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This course is a comprehensive guide to the popular digital audio software from Apple, demonstrating the tools and techniques to create, edit, and publish music and podcasts. Author Todd Howard covers the ins and outs of the application, from interfacing with external devices, exploring Apple Loops, and recording instrument and vocal tracks to creating successful mixes, performing edits, and sharing finished projects. Additionally, the course introduces the new features in GarageBand '11, including Flex Time and Groove Matching, which provide powerful methods for editing and tightening up the rhythmic timing of tracks.
We spent some time talking about rhythm and timing in the movie on Groove Matching and how we assigned our syncopated drum track to be our groove track and matched the rhythm of the acoustic guitar track to that by clicking the check box on the left. I'd actually like to do the same thing with our two guitar tracks and click the Groove Match check box on the left. Let them fall in step with that drum loop as well, because the rhythm is a little bit sketchy on some of these little phrases. So I'm just going to feel comfortable clicking those and know that these are nice and clean. I am also noticing one other thing. In the last movie we applied a new preset that we had customized to these two guitar tracks and had called it Fat Stack II.
GarageBand has this habit of renaming your tracks every time you touch anything having to do with the presets, so it's called them both Fat Stack II. I am going to take one second here and click and rename these to Fat Stack Left and Fat stack Right, so they're named the way I'd like them to be. So now that I've groove-matched both of these tracks to that original drum track, I can feel safe in knowing that these are nice and tight. Well, there happens to be some spots where I played something completely in rhythm that is not what I wanted to play.
So what I'm talking about here specifically--I will put the playhead roughly up to the spot where it is and zoom in for you, so we can all see what's going on here-- the rhythm of this one bar, there's sort of an accent on the two of the bar in the Acoustic Guitar track. You see here's bar 16, and here's the first quarter note of bar 16. So that's the 1, 2, and here's where that acoustic guitar accent is. I am noticing that on Fat Stack Left guitar I played that accent just fine, but on Fat Stack I I came right in on the 1. Well, let's say I want to move that to the 2.
I can double-click on this region and open it up in the editor, and you can see that the playhead is actually right here in both windows, so at bar 16. So this is my chord that I want to move over here to the 2. You will see that this cursor in the top half of the editor window is the Flex tool. If I go below the median, it becomes the Selection tool. So you need to make sure you're up on top here. So as I've located the note that I want to move, go ahead and click the Flex Time Marker on that accent, and then take a look up here in the timeline.
I'll move the playhead out of the way. When I hover my Flex tool over that area that I just marked, I get a little arrowhead, a line, and an X. This X will delete that flex edit. If I click it, it just goes away. Or if I hover over the marker, I can click and drag the marker, effectively moving my chord away from where it was in to a new location. I am going to hit Undo because this is important to look at. If I move past this region of highlighted color, GarageBand wants to kind of swallow up that whole chord.
So what it does is when it says, "Ooh! You're moving too far," is it says we probably want to flex this entire next piece. So it goes ahead and selects that as flexible for you automatically. So we can just keep moving this chord out till we position it where we want it on the two of the bar instead of on the one of the bar. So let's listen to it with the metronome on, before I've made the Flex move, from bar 15, so we'll hear one bar of time, and then we'll hear that chord playing on the one, and I am going to solo that track out. And actually I will put it in the middle again, so it's very easy to hear.
(music playing) One more time, I will go back two bars, so we get a little more time to hear. (music playing) So it comes right in on the one. Now when I move it to the two and play it from bar 14. We'll hear 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2 is where it will come in. (music playing) So I've effectively displaced that chord by one beat just by using the Flex tool to click and drag a note into a new place, incredibly easy to do that.
Let me pan that back out to the right, and let's hear both parts together and make sure they're in sync. (music playing) Sounds good. I will even check it out with the acoustic guitar too just to make sure everything is sounding good. (music playing) So that's perfectly flexed in my opinion now. So I am going to scroll to the end of the tune by using my scroll slider to move sideways. And I know that there's something I heard toward the end that I wasn't terribly happy about either in the Fat Stack guitar, so I am going to use this as an opportunity to do one more flex move here.
I am going to play it from about bar 35, zoom back out a little bit and give this a listen. (music playing) Move back a little. (music playing) Yeah, that's where it is, sort of strange. (music playing) I sort of want it to play da, da, da, da, and that last little note is sort of out of time. (music playing) It kind of comes late and sort of feels sloppy and sort of late.
So I think it's in this track. I am going to use Option+Click to center-pan this. It looks like maybe that's the note there. (music playing) Yeah, so that's in the wrong place. I am just not happy with that. Zoom in a little bit, get my Waveform so I can see what I'm doing. (music playing) Click my Flex Time tool and I am going to try a couple of things. Do I want it on the 4, do I want it on the 1? I am not sure.
Let's listen to it on the 4. I am going to go back to bar 33, so we can hear a whole bar. (music playing) Okay, so that felt pretty natural. Da, da, da. I am going to try it on the 1 also and see if that's what I want. (music playing) And that feels really late. I am not into that. I think we want it on the 4, and let's see what happens in the other track, at that same spot.
(music playing) Center that up as well. (music playing) Yeah, it looks like I'm sort of playing a slightly different part there, but I'm hitting on the 4. So I think I am going to be happy with that choice. Pan these back out where they belong and listen to it together from 33. (music playing) Excellent! That sounds good to me. Those are in good shape.
Let's hear that same moment in the mix from almost back to 33. (music playing) Yeah, so now it sounds like that's what I intended to play. Everything is going on that 4. It's that easy to use Flex Time and the Flex tool to move a note or a few notes forward or backward in time to fix rhythmic mistakes or even change a creative idea after the fact. Why not take a few extra minutes to clean up a few problem spots? Your Flex Time edits are always left highlighted so that you know when you've made a Flex Time edit in the past.
So when you come back into your project, you'll always see that color highlight, telling you, hey! I already moved that in the past. So that's a really helpful reminder that you've made flex edits as well.
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