s
    2. Viewing stashed changes
      2m 39s
    3. Retrieving stashed changes
      4m 24s
    4. Deleting stashed changes
      3m 26s
  14. 1h 5m
    1. Using local and remote repositories
      6m 38s
    2. Setting up a GitHub account
      5m 39s
    3. Adding a remote repository
      4m 0s
    4. Creating a remote branch
      4m 3s
    5. Cloning a remote repository
      4m 26s
    6. Tracking remote branches
      4m 5s
    7. Pushing changes to a remote repository
      5m 8s
    8. Fetching changes from a remote repository
      5m 47s
    9. Merging in fetched changes
      4m 50s
    10. Checking out remote branches
      3m 22s
    11. Pushing to an updated remote branch
      2m 6s
    12. Deleting a remote branch
      3m 8s
    13. Enabling collaboration
      3m 40s
    14. A collaboration workflow
      8m 43s
  15. 16m 23s
    1. Setting up aliases for common commands
      5m 14s
    2. Using SSH keys for remote login
      2m 56s
    3. Exploring integrated development environments
      1m 4s
    4. Exploring graphical user interfaces
      4m 32s
    5. Understanding Git hosting
      2m 37s
  16. 55s
    1. Goodbye
      55s

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