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Punching in a small section of audio

From: GarageBand '11 Essential Training

Video: Punching in a small section of audio

I would like to show you how to take care of small problem if you find something that you've recorded that isn't just quite right. You meant to play something differently than you played it. There is a very easy way in GarageBand to do what's called punch in where you can designate an area where GarageBand will automatically begin recording and stop recording so that you can play along and sort of replace a small section of audio. So I need to figure out in my bass part where that place it, because I knew during that take that there is a problem somewhere around the Pre-Chorus. So, I'm going to go ahead and just listen to it.

Punching in a small section of audio

I would like to show you how to take care of small problem if you find something that you've recorded that isn't just quite right. You meant to play something differently than you played it. There is a very easy way in GarageBand to do what's called punch in where you can designate an area where GarageBand will automatically begin recording and stop recording so that you can play along and sort of replace a small section of audio. So I need to figure out in my bass part where that place it, because I knew during that take that there is a problem somewhere around the Pre-Chorus. So, I'm going to go ahead and just listen to it.

I am going to double-click in the ruler so that it starts playing right here. If I put the playhead here and push the spacebar to play, Cycle Record happens to be on, so it sent my playhead back to begin. (music playing) Okay so I heard it there. There's a place where the guitar changes chords and the bass sort of lags behind. Now it might be a little hard to hear, so one nice thing is to be able to sort of isolate an instrument and do what's called soloing it up. I'm going to click on the headphone icon, which will solo the bass and play the middle part of the Pre-Chorus again.

(music playing) Hear how it did that little slide in the middle there, that little boo-doo. That was sort of late. The guitar chord changes and I was reacting hearing oh, there is a chord change and there and fine, it could probably live, but I would really rather replace that Pre-Chorus and really try to nail it since I'll be in instrumental section of the song. I can't even count on it being masked by the vocal or anything. So what we want to do is actually designate the area that you want to punch in by setting the cycle region, and we can just click and drag the ends of this down and make it the right size.

I will go back and grab the beginning of it here. So you might think, "Okay, I will have it punch in right exactly at the Pre-Chorus." Well, the problem with that is you might actually miss a tiny bit of that first note, or you might miss a little bit of the tail end of the last note. I can't have GarageBand cut out too early, so what I'd like to do is pull it back a bar and add a bar, so that I have actually got a little bit of breathing room. So then you probably want to press Play and see exactly what the cycle region sounds like now that you've identified it. You can sort of get used to exactly how long you have when you come in.

I am also going to zoom in, so I can see the area a little bit better, and I will press Play. (music playing) Okay, so I have one, two, three, four, bang. I will turn the Metronome on so you can here it tap out this first four beats. (music playing) Okay, and if I make sure that Count-In is on as well, when I punch, I will actually have four beats from the count- in and then four beats for my breathing room, so that I can actually count eight beats, get into the grove of the song, and maybe even play along during that last little part and then jump into the Pre-Chorus with both feet and nail it.

So I will turn off Soloing, make sure that my bass track is selected, might as well name it too while I am here, Bass Guitar, and Monitoring is on, now that I'm setting it on, and my level is the same as it was before. In fact, I want to make sure I don't change that level. The worst think would be if I do a nice punch-in and the performance is perfect, but I have adjusted the level too much and suddenly the bass is too hot, or not hard hot. It's just a bit of pain to fix that after the fact. So don't mess with your set levels until you are sure you are done with a given part.

After I do my take, GarageBand will cycle around again, allowing me to do a second take, but if I am satisfied, I can just press Stop right when I am done and even if it's cycled around, I can always junk that second bit of a partial take after the fact. (music playing) Much like we did in the movie on dividing our drum loop into individual pieces and being able to choose the alternate loops, we are going to do the same thing with this bass part. The difference is I had take one and two originally and I have one and two during the Pre-Chorus, but I have just recorded a third overlay, a punch-in if you will for the Pre-Chorus.

So I will need to be using Take 2 during the first half of the song, switch over to Take 3 during the Pre-Chorus and the switch back to Take 2 for the rest of the track. The way to do that is to put the playhead at the place you want to make the division, click on the Bass Track, Command+T to Split, and I'll use the right arrow to get to the end of the Pre-Chorus and Command+T to split again. I'll zoom back out a little bit. Now we have got three bass regions. There's no such thing as Take 4 up here because I didn't even play anything there, so we can go ahead and switch back to Take 2.

I know that's the one I wanted to use. Take 4 is that tiny little tag of a cycle region when I came back around and it started almost trying to record again, so that's not even a real take. In fact, we would even go delete Take 4 and get rid of that from the list entirely. "Selected Take will be deleted from the region," Absolutely, goodbye. And there's my Take 3. So there is my punch-in and then on the rest of the song, we go back to Take 2 as well. So let's listen to it right now and I will turn Cycle Region off, so it can manually play through here as I would like to, and we will listen to how it sounds and then make adjustments if we have to.

First of all, let's listen to it soloed and hear the punch. (music playing) Well, that's sounded nearly perfect, and GarageBand really does a nice job cross- fading between the old take and the new take. You don't even have to worry about cleaning up that edit at all. As far as I'm concerned, that's a done deal.

I will go back and play the whole section with the whole song in. (music playing) And that's how easy it is to punch in a section of audio and just push your recorded compositions that much further.

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This video is part of

Image for GarageBand '11 Essential Training
GarageBand '11 Essential Training

50 video lessons · 23147 viewers

Todd Howard
Author

 
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  1. 2m 17s
    1. Welcome
      1m 13s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 4s
  2. 23m 4s
    1. Connecting instruments, MIDI controllers, mics, audio interfaces, and speakers
      4m 24s
    2. Setting important Mac OS X and GarageBand preferences
      4m 32s
    3. Creating a project with tempo, time signature, and key
      4m 37s
    4. Creating a track
      9m 31s
  3. 25m 42s
    1. Exploring Real Instrument tracks and setting a good input level
      6m 20s
    2. Exploring Software Instrument tracks, keyboard velocity, and MIDI
      6m 59s
    3. Exploring Electric Guitar tracks and monitoring
      7m 48s
    4. Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools
      4m 35s
  4. 10m 23s
    1. Choosing a genre in the Project Chooser
      2m 3s
    2. Auditioning players in the band and hiring new players
      8m 20s
  5. 16m 45s
    1. Browsing and filtering the Apple Loops library
      5m 20s
    2. Dragging Apple Loops into your arrangement and choosing from alts
      6m 33s
    3. Jamming along with your composition
      4m 52s
  6. 35m 11s
    1. Setting tempo, enabling count-in and metronome, and dragging in a drum loop
      5m 22s
    2. Using GarageBand as a scratchpad for recording new ideas
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Arrange track to create song form sections
      3m 1s
    4. Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part
      6m 36s
    5. Recording multiple takes with cycle record
      4m 32s
    6. Punching in a small section of audio
      6m 20s
    7. Using Groove Matching to tighten up the rhythm of a performance
      5m 51s
  7. 33m 56s
    1. Tuning up and tracking a rhythm electric guitar part
      4m 26s
    2. Customizing the guitar sound using amps, stompboxes, and effects
      11m 44s
    3. Using Flex Time to fix a double-tracked rhythm guitar part
      7m 40s
    4. Using Cycle Record to record multiple takes for soloing
      3m 40s
    5. Compositing a final guitar solo from multiple takes
      6m 26s
  8. 19m 25s
    1. Recording a Software Instrument track
      3m 48s
    2. Editing the parameters of Software Instruments
      8m 44s
    3. Editing MIDI notes in the piano roll editor after the performance
      6m 53s
  9. 14m 12s
    1. Recording lead vocals
      6m 39s
    2. Correcting pitch with automatic tuning
      4m 16s
    3. Reordering, duplicating, and deleting song sections using the Arrangement track
      3m 17s
  10. 1h 7m
    1. Creating successful mixes
      7m 4s
    2. Pre-mixing
      15m 31s
    3. Equalizing tracks
      5m 51s
    4. Compressing tracks
      10m 13s
    5. Adding reverb and echo effects to individual tracks
      6m 39s
    6. Creating automated volume and pan moves
      10m 41s
    7. Freezing tracks to improve system performance
      2m 0s
    8. Using master track effects and automating a fade-out
      3m 31s
    9. Creating a final mixdown: Exporting a finished song to disk
      5m 40s
  11. 12m 51s
    1. Sharing your songs with iTunes and burning CDs
      3m 6s
    2. Opening a GarageBand project in Logic
      4m 26s
    3. Archiving GarageBand project files
      5m 19s
  12. 36m 44s
    1. Taking music lessons
      7m 32s
    2. Creating ringtones
      3m 50s
    3. Creating podcasts
      14m 12s
    4. Scoring a movie
      11m 10s
  13. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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