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Layer basics

From: Finale 2012 Essential Training

Video: Layer basics

Classical guitar, piano, and choral music are good examples of genres that often incorporate multiple independent voices on a single stave. To enter this kind of music in Finale, we'll need to learn how to use layers. So go ahead and open the file that's in the 6_01 folder, and then we're going to create another file to work on. So I am going to go up to the File menu and I'll choose New > Document From Template, and then I am going to go in the Choir Templates folder and choose the SATB (2- plus Piano. Now I am choosing that one because that will give us two staves where I can put the soprano and alto in the top stave and the tenor and the bass in the bottom stave.

Layer basics

Classical guitar, piano, and choral music are good examples of genres that often incorporate multiple independent voices on a single stave. To enter this kind of music in Finale, we'll need to learn how to use layers. So go ahead and open the file that's in the 6_01 folder, and then we're going to create another file to work on. So I am going to go up to the File menu and I'll choose New > Document From Template, and then I am going to go in the Choir Templates folder and choose the SATB (2- plus Piano. Now I am choosing that one because that will give us two staves where I can put the soprano and alto in the top stave and the tenor and the bass in the bottom stave.

So I am going to go ahead and click Open and that's going to kick us into the Document Setup Wizard, and I'll go ahead and type in the Title information. I'll click the Next button. We are going to be in 4/4. We need the key of D, so I'll click the scroll bar twice to add two sharps and then I'll go ahead and click Finish. I am going to maximize this briefly. Now you notice that we've got the soprano, alto, tenor, bass parts, and I've got a piano staff. Now I actually don't need the piano staff. So I am going to choose the Staff tool and I am going to click the piano part and I am going to Shift+Click the bass clef so I've got both clefs selected.

Then I am going to go up to the Staff menu and I am going to choose Delete Staves and Reposition. Now you notice that that got rid of the piano part and it automatically repositioned all the other staves. Now I did this because this was the quickest way to get a score setup that I was looking for where I had this closed vocal score with the soprano and alto names on the treble clef and the tenor and bass names on the bass clef. So this is just a good example of how you use a template and then modify it to get something you want to use. Now at this point, I am going to go ahead and I am going to put this in Scroll view. Remember, that's Command+E, Ctrl+E on a PC.

I am going to go up to the Window menu and I am going to tile the windows so we have both scores showing. And I'll put the other score also in Scroll view. Now I am going to zoom in on that bottom score just a little bit by going Command+Equals--that would be Ctrl+ Equals on a PC--and now we are ready to go. So, as you look at the soprano and alto treble clef staff here, you'll notice that all of the notes that are in the soprano part are stemmed up and black and all of the notes that are in the alto part are red and stemmed down. This is an indication that the soprano part is in layer 1 and the alto part is in layer 2.

So, to add the soprano notes, I just need to use the Simple Entry tool. I'll Option+Click in the top staff to place my cursor, and I'll choose my value, five for quarter note, and then I'll just start adding the notes as normal. So I'll go A, A, B-flat, C, D, D, C, B-flat and then D, A, F, G, F, E, D. If I use my arrow, I can arrow over one and that will add rest and complete the measure. Now I am going to arrow back over to the beginning and what I need to do is I need to switch to layer 2.

On a Mac, the layer can be switched by clicking the pop-up menu here in the lower left-hand corner of the document window. And on a PC, you'll actually see buttons: one, two, three, and four. So you'd just click the number two button. But I am going to switch to layer 2 and now I'm going to add the notes that are in the alto part. So as I type an F and go to the next note, notice that the notes already in the soprano are stemming the other direction. So I go F again, then G, G, and then A. So, at this point this is one of the nice things about layers.

I can actually add a different rhythm in the alto part because it's an independent voice. Now we are only using two layers in this particular piece, but we can use up to four layers per stave. You can imagine how complicated the music can get. So I go an eighth note and I'll add A, G, and then I'll press the Plus key to add the G sharp, then back to a quarter note, A, and then down to the G. And this time we'll have to add the minus to remove that sharp, and then I'll add F, E and then again a 4 for an eighth note and E five for a quarter, D. Four for a C. And let me just finish this last measure. I'll add a five for quarter note D and I'll add the period to dot that and then four for a C and five for an A.

Now, as I arrow and leave that measure, I want you to notice that there are now two rests in that measure. Each layer has to complete the measure with the correct number of beats. So anytime you're using layers, you're going to have to hide rest wherever you have both parts resting at the same time. So I am going to arrow back over on that rests in layer 2 and I am going to press the H key to hide that. Then I am going to go down and go back into layer 1 and you notice that the other rest was automatically selected. Now I am just going to use my arrow keys to arrow down and arrow up until it centers that where I want it.

Okay, so I need to add the notes that are in the bass clef. So I am going to hold my command key down and that would be Ctrl on a PC and press my down arrow to move my note entry cursor down onto the right staff. And I can use my cursor to get me back to the beginning where I am ready to add notes. Now, I am just going to add a few notes to show you here that one of the big mistakes that you can make is to add notes in the wrong layer. So, I am going to put this in layer 2 and I am going to add the tenor notes. So let me arrow up here and get closer to where I need to be.

Now I'll type D, D, D, E, and now I'm noticing doggonne it, I've put the notes in the wrong layer. So I am going to switch back to the Selection tool, highlight that measure, and then I am going to right-click and I am going to choose Move/Copy Layers. And now what I can do is I can click the second check box and choose Contents of layer 2 Into layer 1. Now the reason that I am doing this is that notes in layer 1 automatically stem up and the notes in layer 2 automatically stem down.

So I want to have the tenor part in layer 1 and the bass part in layer 2. Now I'll go back to Simple Entry tool. Before I continue, I'll need to click that layer button and go back into layer 1; otherwise, I'll just continue to make the same mistake. And I tell you about that one because I've done this dozens and dozens and dozens of times and then had to go back and copy things into the right layer. Now before we finish this video, I want to show you that we can change layers by using a quick key. That way you won't have to constantly pull your mouse down and click the Layer pop-up menu or click the Layer button to choose it.

So on a Mac, that key command is Command+Option and then the number of the layer on the numpad. So if I want to go to layer 2, I'll go Command+Option+2. On a PC that's going to be Alt+Shift plus the number. So in this case it would be Alt+Shift+2 to go to the second layer or Alt+Shift+1 to go back to layer one. So I'll go Command+Option+1 to get back to layer 1 and then I could continue adding those notes. So practice using layers by adding the rest of the notes and repeats to the score. Now Finale actually allows for four layers, so you can imagine the complexity of the scores that you can create.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Finale 2012 Essential Training
Finale 2012 Essential Training

67 video lessons · 4447 viewers

Rick Schmunk
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 1s
    2. Using the exercise files
      34s
  2. 18m 45s
    1. PC installation
      4m 43s
    2. MIDI system setup (PC)
      4m 26s
    3. Mac installation
      3m 12s
    4. MIDI system setup (Mac)
      6m 24s
  3. 24m 22s
    1. The Setup Wizard
      6m 13s
    2. Using score templates
      5m 2s
    3. The default document (Mac)
      4m 17s
    4. The default document (PC)
      3m 36s
    5. Opening and importing files
      5m 14s
  4. 6m 19s
    1. Finale window overview
      2m 44s
    2. Navigating scores
      3m 35s
  5. 54m 34s
    1. Note entry and editing using a mouse
      5m 6s
    2. Note entry and editing using a computer keyboard
      5m 28s
    3. Adding ties, note accidentals, and key changes
      4m 23s
    4. Selecting, copying and pasting, and transposing
      5m 52s
    5. Speedy note entry
      4m 31s
    6. Measure basics and music spacing
      5m 10s
    7. Adding lyrics
      8m 0s
    8. Adding chord symbols
      5m 13s
    9. Formatting and aligning chords
      4m 14s
    10. Formatting a lead sheet
      6m 37s
  6. 44m 8s
    1. Simple entry using a MIDI keyboard
      4m 55s
    2. Entering triplets and tuplets
      4m 30s
    3. Advanced entering of tuplets
      8m 6s
    4. Changing key signatures, time signatures, and clefs
      4m 46s
    5. Working with measure attributes
      2m 45s
    6. Adding ties, grace notes, and Simple Entry commands
      4m 31s
    7. Working with repeats
      5m 11s
    8. Customizing expressions
      5m 29s
    9. Smart Shapes
      3m 55s
  7. 22m 22s
    1. Layer basics
      7m 8s
    2. Click-assigning layers
      3m 30s
    3. Formatting and aligning lyrics
      6m 38s
    4. Text basics
      5m 6s
  8. 36m 48s
    1. Playback basics
      7m 27s
    2. Selecting instrument sounds
      8m 17s
    3. HyperScribe setup
      9m 21s
    4. HyperScribe entry
      6m 13s
    5. Importing audio
      5m 30s
  9. 1h 0m
    1. Staves
      6m 2s
    2. Articulations
      4m 10s
    3. Creating metatools for articulations and expressions
      5m 19s
    4. Adding expressions and articulations in Simple Entry
      4m 9s
    5. Customizing expressions
      4m 47s
    6. Formatting articulations, expressions, and Smart Shapes
      9m 22s
    7. Formatting staff and system spacing
      6m 19s
    8. Formatting measure numbers and rehearsal letters
      6m 34s
    9. Linked parts
      9m 28s
    10. Printing scores and parts
      4m 29s
  10. 48m 44s
    1. Percussion setup
      6m 22s
    2. Drum set parts
      8m 51s
    3. Scores and expressions
      5m 55s
    4. Copying and pasting articulations and expressions
      4m 16s
    5. Using SmartFind and Paint
      2m 23s
    6. Importing and editing libraries
      9m 16s
    7. Applying and creating staff styles
      7m 2s
    8. Changing instruments
      4m 39s
  11. 19m 23s
    1. Special tools
      9m 56s
    2. Plug-ins
      9m 27s
  12. 20m 1s
    1. Editing and creating fretboard diagrams
      6m 35s
    2. Tab staves
      7m 34s
    3. Guitar Smart Shapes
      5m 52s
  13. 14m 14s
    1. Exporting graphics
      7m 2s
    2. Exporting files
      7m 12s
  14. 1m 43s
    1. What's next?
      1m 43s

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