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This course is a comprehensive guide to the popular digital audio software from Apple, demonstrating the tools and techniques to create, edit, and publish music and podcasts. Author Todd Howard covers the ins and outs of the application, from interfacing with external devices, exploring Apple Loops, and recording instrument and vocal tracks to creating successful mixes, performing edits, and sharing finished projects. Additionally, the course introduces the new features in GarageBand '11, including Flex Time and Groove Matching, which provide powerful methods for editing and tightening up the rhythmic timing of tracks.
Another really great feature in GarageBand is the ability to quickly and easily create and author your own podcast episodes. One of the templates in the main GarageBand project chooser is called Podcast, and if you double-click that and give your podcast a name, and save it off to your music folder or the place you're saving your GarageBand projects. You will see what looks like a new interface in some ways, but in many ways it's just GarageBand skinned a little bit differently. One of the things that you're seeing here is the Podcast Track itself is being shown and that's available in the Hide and Show Podcast Selection of the Track menu.
You'll see a small selection of tracks that have already been created, one for a male voice, one for a female voice. These are simply starting places and you can either delete them by selecting them and pressing Command+Delete or create new tracks for yourself for whatever you might need to create in your podcast. Down at the bottom, you'll also notice when you click the Podcast Track that there's sort of a new view down here that talks about adding markers, chapters, and URLs and we'll go through this in this movie, and also on the right-hand side the Track Info panel is replaced with some information that's known as metadata.
So the Title, the Artist, Composer, Parental Advisory where you can say whether your podcast is R-rated or cleaner than R-rated, and it's nice to let people know what type of content you have, especially if you're going to be releasing your podcast to the iTunes Store podcast directory, and also a description of your podcast. I am going to simply go open up a new file, not save the one we are just looking at and open up my MR Podcast project where I've actually already got a few things started here to work with so that we can look at some of the unique things about creating a podcast in GarageBand.
So all the same things apply. You still have your zooming. Your tracks are the same, all the selection tools and cursors are still applicable. What I've got here in our main Timeline now is a voiceover track which I've recorded, which is me speaking, doing the announcer thing. We've got a Music Bed for which I used the easier to find song with no vocal. I exported it by muting the vocal track and doing a Share > Export Song to Disk and then imported the file. All of your media assets, your audio files that are in iTunes, your photos that are in iPhoto, are all available by clicking the Media Browser button in the lower-right corner.
You'll see that right now I am looking at my iTunes Library listed for me here and so when I made that export I included it here in iTunes and I was able to drag that in and have the instrumental version of the song play as our background bed. You can also look at your iPhotos and also movies that you might have created in iMovie so that you can do scoring or other things. For our purposes here, I am going to use the iPhoto view to grab a piece of artwork that I created, basically the cover art for this show, MR, the Music Review Podcast.
I can click and drag this into my Podcast Track by selecting the Podcast Track, and dragging my artwork into the Drag Artwork Here. Well, now I've actually got an image that will be saved as the cover art for this podcast show. So in iTunes it will show up as my album cover, if you will, for the podcast. So let's just play the beginning of this. I created a track for some audio sound effects here and used something from the Loops browser. I go into my Podcast Sounds View button and look at all the Jingles, Stingers, Sound Effects, that are available in GarageBand for all sorts of crazy uses.
I mean, there are sounds you can use for your show. There are strange Foley sounds like, Bubbles, Bell Tower, all sorts of things. There is a great library stuff that you can explore. I found the Record Player Static to be kind of an interesting way to start a show that was going to be about music and also feature that instrumental music coming in. So let's just play it from the beginning, and I'll listen in to the first little portion of the voiceover. (Music playing) (Male speaker: Hey everybody and welcome back to MR, the Music Review Podcast.) Now one thing that you've probably noticed is as soon as I started speaking, my voice was too quiet.
The music and the voice were competing with each other and roughly at the same level. (Music playing) Now, one thing you're tempted to do at that point is of course turn up the voice or maybe even turn down the music. Well, when you're putting together a podcast show or something that follows sort of the format of radio editing and radio style audio production, we want that Music Bed to kind of duck down out of the way under the voice when it comes in, almost like you reached over to the Fader and pulled the volume down a little bit.
As we learned in earlier movies, you could always create some automation and do some track volume adjustment. But GarageBand includes a cool feature for doing podcast where this situation happens an awful lot and they refer to it as ducking, and these buttons that you see over here to the left of the panning knobs are our ducking controls. Now, the way that it works is you tell GarageBand which tracks you want to favor and which tracks you want to be subordinate to those, and the quickest way to do that is to select your dominant track first. In this case, the male voice, and you do that by clicking the Up arrow in the top of the ducking controls.
What this does is designate the male voice track to be our prominent track and any of the other tracks that have the downward facing blue arrow will lower in volume when that track exists. So GarageBand actually is able to listen to know when there is audio on that track. So in the silence this music track is playing loud and as soon as the voice track comes in, this volume will go down based on this selection here. So let's take a listen and see how that works. (Music playing) (Male speaker: Hey everybody and welcome back to MR, the Music Review Podcast. I'm your host, as always, Todd Howard and it's great to be back?) So now you can actually hear the entire narration, but the music is still there.
And if you want to adjust the behavior of your ducking controls, you can always pop over in the Podcast Track, under Track Info to Master Track, under Edit, and adjust your ducking controls here just by clicking and making some selections and choices that suit your taste and the style of show that you're doing of course as well. Something else that's a great fun way to enhance your podcast is if you're able to deliver your podcast as AAC files as opposed to MP3, you can include chapter markers and additional artwork as well as web site URLs into the podcast itself that users can react to by clicking on in iTunes or viewing and selecting on their iPhones and iPods, but you have to actually be using iTunes to view AAC files.
So please know that if you are interested in reaching a wide audience, some of them may not have iTunes or Apple products that are able to view them, you need to make sure you make an MP3 version and an AAC version and be aware that the MP3 version will not contain the features that we're about to cover. So what's cool about chapter markers is let's say you actually had a fairly long podcast, maybe an hour long, and there are maybe eight acts or eight main subjects. Maybe it's a news show and you want to mark them all as individual news stories that they are going to be covering.
You can create chapters and name them after those stories and then when a user is listening to it in iTunes, they can hop around chapter to chapter and not be required to listen to the entire show straight through. So it lets you have easy access. The way that you create a chapter in GarageBand is to place the playhead somewhere in the Timeline and click the Add Marker. Now a marker can do a number of things. So let me create a marker and then we'll explore the three or four things you can do with a marker. Now, I know that somewhere here later in the podcast I've already included a couple of pictures of guitars to symbolize some music reviews we're doing of instruments.
(Male speaker: We'll check out the Breedlove 5 string and the Takamine 4 string. We'll compare and contrast?) You can see how those images changed up here. This is giving you a nice little view of what your listener will see on their device when your podcast is playing. The artwork shows by default all the time unless there is a marker with artwork included. So we'll watch here again and see. (Music playing) (Male speaker: We'll check out the Breedlove 5 string and the Takamine 4 string.) So you've got a way to show them images as things are going by. Now if you actually have a web site URL that you maybe want to include, let's say I want to go to Breedlove's web site when I show that guitar, I can include the URL here and you'll want to include the entire HTTP address that will take users to the site that you want to draw their attention to.
Sometimes it's good for sponsors. If you're having someone sponsor your show and you want to be able to link to them, that's something you can describe to them as a benefit of sponsoring your show so you'll be able to link users out using the enhanced AAC podcasts from GarageBand. So I am going to place the playhead later where I mentioned the club, The T, and in my Media Library I have a logo for The T-Club right here and we'll figure out where we want to put it, and then we'll cover these other features here in Add Markers. (Male speaker: ?performing at The T?) Okay, it's right there. Get it right at "performing at the." (Male speaker: ?performing at The T?) So right there is where I want that graphic to come up and where I want the marker to be.
So I will place a marker by clicking Add Marker and it assumes now that this marker is going to take users to a place that begins what is the rest of the show. So by default, it throws in this whole big block, assuming that that's going to be your marker. So I will call this one The T. If you don't include a chapter title, then the marker does not behave like a chapter in enhanced podcasts. So currently, I have the chapter called Reviews here which if someone selects that will take them to the place where they're going see two graphics that come up in a row.
So that's why the second guitar doesn't actually have a title. So I will drag my T Club graphic into the well and now I've got a new graphic. So we came out of the default, which is the show art, and went into the T and here's how you decide where you are going to end a given graphic. Let me pull this back up so we can see what we're doing here. Look back and view from here. (Male speaker: ?performing at The T, the fair city's best nightclub for catching new, up-and-coming performers playing all original music.) So that's where I want it to end. I can use my Trim tool to click and drag the end of the T graphic to meet my playhead or-- I will press Undo-- I can create a new marker and it'll chop us off there and that will be the end of the T, and this one will now have no artwork defaulting back to our main view for the rest of the show.
Now, this just sort of becomes a placeholder at this point. You can select markers by clicking on them and highlighting the row, using your Delete key to delete them, or making alterations to the check boxes on the left by selecting it and saying I don't actually want to display artwork after all, and turn that off there. So I will just close my Podcast Preview and now that let's say our podcast is done. We love how it sounds, the end is good. (Male speaker: See you on the other side!) Cool! So that's our podcast. This one is only a minute long.
So now all that remains is getting our podcast out of GarageBand and into the world and the way we do that is by choosing from the Share menu either Send Podcast to iTunes, which will immediately export and save it in iTunes. If you are an iWeb user and have your web site created using the iWeb tool in the iLife suite from Apple, you can choose Send Podcast to iWeb and it will automatically create a new page for your podcast over in iWeb, allowing you to edit and upload your web page very quickly, or you can just save the file off to disk and do what you like with it.
I am going to send it to iTunes. I make sure I've included my metadata. And since I want this to be an AAC to include all my artwork I am going to choose the AAC Encoder. If you're also doing MP3, you can come back again and select Share > Send to iTunes and then choose MP3 and make any other adjustments you need to there. The Audio Settings are just some compression settings that are sort of preset. If your podcast is only spoken words, choose the Spoken Podcast and it will have the ability to bring the file size down without hurting the quality.
If you have music or other things that require high-delivery quality, then you want to choose one of these or the iTunes Plus format and Custom is available as well so you can make your own choices about how exactly you'd like to compress your podcast. We can also set the artwork for recommended size. This is here because I created this a little bit larger at 600, or we can uncheck it to send the full file through. I'll click Share. Make a nice mixdown and over in iTunes we now have the playlist and the podcast.
(Music playing) (Male speaker in fast forward, inaudible) So, there it is! I can right-click and Show in Finder. I now have my M4A file that I can do with anything I like, upload it with an FTP application, send it to someone in an email. For now, let's look at how you can announce this podcast in the iTunes Store and share it that way, because the iTunes Store podcast directory is probably one of the largest if not the largest online podcast directories and probably the de facto place for people to subscribe to podcasts.
So getting your podcast up on iTunes is probably a good idea if you'd like to share it with the world, so to speak. Go to the iTunes Store and click on Podcasts in the top menu and then on the right-hand side you'll see Submit a Podcast. If you actually have hosted your podcast with your web provider or on your own or with iWeb, you will have a podcast feed URL. That's the RSS feed that is supporting your podcast. So once you have that created, you can paste that URL here and click Continue and submit your podcast and it takes a little while to show up in iTunes, but that is a place that anyone can go to search for your podcast, leave you reviews, recommend to others, share to others, use Ping, share it.
So that's a great thing to do if you actually want to get your podcast out there. That's how easy it is to create and edit a podcast in GarageBand. If you've always wanted to be a broadcaster, now it's your chance to make up your own show and export it and get it out there into the iTunes Store and share what you have to say with the world.
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