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This course is a comprehensive guide to the popular digital audio software from Apple, demonstrating the tools and techniques to create, edit, and publish music and podcasts. Author Todd Howard covers the ins and outs of the application, from interfacing with external devices, exploring Apple Loops, and recording instrument and vocal tracks to creating successful mixes, performing edits, and sharing finished projects. Additionally, the course introduces the new features in GarageBand '11, including Flex Time and Groove Matching, which provide powerful methods for editing and tightening up the rhythmic timing of tracks.
Automatic Tuning is a feature in GarageBand that you can use to help get notes in tune, get them on pitch. If you have some vocal parts maybe that are little flat or little sharp or maybe even other instruments as well, and it works particularly well with vocals, but it also should be noted that GarageBand's implementation of Automatic Tuning is not quite as sophisticated as some of the ones that you find in some of the higher-end digital audio applications, but nonetheless it actually can be very helpful. There's a spot here in the second half of the verse where I sing it a little bit flat.
It's not offensively out of tune, but it's a straight major scale melody. So in my opinion it probably should be nailed. I am going to go ahead and use Automatic Tuning to kind of get it back in place. So let's find that spot. It's actually during the word "rearrange" in the lyric and actually it's the note I sing on the syllable "re" of rearrange, so let's double-click the Verse audio region to open it in the Editor. I can even zoom out just a little bit, so we can actually see what's going on here.
So let's find out where that note actually is. (Music playing) So re is right in there, one more time. (Music playing) Using the left arrow, let's go back to that place and over here in the left you will see Automatic Tuning. So there is a slider, and like many of the other functions in GarageBand we looked at it in Quantizing earlier, the further to the right you slide it the more 100% of the effect it's applying.
So Automatic Tuning when you crank it all the way up to 100, it takes every single note that sung and it force- matches it into 100% in-tune-ness, and frankly what ends up happening is it ends up sounding a little bit robotic, a little bit. Actually like a lot of modern music, there is a lot of vocal parts that sort of have this sound to it. A playback to this part. In fact I will solo it and play it back for you so you can hear that line completely auto- tuned, and actually let me add one more thing.
Limit to Key says, okay, we are in the key of a major, just step over to my Project Settings. A Major is the key, so it's not going to think that that note should be a D. It should actually be a C Sharp. Because that's the third of A Major. So if we don't Limit to Key and your notes are really out of tune, sometimes GarageBand can give you a lot of strange results. So if you know what key your song is in and your project is set, you might as well use Limit to Key. So let's take a listen to that line. (Music playing) [00:02:41.7 0] Okay, so that's an effect I am sure you've heard before.
Let me turn it off so we can hear it again without. (Music playing) And one more time with - (Music playing) You can almost hear it jumping from note-to-note. It's almost like a little stairstep. So just like bringing the Quantizing away from max to introduce some human quality to it, we can do the same with Auto-Tuning and I find somewhere around the 20%, 30%, 40% range, tends to do a little bit of tuning for you but doesn't have that sort of robotic sound to it.
So let's try it here. (Music playing) And hear it back in the mix, which is always where it's most telling. (Music playing) So that's a little more in tune. So this sort of application of Auto- Tuning to this vocal part somewhere in the 30-40 range is probably going to be decent and I will go ahead leave it on this track and sort of allow it to put me just a little bit more in tune. And whether or not this is cheating it is something I will leave to you and your friends and your fellow musicians to debate.
Let's check out the chorus. (Music playing)
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