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GarageBand '11 Essential Training
Illustration by John Hersey

Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part


From:

GarageBand '11 Essential Training

with Todd Howard

Video: Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part

Using our new arrangement markers as a guide, as well as some of the musical accents that take place within the guitar part, I'm going to use some different drum loops for each section, so that the song has some dynamics and actually builds to something in the drum part as well. If you click in the upper-left corner of an Apple Loop, you'll see all the variations of that same loop. The Syncopated Pop Drumset loop family has some 39 variations to it. If I change that selection here then the entire song will have the new beat variation. So listen to the song now.
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  1. 2m 17s
    1. Welcome
      1m 13s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 4s
  2. 23m 4s
    1. Connecting instruments, MIDI controllers, mics, audio interfaces, and speakers
      4m 24s
    2. Setting important Mac OS X and GarageBand preferences
      4m 32s
    3. Creating a project with tempo, time signature, and key
      4m 37s
    4. Creating a track
      9m 31s
  3. 25m 42s
    1. Exploring Real Instrument tracks and setting a good input level
      6m 20s
    2. Exploring Software Instrument tracks, keyboard velocity, and MIDI
      6m 59s
    3. Exploring Electric Guitar tracks and monitoring
      7m 48s
    4. Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools
      4m 35s
  4. 10m 23s
    1. Choosing a genre in the Project Chooser
      2m 3s
    2. Auditioning players in the band and hiring new players
      8m 20s
  5. 16m 45s
    1. Browsing and filtering the Apple Loops library
      5m 20s
    2. Dragging Apple Loops into your arrangement and choosing from alts
      6m 33s
    3. Jamming along with your composition
      4m 52s
  6. 35m 11s
    1. Setting tempo, enabling count-in and metronome, and dragging in a drum loop
      5m 22s
    2. Using GarageBand as a scratchpad for recording new ideas
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Arrange track to create song form sections
      3m 1s
    4. Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part
      6m 36s
    5. Recording multiple takes with cycle record
      4m 32s
    6. Punching in a small section of audio
      6m 20s
    7. Using Groove Matching to tighten up the rhythm of a performance
      5m 51s
  7. 33m 56s
    1. Tuning up and tracking a rhythm electric guitar part
      4m 26s
    2. Customizing the guitar sound using amps, stompboxes, and effects
      11m 44s
    3. Using Flex Time to fix a double-tracked rhythm guitar part
      7m 40s
    4. Using Cycle Record to record multiple takes for soloing
      3m 40s
    5. Compositing a final guitar solo from multiple takes
      6m 26s
  8. 19m 25s
    1. Recording a Software Instrument track
      3m 48s
    2. Editing the parameters of Software Instruments
      8m 44s
    3. Editing MIDI notes in the piano roll editor after the performance
      6m 53s
  9. 14m 12s
    1. Recording lead vocals
      6m 39s
    2. Correcting pitch with automatic tuning
      4m 16s
    3. Reordering, duplicating, and deleting song sections using the Arrangement track
      3m 17s
  10. 1h 7m
    1. Creating successful mixes
      7m 4s
    2. Pre-mixing
      15m 31s
    3. Equalizing tracks
      5m 51s
    4. Compressing tracks
      10m 13s
    5. Adding reverb and echo effects to individual tracks
      6m 39s
    6. Creating automated volume and pan moves
      10m 41s
    7. Freezing tracks to improve system performance
      2m 0s
    8. Using master track effects and automating a fade-out
      3m 31s
    9. Creating a final mixdown: Exporting a finished song to disk
      5m 40s
  11. 12m 51s
    1. Sharing your songs with iTunes and burning CDs
      3m 6s
    2. Opening a GarageBand project in Logic
      4m 26s
    3. Archiving GarageBand project files
      5m 19s
  12. 36m 44s
    1. Taking music lessons
      7m 32s
    2. Creating ringtones
      3m 50s
    3. Creating podcasts
      14m 12s
    4. Scoring a movie
      11m 10s
  13. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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GarageBand '11 Essential Training
4h 58m Beginner Jul 29, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course is a comprehensive guide to the popular digital audio software from Apple, demonstrating the tools and techniques to create, edit, and publish music and podcasts. Author Todd Howard covers the ins and outs of the application, from interfacing with external devices, exploring Apple Loops, and recording instrument and vocal tracks to creating successful mixes, performing edits, and sharing finished projects. Additionally, the course introduces the new features in GarageBand '11, including Flex Time and Groove Matching, which provide powerful methods for editing and tightening up the rhythmic timing of tracks.

Topics include:
  • Connecting instruments, MIDI controllers, mics, and speakers
  • Creating a project and specifying tempo, time signature, and key
  • Jumpstarting the recording process with Magic GarageBand
  • Recording real instruments, software instruments, and electric guitar tracks
  • Compositing a final track from multiple takes
  • Creating, naming, and organizing song sections using the Arrangement track
  • Equalizing and compressing tracks
  • Adding reverb and echo effects
  • Sharing songs with iTunes and Logic Pro
  • Archiving GarageBand project files
  • Taking guitar and piano lessons
  • Creating podcasts, movies scores, and ringtones
Subject:
Audio + Music
Software:
GarageBand
Author:
Todd Howard

Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part

Using our new arrangement markers as a guide, as well as some of the musical accents that take place within the guitar part, I'm going to use some different drum loops for each section, so that the song has some dynamics and actually builds to something in the drum part as well. If you click in the upper-left corner of an Apple Loop, you'll see all the variations of that same loop. The Syncopated Pop Drumset loop family has some 39 variations to it. If I change that selection here then the entire song will have the new beat variation. So listen to the song now.

(music playing) So that's actually kind of a neat beat, but it's too energetic for the beginning of that song. So I'm going to go back to what I had with 27 and show you how to choose different loops at different stages in the song from this family, and they are all sort of designed to work together, so they tend to work pretty well. So that you don't have to sit and listen in the audition all 39 of these and pick which ones I want, I've actually gone ahead and made some decisions about where I should change the drum loops throughout the song.

So I'm going to press Play and when I get to the place where I'd like to insert a new drum loop, we're going to split this existing loop and make a change. So we'll take the process one step at a time. We're going to play right now and when we get to the sort of big chord in the verse I'm going to change. So I'll stop it there. (music playing) Okay, so that big chord there, I'm going to hit the left arrow to go back to it, and let's turn the Metronome off because I don't need to hear it right now, and I'm going to zoom in a little bit as well, just so I can see sort of what I'm doing a little bit better.

So once I have the playhead positioned where I want to make the change and drum loop is actually selected-- and you could tell it because it's darker-- I'm going to go Edit > Split or press Command+T, and it will actually cut that loop in half. So now I have two pieces of Syncopated Pop Drumset 27. This one is still looped out to the end, but the first one, it went back to its original state. So if you want to actually fill it in, you're going to have to click that loop again and drag it out to where we are. If I want to change the second one, this time I'm going to actually change it to 31, I can just make a change and now goes from Syncopated Pop Drumset 27 to 31 at the point that I've chosen.

So I can make divisions throughout the song, continue to fill in by clicking and dragging the initial loop and making all of my new selections. So I'll go ahead and do that right now. (music playing) Okay, so those cymbals sort of work well with that last little phrase, but then we kind of go back into the melody again. So I'm going to hit Command+T, fill in loop before, and I'm going to choose 27 to sort of go back to the main feel of the verse. (music playing) Okay, go back to those big chords again, left arrow, Command+T, fill in the loop and go back with 31 again, so we get cymbal hits.

Here is how it sounds going through that transition. (music playing) Okay, Pre-Chorus is time for a new drum beat, so we'll backfill that, and for the Pre-Chorus I actually want to go with 15, which is that really fast beat that we had before. I think it will work really well with that. So let's listen to that and see where that ends. (music playing) Chorus is where it's going to start.

I'll split again, I'll backfill, and I'll choose our chorus, which is going to be Syncopated Pop Drumset 03. (music playing) That's where we go kind of back to halftime again, so I'll split one more time, backfill the loop, and choose 37, which is going to our sort of outro drum pattern.

(music playing) Okay, so you heard that cymbal crash right at the end. I'm going to actually drag the loop to the left, so it doesn't continue on. Hopefully, we can just catch that last cymbal right where the last hit of the guitars go. So see what that looks like. (music playing) It kind of cuts off. It's not going to work. See if we go a little further. (music playing) Okay.

So in this case that's not going to work, so we'll try to find the cymbals crash somewhere else. For now, I'm just going to have that loop end right when the harmonics hit. (music playing) Okay, so kind of be a big ending where drops out except for the harmonics. And one other thing I wanted to do is right before the chorus, we have a spot at the end of the Pre-Chorus where it'd be kind of nice to have a little gap as well. Here's that spot. (music playing) And the beat works going through there, but I sort of envisioned there being a little bit of a sort of hit and hold.

So I'm going to click that back. (music playing) Cool! So now we have got our whole drum arrangement and we hit Home and we'll listen to it. (music playing) Now we have a much more interesting drum part, and the rhythm section is starting to come together.

Now it's time for my favorite instrument, the five-string bass, and that will really tie the room together.

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