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Finale is the standard application used by musicians of all levels to compose, arrange, play, and print music. In this course, Rick Schmunk shows any aspiring or professional musician, composer, or arranger how to become proficient with Finale 2012. The course shows how to notate musical scores, ranging from simple lead sheets and guitar tablature parts to detailed scores, and bring them to life with instruments and share them with an audience.
The templates in Finale come loaded with a collection of commonly used expressions, articulations, and chord symbols. In many cases, these templates allow you to create scores with exactly the performance markings that you want. Some styles of music however require less common markings, many of which can be added to a score by loading one of Finale's additional libraries. So let's start by creating a default document. I'm going to go up to File > New and Default Document, and let me just explain that many of the markings that we see in Finale are collected individually into libraries like an Expression Library or an Articulation Library or a Chord Suffix Library.
In most cases, the defaults have gotten me through the work that I need to do. But the one that I use the most is the Chord Suffix Library and it's an excellent introduction into importing libraries. So let's just take a look and see what we have. Now I've got the Chord Tool selected and I'm going to zoom in just a little bit so we can see more in detail and I'm going to click this first measure to attach a chord. Now remember that the suffix that you use on a chord has to be predefined. So let's just see what happens here. So if I type in Cmajor, it takes that.
Let me try something else. So a Dmin, it doesn't like that. It's telling me it's not part of the library. So I'll say No and I'm going to erase the suffix and then to see what suffixes that are available, I'm going to type colon and zero, and this takes us to the Chord Suffix Selection dialog. So now you can scroll through and you can find what they've put for minor. Now it looks like I have little m, which is something I don't like. It's really hard to tell the difference between a little m and a big M when you're reading chords.
So, I'm wondering what else is out there, whether I'm going to have to build this by hand or if there's another library out there. And also, I really don't like the way that these chord fonts look. So let's choose something else. I'm going to delete these chords by drag- selecting them and then hitting my Delete key. Then I am going to go to File > Load Library. And in this folder you can see all of the different kinds of libraries that they have. Look in the Default Library we see kind of Format and Percussion Layouts and Staff Styles.
Now If I we go into the Chord Suffixes folder, you could see that there's a bunch of different suffix libraries related to different kinds of fonts. And this newer one, the Broadway Copyist is particularly good. So I'm going to choose that and click Open and it takes just a second and it's added that to the score. So again, I'm going to click to add a chord, just type C. And since I'm not sure what I've got yet, I'm going to type colon and zero so I can go back into that dialog box and see what I've got. Now I'm going to have to scroll down always because there was a bunch of chords in here already.
When I get about halfway down, I start to see the font is changed and I see a different kind of chord. And these to me look really good. So for example, if I wanted to use this MA7 for my Major 7, I'd select that, drop that into the document, and that looks good, but unfortunately now my chord root looks bad. So I'm going to go into the Document menu and down to Document Options and then choose Fonts, and now I can set the fonts for the chord. Now, if I click on the pop-up menu, we can see that I can set them separately for the Symbol, the Suffix, the Alteration, and if you're using Fretboards.
So in this case, C is the symbol of the chord. So I'm going to choose that, choose Set Font, and then you can either scroll in this dialog or you can type a couple of letters at the beginning of the name of the font that you're looking for. In this case, I'm looking for the Broadway, so I'm going to type BRO and that gets me close, I've got Broadway Copyist selected. Now you've got to be careful here because Broadway Copyist and Broadway Percussion are actually noteheads and percussion notehead type fonts. So I want Broadway Copyist Text.
So I'm going to choose that and just because I've done this before, I'm going to need a larger font size with this. So I'm going to make that 15 point size and I'll say OK. And if I click the Apply button, we'll see that flow through to the score, and that's looking a lot better. Now before I finish here, I also want to go back in and adjust the font size on the alteration. Now the alteration is when you have a flat or a sharp in the chord symbol like D Flat Major 7 or F Sharp Minor 7.
So let me choose that, click Set Font, and again I'm going to type BRO to get me to Broadway. And this time I can use Copyist because I'm looking for the sharp or flat symbol. So I'm going to make this just a little bit larger, let's try 17, I'll click OK, and OK to go into the score. Now let's add a symbol with an alteration in it. So let's do F Sharp and then I'm going to go colon , because I'm not sure how this is entered into this library, and zero and then I'll hit Return.
Now I can scroll down into these chord suffixes and notice that was a long way, we're going to have to do something about that. And now I can see the things are related to minor and I see a couple of different options for Minor 7. So let me choose that one and click Select. Now you can see I have the root, the alteration, and the chord symbol and that's all looking pretty good. Now as I just commented, I don't like to have to scroll through all those chords. And so there's a couple of ways we can fix this. So I'm going to click, I'm going to put a chord symbol in here and then I'll just type C, so I can get that handle.
And now I'm going to right-click on that because I want to go into the Edit Chord Definition dialog. And what I'm looking for is actually under Show Advanced, so I'll click that button and down here at the bottom I can get into that suffix selection box by clicking Select. Now this time I want you to notice that I've got a bunch of extra buttons. So I'm going to do two things here. First, I'm going to click that first chord and then I'm going to take the scrollbar and I'm going to scroll down until I see these other chord symbols. Then I'm going to Shift+Click to that one.
So, all that stuff above that, I don't like it, so I want to get rid of it. So I'm going to click Delete. It takes just a second, and they're gone. So now it'll be easy for me to add chords. For instance, I can use the slot number to add the chord if you can't remember how exactly to spell it. So if I know I want to add 2 Chord, I can add that to the score, by doing this. Let me cancel out, and now I click into that field, let me double-click. It puts me there. Now I can go C:1 because that was in the first slot.
And there we go, added that chord symbol. Now in case you need to add a symbol that's not defined, let's go in and add one. So I'm going to right-click on that so I can get back into this Edit Chord Definition. Advanced is already open, so I'll go down by Suffix, click Select, and now I have the ability to actually create a new suffix. Now as I've shown you in some of the other videos, I like to work from something that's already existing and duplicate it and then edit it. So for example, if I needed something like a Minor 9 Flat 5, I might scan down until I see a chord symbol that has the same characters in it, at least the same number of characters.
So Major 7 Flat 5 will get me close. So I'm going to duplicate that and then click Edit and it brings me into the Suffix Editor dialog and now I can go okay, M is okay, so let me click Next so it selects the next character. Now I'll replace that with an I and click Next and then the next one I want to replace that 7 with a 9. So let's do that and now I've got Minor 9 Flat 5 what I was looking for. I can click Select and OK and I can add that to the score.
Now furthermore, I'll probably be able to type that in. So let me click again and I go FMI9(b5). And now when I hit Enter, that suffix is defined and it formats it perfectly the way I want it look in the score. So the last thing you might want to do after you've customized the suffix library is to save it for use in another score. So I'm going to go back to the File menu and I'm going to go down to Save Library and I've already got Chords & Fretboards selected.
So I'll go ahead and click OK. Now if you were doing an articulation or an expression library, you would uncheck that and choose the right one. But I'll choose Chords, I'll click OK, and then I'm into the Library folder and I'll click Chord Suffixes and now I can call this My Chord Suffixes. I'll click Save and then just to make sure that that worked, I'll go back into the File menu and Load Library and then I'll go into the Chord Suffix subfolder and there we go, My Chord Suffixes.
So in the future, you'll be able to import that into more scores. So loading, editing, and saving the chord suffix library is just one useful way that you can begin to customize Finale for your own use. You should check out the other libraries in a later video, I'll show you how to customize and save a template with your favorite libraries.
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