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Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools

From: GarageBand '11 Essential Training

Video: Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools

Rather than choosing different tools for interacting with audio regions from a tool panel, GarageBand's main cursor has many of its tools built in and become active depending on where you hover your mouse. So let's actually get an audio loop in here, so we can show this example, okay. Clicking on Loops in the lower right, I am going to click on Drums, and we will find a drumbeat here. Let's try--hear sample of couple of these funk beats. Actually, I am going to slow their tempo down a bit too, because we are still up at 157. So I will go down to around where they were created at.

Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools

Rather than choosing different tools for interacting with audio regions from a tool panel, GarageBand's main cursor has many of its tools built in and become active depending on where you hover your mouse. So let's actually get an audio loop in here, so we can show this example, okay. Clicking on Loops in the lower right, I am going to click on Drums, and we will find a drumbeat here. Let's try--hear sample of couple of these funk beats. Actually, I am going to slow their tempo down a bit too, because we are still up at 157. So I will go down to around where they were created at.

(music playing) This one will be a good example. So I am going to drag it in to a new track. I am going to put at bar two. You may have noticed I have been doing that throughout the course, starting things at bar two. I like to always leave at least one bar, if not more, space before any given song begins, in case you want to actually have a little time before something begins. And we'll get into doing a count-in and setting the metronome and stuff. I will show you why that can be valuable later. But for now, that's why I continue to drag things into bar two.

This loop break here, it's an audio region. It's on a real instrument track. I am going to use this slider in the lower left here to zoom in just a little bit, so you have a little more view on our file here. Vintage Funk Kit 04 is a stereo audio file. I can tell that because I can see both left and the right waveforms. And by hovering my mouse in the center of the audio region, or anywhere in the heart of this colored bar, I can actually click with the standard cursor to select, click out to deselect. That's the way that you can actually interact with the region itself. You can even click and drag left or right to reposition it in time, have it, say, for instance, play later in the song or earlier in the song.

If I hover over the lower-left corner, my cursor becomes a trim tool. It allows me to click and drag the head of the region to the right, eliminating some of the audio material at the beginning of the region. Let's listen to that Trim edit. (music playing) Okay. I'm going to hit Home to go back to the beginning and for the moment I am going to turn off the metronome as well, because we don't need to hear that for this example. And keep in mind that you can only trim back out again as far as you had original audio material, so there is no way that I can trim past the start point of what this loop originally was.

So the trim tool is kind of about taking away from one of the directions, from either the head of the region or the tail of the region. So the lower right-hand corner, my cursor becomes a trim tool as well and allows me to take out a portion of my audio region. So now I just have the first four beats of this loop. (music playing) And finally, by positioning the mouse over the top-right corner of any given audio region, the cursor becomes a loop tool. This allows you to click and drag to the right, effectively looping the audio region as many times as you'd like.

(music playing) Okay. I'll press Undo and Home to go back to the beginning. Now that we have a four-beat loop, which was originally and eight-beat loop, let me make this six beats by trimming the end and then looping, and you will notice that what I've looped, as I press play here, is the six beats. (music playing) And you kind of hear that skip.

Basically, we have this bizarre 6/4 loop going on right now that really kind of isn't well suited for this type of beat. I mean you could argue that it's fine, but to me it sounds strange. So the point I would like to make about looping at six beats is if you actually want to modify the trim of an audio region that's already looped, as you click and drag to retrim the region, you'll notice that all of your loop instances adjust to accommodate. So I have brought this down to now be only two beats long, and my entire original audio region is now only two beats, so the loop that keeps repeating is those two beats. (music playing) So if I make that go back out to its original size, I can drag out to a full eight beats, and my loops are now going to include all eight beats.

(music playing) So if you have trimmed your region, the Loop tool will only loop the part of the region that's currently visible, and will disregard any audio that's not currently revealed. When you want to trim or loop a region in your timeline GarageBand makes it easy by offering a context-sensitive cursor instead of a traditional toolbar.

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This video is part of

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GarageBand '11 Essential Training

50 video lessons · 23527 viewers

Todd Howard
Author

 
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  1. 2m 17s
    1. Welcome
      1m 13s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 4s
  2. 23m 4s
    1. Connecting instruments, MIDI controllers, mics, audio interfaces, and speakers
      4m 24s
    2. Setting important Mac OS X and GarageBand preferences
      4m 32s
    3. Creating a project with tempo, time signature, and key
      4m 37s
    4. Creating a track
      9m 31s
  3. 25m 42s
    1. Exploring Real Instrument tracks and setting a good input level
      6m 20s
    2. Exploring Software Instrument tracks, keyboard velocity, and MIDI
      6m 59s
    3. Exploring Electric Guitar tracks and monitoring
      7m 48s
    4. Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools
      4m 35s
  4. 10m 23s
    1. Choosing a genre in the Project Chooser
      2m 3s
    2. Auditioning players in the band and hiring new players
      8m 20s
  5. 16m 45s
    1. Browsing and filtering the Apple Loops library
      5m 20s
    2. Dragging Apple Loops into your arrangement and choosing from alts
      6m 33s
    3. Jamming along with your composition
      4m 52s
  6. 35m 11s
    1. Setting tempo, enabling count-in and metronome, and dragging in a drum loop
      5m 22s
    2. Using GarageBand as a scratchpad for recording new ideas
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Arrange track to create song form sections
      3m 1s
    4. Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part
      6m 36s
    5. Recording multiple takes with cycle record
      4m 32s
    6. Punching in a small section of audio
      6m 20s
    7. Using Groove Matching to tighten up the rhythm of a performance
      5m 51s
  7. 33m 56s
    1. Tuning up and tracking a rhythm electric guitar part
      4m 26s
    2. Customizing the guitar sound using amps, stompboxes, and effects
      11m 44s
    3. Using Flex Time to fix a double-tracked rhythm guitar part
      7m 40s
    4. Using Cycle Record to record multiple takes for soloing
      3m 40s
    5. Compositing a final guitar solo from multiple takes
      6m 26s
  8. 19m 25s
    1. Recording a Software Instrument track
      3m 48s
    2. Editing the parameters of Software Instruments
      8m 44s
    3. Editing MIDI notes in the piano roll editor after the performance
      6m 53s
  9. 14m 12s
    1. Recording lead vocals
      6m 39s
    2. Correcting pitch with automatic tuning
      4m 16s
    3. Reordering, duplicating, and deleting song sections using the Arrangement track
      3m 17s
  10. 1h 7m
    1. Creating successful mixes
      7m 4s
    2. Pre-mixing
      15m 31s
    3. Equalizing tracks
      5m 51s
    4. Compressing tracks
      10m 13s
    5. Adding reverb and echo effects to individual tracks
      6m 39s
    6. Creating automated volume and pan moves
      10m 41s
    7. Freezing tracks to improve system performance
      2m 0s
    8. Using master track effects and automating a fade-out
      3m 31s
    9. Creating a final mixdown: Exporting a finished song to disk
      5m 40s
  11. 12m 51s
    1. Sharing your songs with iTunes and burning CDs
      3m 6s
    2. Opening a GarageBand project in Logic
      4m 26s
    3. Archiving GarageBand project files
      5m 19s
  12. 36m 44s
    1. Taking music lessons
      7m 32s
    2. Creating ringtones
      3m 50s
    3. Creating podcasts
      14m 12s
    4. Scoring a movie
      11m 10s
  13. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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