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Installing Git on Windows

From: Git Essential Training

Video: Installing Git on Windows

In this movie, we are going to learn how to install Git on Windows. I'll be installing it on Windows 7, but the process will be similar for any version. The first thing you need to know is where to find Git. In the main Git web site, it's going to be at http://git-scm.com. SCM stands for source code manager. When you go to that web site, there will be a link that will allow you to download and then install Git. Before we do that though, I want to also mention another good resource to you, which is that GitHub, one of the popular Git hosting companies, provides very detailed step-by-step instructions with screenshots at this URL.

Installing Git on Windows

In this movie, we are going to learn how to install Git on Windows. I'll be installing it on Windows 7, but the process will be similar for any version. The first thing you need to know is where to find Git. In the main Git web site, it's going to be at http://git-scm.com. SCM stands for source code manager. When you go to that web site, there will be a link that will allow you to download and then install Git. Before we do that though, I want to also mention another good resource to you, which is that GitHub, one of the popular Git hosting companies, provides very detailed step-by-step instructions with screenshots at this URL.

So if for any reason, things change in the future or if you get stuck, this might be a good resource to help you get unstuck. But I am also going to walk you through the install step-by-step. So this is the Git web site, see git-scm.com up here in the URL, and when you go to the page, at least at the moment, it has a link right here that detects that I'm coming from Windows and offers to give me the latest stable release. So this is the one that we could download, but instead of just clicking that link, I want to show you that you can also click Downloads here, and you can see all the different versions that are available for different operating systems, we can click Windows, and then it will take us to that same page, the other one was a shortcut to get to this page that would download Git for us.

We could see that it's offering to download Git-1.7.11-preview with a date after it .exe. The version that it offers you may be different, go ahead and take whatever it gives you, and don't let the fact that it says preview here, throw you at all. The Windows version of Git is still considered to be beta software, it's very stable, you shouldn't have any worries about using it, but it's still officially considered beta software. So it wants to know would we like to save this file, and we'll say yes, we would like to save it. It's doing a scan for viruses and download, and then now it has actually downloaded. All right. So let's close that up.

I had my version of Firefox set to put all my downloads, in my Downloads folder so that's where you can find this, you may have yours set to go somewhere else. So here it is inside my Downloads folder. I am just going to double-click on that. It's an exe file, Security Warning, we do want to run it, do we want to go ahead and let them make changes, yes we do. And now we have a Setup Wizard to help walk us through the process. You are basically going to pick the defaults for everything, it's going to put it in our Program Files x86, under GIT, that's great.

As far as what things to pick here, go ahead and just accept the defaults for everything. Then it says it will create shortcuts, and it will call it Git, that's fine, and as far as choosing our PATH environment, again we are going to choose the top option Use Git Bash only. Unless you know that you want to use another one, let's stick with the top one. And then for line endings, now because Git is primarily UNIX-based, and that's where sort of where it's got to start and a lot of users are still on UNIX. The style of UNIX line endings in a text file is different from what Windows has.

So it wants to know how do you want to handle that difference. The one you want to pick is the top one. Basically, when we get files from Git, convert them to Windows style so that we can use them in Windows, but then when we put things back for other people to use we are going to use the UNIX style line endings. So that's the polite way to do it unless you are working on a Windows only project, in which case you might want to choose this last one, but I really recommend that you try and go with this top one in most cases. Okay, so now it's actually going to do the install for us, and it's all done, we can say Finish.

We are now done with the download. You can see that it added Git Bash to my Desktop here, has some Release Notes here that we can read, we won't worry about those right now, and now Git is installed. So what is this Git Bash business over here? We were supposed to be installing Git, and we got something called Git Bash. Well, Bash is an environment in UNIX. It's the environment that probably most UNIX users use. So it's essentially like Git UNIX, and when we open this up, what it does is it puts us into an environment that is very similar to the environment that UNIX users will have. I am going to make my font a little bigger here.

We'll make my Window 24 point and Consolas, there we go, now it's bigger, that will make it easier for you to see. So now that we are here, this works just like UNIX, if you were in the Command line in windows, you would see a directory listing by typing dir. But we are using UNIX here so it's ls - la, and it will show us a listing of all our files, exactly like you have in UNIX. It's going to make it really easy for you to follow along because you can use the exact same commands. Now we can see which version of Git we have.

Let's first type which git, that's a UNIX command again that shows where Git is installed and located, and if we type git --version, it comes up and tells us which version we have. This msysgit is letting us know that it's the Windows version. So we have now successfully installed Git on windows. There is one additional note that I want to give you about Git Bash, which is at least in the current version that I'm using of Git Bash, you don't have the ability to copy and paste text. So I can't, for example, select any of the text that's up here.

If I want to paste something in, you can't do it directly into the command line, what you have to do is come up here and choose Edit and then choose Paste from here. So if you see me doing paste from a text file into the command line, that's how you're going to do it when you're working inside Git Bash. Now that may be a feature that they'll fix in the future, but at least at the moment copy-paste doesn't work the way it probably should.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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Git Essential Training

89 video lessons · 27707 viewers

Kevin Skoglund
Author

 
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  1. 2m 46s
    1. Introduction
      1m 7s
    2. How to use the exercise files
      1m 39s
  2. 20m 24s
    1. Understanding version control
      4m 48s
    2. The history of Git
      7m 58s
    3. About distributed version control
      5m 4s
    4. Who should use Git?
      2m 34s
  3. 26m 12s
    1. Installing Git on a Mac
      3m 44s
    2. Installing Git on Windows
      5m 37s
    3. Installing Git on Linux
      1m 30s
    4. Configuring Git
      7m 29s
    5. Exploring Git auto-completion
      5m 35s
    6. Using Git help
      2m 17s
  4. 15m 49s
    1. Initializing a repository
      1m 58s
    2. Understanding where Git files are stored
      2m 34s
    3. Performing your first commit
      2m 4s
    4. Writing commit messages
      5m 22s
    5. Viewing the commit log
      3m 51s
  5. 17m 44s
    1. Exploring the three-trees architecture
      3m 57s
    2. The Git workflow
      3m 15s
    3. Using hash values (SHA-1)
      4m 7s
    4. Working with the HEAD pointer
      6m 25s
  6. 25m 52s
    1. Adding files
      5m 59s
    2. Editing files
      3m 56s
    3. Viewing changes with diff
      3m 35s
    4. Viewing only staged changes
      2m 28s
    5. Deleting files
      5m 29s
    6. Moving and renaming files
      4m 25s
  7. 19m 18s
    1. Introducing the Explore California web site
      2m 2s
    2. Initializing Git
      3m 48s
    3. Editing the support phone number
      6m 20s
    4. Editing the backpack file name and links
      7m 8s
  8. 38m 45s
    1. Undoing working directory changes
      3m 49s
    2. Unstaging files
      2m 37s
    3. Amending commits
      4m 50s
    4. Retrieving old versions
      4m 7s
    5. Reverting a commit
      3m 12s
    6. Using reset to undo commits
      3m 44s
    7. Demonstrating a soft reset
      4m 8s
    8. Demonstrating a mixed reset
      4m 7s
    9. Demonstrating a hard reset
      5m 8s
    10. Removing untracked files
      3m 3s
  9. 27m 22s
    1. Using .gitignore files
      8m 23s
    2. Understanding what to ignore
      4m 47s
    3. Ignoring files globally
      4m 49s
    4. Ignoring tracked files
      5m 26s
    5. Tracking empty directories
      3m 57s
  10. 26m 51s
    1. Referencing commits
      4m 52s
    2. Exploring tree listings
      3m 46s
    3. Getting more from the commit log
      7m 38s
    4. Viewing commits
      4m 4s
    5. Comparing commits
      6m 31s
  11. 39m 35s
    1. Branching overview
      4m 56s
    2. Viewing and creating branches
      2m 57s
    3. Switching branches
      2m 58s
    4. Creating and switching branches
      4m 53s
    5. Switching branches with uncommitted changes
      3m 26s
    6. Comparing branches
      4m 28s
    7. Renaming branches
      2m 28s
    8. Deleting branches
      4m 18s
    9. Configuring the command prompt to show the branch
      9m 11s
  12. 28m 32s
    1. Merging code
      3m 11s
    2. Using fast-forward merge vs. true merge
      6m 49s
    3. Merging conflicts
      7m 26s
    4. Resolving merge conflicts
      7m 5s
    5. Exploring strategies to reduce merge conflicts
      4m 1s
  13. 14m 34s
    1. Saving changes in the stash
      4m 5s
    2. Viewing stashed changes
      2m 39s
    3. Retrieving stashed changes
      4m 24s
    4. Deleting stashed changes
      3m 26s
  14. 1h 5m
    1. Using local and remote repositories
      6m 38s
    2. Setting up a GitHub account
      5m 39s
    3. Adding a remote repository
      4m 0s
    4. Creating a remote branch
      4m 3s
    5. Cloning a remote repository
      4m 26s
    6. Tracking remote branches
      4m 5s
    7. Pushing changes to a remote repository
      5m 8s
    8. Fetching changes from a remote repository
      5m 47s
    9. Merging in fetched changes
      4m 50s
    10. Checking out remote branches
      3m 22s
    11. Pushing to an updated remote branch
      2m 6s
    12. Deleting a remote branch
      3m 8s
    13. Enabling collaboration
      3m 40s
    14. A collaboration workflow
      8m 43s
  15. 16m 23s
    1. Setting up aliases for common commands
      5m 14s
    2. Using SSH keys for remote login
      2m 56s
    3. Exploring integrated development environments
      1m 4s
    4. Exploring graphical user interfaces
      4m 32s
    5. Understanding Git hosting
      2m 37s
  16. 55s
    1. Goodbye
      55s

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