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As I enter the notes, expressions and other musical details into a score, I don't spend much time worrying about how the score looks. I have learned from experience that if you start adjusting things as you create the score, you will likely end up moving them later to accommodate something else. So I will admit that I don't have a real science about how I go through and format things, you can do it kind of starting, in the beginning and work to the end or you can go by category and just for the sake of organization, we're going to take a look at cleaning up some of the text items, and expressions and hairpins, and also set the measures per line, and then in the next video we'll take a look at setting the line spacing some other details.
So I am going to choose the Text Tool to start off with because I want to create some room for this title and sub -title and the expression text marking up here at the top. I am going to grab the tool palette here for a second and I am going to drag that out of the way. And if I double-click on this text handle, I can go in there and I can select that text and I can format it. So I am going to go up to Text and Size and that's at 24 point right now, I am going to make that a little bit smaller and I have noticed that the next preset size down is 18. So instead of choosing that and making a big gap in the size change, I am going to go up to Other and choose that and this will bring up this Font Size dialog box.
I am going to back that down let's say 4 points to 20 and I will try that, say OK. That's still a nice size for a title, and then because I want the sub-title a little bit smaller, I will double-click on that and select that text and I will go back and do the same thing; so Size and I will make that 14 point. That looks pretty good. Now that I have the size on that set, I might move that up a little bit. So I will grab the text handle on that, drag that up and then I will drag up the sub-title and that's starting to look better.
Before I go any further, I want to make sure that I haven't moved that title outside of the margins. So I am going to choose the Page Layout tool just to check where that page margin is at and it looks like I've got that a little bit too high. So I will go back to the text tool. I am going to drag those both down a little bit. Now, you've heard me say it before but when you're moving things really small amounts in this program, it's really hard on the wrist to do it with your mouse and it's hard to position it that way. So I am going to use the Up and Down- arrows and I am just going to press that twice to move that down. That looks a lot better.
Now, I am going to bring the main tool palette back up here and position at the top and I can grab the Expression Tool so I can move this Andante Marking, I can bring that down just a little bit. So now I've got the kind of spacing at the top of the score that I want to begin with. So another thing I might do at this point would be to just go through the score and check out the number of measures per line. So I am going to choose the Selection Tool and remember that you can move the measures up and down by selecting a measure and using your down arrow to move it down a system, and your up arrow to move it up a system.
I look at the first page that looks pretty good to me. I don't see any collisions because of the notes running into each other. So I will move on and I will check the next page. Now, we've only got three measures here, and that's probably because of these thirty-second notes and that looks pretty good to me and we've got some issues with dynamics and hairpins and slurs and we'll clean that up in a minute. Well, when I drop down to the next system, I see that I have only got two measures. So I am going to hold down my Shift key and scroll and move over to the next page and I am going to grab that first measure on the next page and use my up arrow to move that to the previous page and I will just double check that real quick.
Now, in fact we might want to zoom out just a little bit to see the score in a little less detail and get more of a macro look at it. So I will go Command+Minus and that would be Ctrl+Minus on a PC to do that, and I will scroll down just a little bit. Now, I can see what's going on there a little bit better. So on the second page, I am seeing that when we get to smaller note values sixteenths and thirty-seconds, I can do about three measures per page. So I am going to select the next measure, and I am going to Shift+End and I have selected everything to the end and I am going to go to the Utilities menu and I am going to choose Fit Measures and I am going to lock the layout with three measures per system.
So I will hit my Enter key. Now, I have got a good working bars per line to work with and as I scroll through, I can quickly look over the rest and see how we're doing. So I will let you work through the rest of the score. That's a good place to start. So now that I have a basic layout set, I want to go back and start cleaning up some of these articulations and dynamics. You can do that by hitting the home key or you can drop down to this Page button and this one on the far left will take this to the beginning of the score. So I am going to click that and I am going to zoom in a little bit now.
So I will go Command+Equals and that would be Ctrl+Equals on a PC and that's about a level I want to work at as a start to position some of these text markings and hairpins. You can do this by category. You can go through and position hairpins or you can kind of do hairpins and text markings and dynamics all at the same time and just work measure by measure, line by line. One of the things I try to avoid when formatting a score is I don't like to have any text on top of a bar line. So I am going to click the Mezzo forte or Expression Tool and I am going to grab that and I am going to move that a little bit over, so that's out of the way.
Now, as you might notice, this score has a lot of dynamics. As I was looking for a score we could use as part of this video, I chose a Late Romantic Era score because that was at a period of time when they really started to put a lot of dynamics into the score to try and indicate exactly the performance that they were looking for, and on top of that, it's in the public domain. So we can clean up the way this looks and one of the things that you can do that really will improve the look, well line your hairpins. By the way again I am using the term hairpin for both crescendo and decrescendo markings.
So I am going to go to my Smart Shape tool and once I get the handles showing on these hairpins, I am going to drag and close them, so that they're both selected and then I am going to right-click on one of the handles and there are two really useful commands here; Align Horizontally will align these hairpins up in a line, and if I choose Align Vertically, it will align them vertically and that's good when you're trying to align hairpins that are on different staves. So I will choose Align Horizontally and those align up and now I can use my up and down arrow key to nudge those into place and get them so they're not colliding with the stems on those notes.
Now, once I've got a nice position for those, I really like to line up the dynamics with that. So I am going to choose my Expression Tool again and I will choose this forte and notice that I get this positioning that shows up and now I can align that more carefully kind of with the center of that hairpin. Text items like crescendo a lot of times, I will move those a little bit closer up to the notes, but dynamics I really want in line with the hairpins. So I am going to scroll down and let's take a look at the next system down. You can see as we get more and more of these hairpins, it really starts looking messy.
So I am going to go back to the Smart Shape Tool and I am going to select some of these and again align horizontally, here's my arrow keys to put them where I wanted. When I get to this next stave down here, notice that I have slur smart shapes right on top of these hairpins. So dragging closing is going to be a little difficult. So I am going to Shift+Click these just to select those two and not the slurs and now again I can go Align Horizontally, use my arrows to move down, get those away from the slurs and you notice that I actually had the ones above that still selected and so it's moving them as well.
So I am going to click away from that, select those again, they're already lined up and I can arrow those back to where I want them and a little bit more here, let's just do just a couple more, let me grab those, Align Horizontally, bring that down and then over here again I am going to choose the Expression Tool and I am going to line up these expressions with that hairpin. I will have to be careful because I don't want to get that forte too close to that note. Now, anytime I want to look at this, I am going to hit the Esc key and that will get rid of all of the handles that we have on everything and I can start to take a look at how this is shaping up.
So this is starting to look pretty good. I still need to clean up this bottom line, but let's go ahead and take a look at one other item. Now, if I go over to measure 11 here on the oboe part, you will notice that I have got Dynamics, and a Hairpin, and a Slur all kind of colliding in the same space. So one solution to this is actually to flip the slur, so I am going to choose the Slur Tool and then click the handle for that slur and now I can just press F on my keyboard to flip that to the other side of the note heads.
Now, when you get it there, you may want to take a look at the overall shape and make sure it's not colliding with anything. If it is, you can use these handles to kind of adjust the shape and size of that slur and now I am going to bring that hairpin down just a little bit. So I will select that and then arrow that down and then choose my Expression Tool and line those up more with the middle of that hairpin and that's looking a little bit better. So you can see in this score, there is a whole lot of work to do.
Now that you know how to position expressions and smart shapes, take the time to practice and work through the rest of the score. In the next video we'll take a look at setting the staff and staff system spacing.
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