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Correcting pitch with automatic tuning

From: GarageBand '11 Essential Training

Video: Correcting pitch with automatic tuning

Automatic Tuning is a feature in GarageBand that you can use to help get notes in tune, get them on pitch. If you have some vocal parts maybe that are little flat or little sharp or maybe even other instruments as well, and it works particularly well with vocals, but it also should be noted that GarageBand's implementation of Automatic Tuning is not quite as sophisticated as some of the ones that you find in some of the higher-end digital audio applications, but nonetheless it actually can be very helpful. There's a spot here in the second half of the verse where I sing it a little bit flat.

Correcting pitch with automatic tuning

Automatic Tuning is a feature in GarageBand that you can use to help get notes in tune, get them on pitch. If you have some vocal parts maybe that are little flat or little sharp or maybe even other instruments as well, and it works particularly well with vocals, but it also should be noted that GarageBand's implementation of Automatic Tuning is not quite as sophisticated as some of the ones that you find in some of the higher-end digital audio applications, but nonetheless it actually can be very helpful. There's a spot here in the second half of the verse where I sing it a little bit flat.

It's not offensively out of tune, but it's a straight major scale melody. So in my opinion it probably should be nailed. I am going to go ahead and use Automatic Tuning to kind of get it back in place. So let's find that spot. It's actually during the word "rearrange" in the lyric and actually it's the note I sing on the syllable "re" of rearrange, so let's double-click the Verse audio region to open it in the Editor. I can even zoom out just a little bit, so we can actually see what's going on here.

So let's find out where that note actually is. (Music playing) So re is right in there, one more time. (Music playing) Using the left arrow, let's go back to that place and over here in the left you will see Automatic Tuning. So there is a slider, and like many of the other functions in GarageBand we looked at it in Quantizing earlier, the further to the right you slide it the more 100% of the effect it's applying.

So Automatic Tuning when you crank it all the way up to 100, it takes every single note that sung and it force- matches it into 100% in-tune-ness, and frankly what ends up happening is it ends up sounding a little bit robotic, a little bit. Actually like a lot of modern music, there is a lot of vocal parts that sort of have this sound to it. A playback to this part. In fact I will solo it and play it back for you so you can hear that line completely auto- tuned, and actually let me add one more thing.

Limit to Key says, okay, we are in the key of a major, just step over to my Project Settings. A Major is the key, so it's not going to think that that note should be a D. It should actually be a C Sharp. Because that's the third of A Major. So if we don't Limit to Key and your notes are really out of tune, sometimes GarageBand can give you a lot of strange results. So if you know what key your song is in and your project is set, you might as well use Limit to Key. So let's take a listen to that line. (Music playing) [00:02:41.7 0] Okay, so that's an effect I am sure you've heard before.

Let me turn it off so we can hear it again without. (Music playing) And one more time with - (Music playing) You can almost hear it jumping from note-to-note. It's almost like a little stairstep. So just like bringing the Quantizing away from max to introduce some human quality to it, we can do the same with Auto-Tuning and I find somewhere around the 20%, 30%, 40% range, tends to do a little bit of tuning for you but doesn't have that sort of robotic sound to it.

So let's try it here. (Music playing) And hear it back in the mix, which is always where it's most telling. (Music playing) So that's a little more in tune. So this sort of application of Auto- Tuning to this vocal part somewhere in the 30-40 range is probably going to be decent and I will go ahead leave it on this track and sort of allow it to put me just a little bit more in tune. And whether or not this is cheating it is something I will leave to you and your friends and your fellow musicians to debate.

Let's check out the chorus. (Music playing)

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This video is part of

Image for GarageBand '11 Essential Training
GarageBand '11 Essential Training

50 video lessons · 23192 viewers

Todd Howard
Author

 
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  1. 2m 17s
    1. Welcome
      1m 13s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 4s
  2. 23m 4s
    1. Connecting instruments, MIDI controllers, mics, audio interfaces, and speakers
      4m 24s
    2. Setting important Mac OS X and GarageBand preferences
      4m 32s
    3. Creating a project with tempo, time signature, and key
      4m 37s
    4. Creating a track
      9m 31s
  3. 25m 42s
    1. Exploring Real Instrument tracks and setting a good input level
      6m 20s
    2. Exploring Software Instrument tracks, keyboard velocity, and MIDI
      6m 59s
    3. Exploring Electric Guitar tracks and monitoring
      7m 48s
    4. Positioning the cursor on audio regions to access different tools
      4m 35s
  4. 10m 23s
    1. Choosing a genre in the Project Chooser
      2m 3s
    2. Auditioning players in the band and hiring new players
      8m 20s
  5. 16m 45s
    1. Browsing and filtering the Apple Loops library
      5m 20s
    2. Dragging Apple Loops into your arrangement and choosing from alts
      6m 33s
    3. Jamming along with your composition
      4m 52s
  6. 35m 11s
    1. Setting tempo, enabling count-in and metronome, and dragging in a drum loop
      5m 22s
    2. Using GarageBand as a scratchpad for recording new ideas
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Arrange track to create song form sections
      3m 1s
    4. Splitting Apple Loops and choosing alternates to build a drum part
      6m 36s
    5. Recording multiple takes with cycle record
      4m 32s
    6. Punching in a small section of audio
      6m 20s
    7. Using Groove Matching to tighten up the rhythm of a performance
      5m 51s
  7. 33m 56s
    1. Tuning up and tracking a rhythm electric guitar part
      4m 26s
    2. Customizing the guitar sound using amps, stompboxes, and effects
      11m 44s
    3. Using Flex Time to fix a double-tracked rhythm guitar part
      7m 40s
    4. Using Cycle Record to record multiple takes for soloing
      3m 40s
    5. Compositing a final guitar solo from multiple takes
      6m 26s
  8. 19m 25s
    1. Recording a Software Instrument track
      3m 48s
    2. Editing the parameters of Software Instruments
      8m 44s
    3. Editing MIDI notes in the piano roll editor after the performance
      6m 53s
  9. 14m 12s
    1. Recording lead vocals
      6m 39s
    2. Correcting pitch with automatic tuning
      4m 16s
    3. Reordering, duplicating, and deleting song sections using the Arrangement track
      3m 17s
  10. 1h 7m
    1. Creating successful mixes
      7m 4s
    2. Pre-mixing
      15m 31s
    3. Equalizing tracks
      5m 51s
    4. Compressing tracks
      10m 13s
    5. Adding reverb and echo effects to individual tracks
      6m 39s
    6. Creating automated volume and pan moves
      10m 41s
    7. Freezing tracks to improve system performance
      2m 0s
    8. Using master track effects and automating a fade-out
      3m 31s
    9. Creating a final mixdown: Exporting a finished song to disk
      5m 40s
  11. 12m 51s
    1. Sharing your songs with iTunes and burning CDs
      3m 6s
    2. Opening a GarageBand project in Logic
      4m 26s
    3. Archiving GarageBand project files
      5m 19s
  12. 36m 44s
    1. Taking music lessons
      7m 32s
    2. Creating ringtones
      3m 50s
    3. Creating podcasts
      14m 12s
    4. Scoring a movie
      11m 10s
  13. 53s
    1. Goodbye
      53s

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