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Enabling collaboration

From: Git Essential Training

Video: Enabling collaboration

In this movie I want to talk about how we can enable collaborators on your project and also how you can become a collaborator to open source project. Now you maybe thinking, well, wait a minute we've already been doing collaboration right? We have our explore_california repository, and we have lynda_version, right? Those are two people collaborating. Well, we have been kind of faking it, because the thing is both of these repositories are logging into GitHub using the same set of credentials, in my case they're both logging in as Kevin Skoglund. So I have two repositories pretending to be two different people, but it's really the same GitHub user.

Enabling collaboration

In this movie I want to talk about how we can enable collaborators on your project and also how you can become a collaborator to open source project. Now you maybe thinking, well, wait a minute we've already been doing collaboration right? We have our explore_california repository, and we have lynda_version, right? Those are two people collaborating. Well, we have been kind of faking it, because the thing is both of these repositories are logging into GitHub using the same set of credentials, in my case they're both logging in as Kevin Skoglund. So I have two repositories pretending to be two different people, but it's really the same GitHub user.

What if we want other GitHub users to be able to access our project? The way we do that is you go to the project homepage, and you click on Admin, it'll bring up a page here with Collaborators as one of the options, and then we can start typing the GitHub username of the person that we want to collaborate on it. Whatever the person's name is it'll start looking it up. Obviously, I'm not going to add myself to the project, I'm already part of it, but I'm just going to look up my username just to see how it comes up. So there it is, you start typing and it starts narrowing down the Kevin's until finally it finds my username.

You have got to know the person's username or at least be able to find it here, and then once you do, you'll click Add to add them to the project. Once you add them to the project, then GitHub will send them an email telling them that they been added to the repository, and also providing them with this URL here so that they can then clone it and start working. And they'll have the ability to both read and write to that project. So that's an important step in enabling people to be able to work on your project with you. Now if you want to work on an open source project, it works a little bit differently, and the reason why is not everyone in the world can make commits to the actual project itself. It'll be a total free-for-all if everyone could just commit whatever they wanted to the project, instead a limited number of people have write access and can actually make changes to it.

But everyone has read access, so everyone can see it, but not everyone can actually make changes. Instead the way that you make changes is that you need to make a fork. Now before you even make a fork, I suggest the first thing you do is decide what changes you want to make, what contribution do you have to make. Look at the network, make sure that someone else isn't already working on that change, make sure there is not a branch that's dedicated to that change, and look through the issues list to see if someone has posted there about the problem or the feature and maybe has even started a discussion about it.

There's no sense in duplicating someone else's effort. And then it's also good form for you to post an issue there so that other people can see that you've already staked out this territory. The next thing I want to do is make a fork of the project. This will make your own version of the project on your own GitHub repository. It's no longer part of the main one, and this one you will have write access to. So you go ahead and clone the repository, work with it locally just like you normally would, commit those changes up to your version of the project, and then once you got it all done, it's ready to go, you go back to the GitHub page for the main project, and you issue a Pull Request.

Essentially a Pull Request is like raising your hand and saying I have something here that I want to show you. You submit a message with your request so you identify what the problem was that you saw, or what feature you decided you wanted to add, talk about how you want to do it, and why you think it's good for the project, and if you make the case effectively and your code looks good then they will accept your changes and incorporate them into the main project. They'll grab your branch and merge it in. And then at that point, everyone will have access to your new feature. So that's how you can enable collaboration using Git. The process is little different if you're going to give someone else read/write access or if you're going to work on a project where you don't have write access.

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This video is part of

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Git Essential Training

89 video lessons · 29048 viewers

Kevin Skoglund
Author

 
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  1. 2m 46s
    1. Introduction
      1m 7s
    2. How to use the exercise files
      1m 39s
  2. 20m 24s
    1. Understanding version control
      4m 48s
    2. The history of Git
      7m 58s
    3. About distributed version control
      5m 4s
    4. Who should use Git?
      2m 34s
  3. 26m 12s
    1. Installing Git on a Mac
      3m 44s
    2. Installing Git on Windows
      5m 37s
    3. Installing Git on Linux
      1m 30s
    4. Configuring Git
      7m 29s
    5. Exploring Git auto-completion
      5m 35s
    6. Using Git help
      2m 17s
  4. 15m 49s
    1. Initializing a repository
      1m 58s
    2. Understanding where Git files are stored
      2m 34s
    3. Performing your first commit
      2m 4s
    4. Writing commit messages
      5m 22s
    5. Viewing the commit log
      3m 51s
  5. 17m 44s
    1. Exploring the three-trees architecture
      3m 57s
    2. The Git workflow
      3m 15s
    3. Using hash values (SHA-1)
      4m 7s
    4. Working with the HEAD pointer
      6m 25s
  6. 25m 52s
    1. Adding files
      5m 59s
    2. Editing files
      3m 56s
    3. Viewing changes with diff
      3m 35s
    4. Viewing only staged changes
      2m 28s
    5. Deleting files
      5m 29s
    6. Moving and renaming files
      4m 25s
  7. 19m 18s
    1. Introducing the Explore California web site
      2m 2s
    2. Initializing Git
      3m 48s
    3. Editing the support phone number
      6m 20s
    4. Editing the backpack file name and links
      7m 8s
  8. 38m 45s
    1. Undoing working directory changes
      3m 49s
    2. Unstaging files
      2m 37s
    3. Amending commits
      4m 50s
    4. Retrieving old versions
      4m 7s
    5. Reverting a commit
      3m 12s
    6. Using reset to undo commits
      3m 44s
    7. Demonstrating a soft reset
      4m 8s
    8. Demonstrating a mixed reset
      4m 7s
    9. Demonstrating a hard reset
      5m 8s
    10. Removing untracked files
      3m 3s
  9. 27m 22s
    1. Using .gitignore files
      8m 23s
    2. Understanding what to ignore
      4m 47s
    3. Ignoring files globally
      4m 49s
    4. Ignoring tracked files
      5m 26s
    5. Tracking empty directories
      3m 57s
  10. 26m 51s
    1. Referencing commits
      4m 52s
    2. Exploring tree listings
      3m 46s
    3. Getting more from the commit log
      7m 38s
    4. Viewing commits
      4m 4s
    5. Comparing commits
      6m 31s
  11. 39m 35s
    1. Branching overview
      4m 56s
    2. Viewing and creating branches
      2m 57s
    3. Switching branches
      2m 58s
    4. Creating and switching branches
      4m 53s
    5. Switching branches with uncommitted changes
      3m 26s
    6. Comparing branches
      4m 28s
    7. Renaming branches
      2m 28s
    8. Deleting branches
      4m 18s
    9. Configuring the command prompt to show the branch
      9m 11s
  12. 28m 32s
    1. Merging code
      3m 11s
    2. Using fast-forward merge vs. true merge
      6m 49s
    3. Merging conflicts
      7m 26s
    4. Resolving merge conflicts
      7m 5s
    5. Exploring strategies to reduce merge conflicts
      4m 1s
  13. 14m 34s
    1. Saving changes in the stash
      4m 5s
    2. Viewing stashed changes
      2m 39s
    3. Retrieving stashed changes
      4m 24s
    4. Deleting stashed changes
      3m 26s
  14. 1h 5m
    1. Using local and remote repositories
      6m 38s
    2. Setting up a GitHub account
      5m 39s
    3. Adding a remote repository
      4m 0s
    4. Creating a remote branch
      4m 3s
    5. Cloning a remote repository
      4m 26s
    6. Tracking remote branches
      4m 5s
    7. Pushing changes to a remote repository
      5m 8s
    8. Fetching changes from a remote repository
      5m 47s
    9. Merging in fetched changes
      4m 50s
    10. Checking out remote branches
      3m 22s
    11. Pushing to an updated remote branch
      2m 6s
    12. Deleting a remote branch
      3m 8s
    13. Enabling collaboration
      3m 40s
    14. A collaboration workflow
      8m 43s
  15. 16m 23s
    1. Setting up aliases for common commands
      5m 14s
    2. Using SSH keys for remote login
      2m 56s
    3. Exploring integrated development environments
      1m 4s
    4. Exploring graphical user interfaces
      4m 32s
    5. Understanding Git hosting
      2m 37s
  16. 55s
    1. Goodbye
      55s

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