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Creating metatools for articulations and expressions

From: Finale 2012 Essential Training

Video: Creating metatools for articulations and expressions

Creating scores using a computer application is detail oriented and can be time consuming. The more things that can be done without changing tools or going through dialog boxes to make choices, the faster and easier the work is. In Finale many of those musical details are assigned to shortcuts called metatools. metatools are available with most Finale tools, including the Expression, Articulation, Smart Shape, and even the Selection tools. Let's review how to use a metatool and then we'll talk about how you can create your own. So if you would, please open the creating metatools file in the 8_03 folder, and let's just review a bit.

Creating metatools for articulations and expressions

Creating scores using a computer application is detail oriented and can be time consuming. The more things that can be done without changing tools or going through dialog boxes to make choices, the faster and easier the work is. In Finale many of those musical details are assigned to shortcuts called metatools. metatools are available with most Finale tools, including the Expression, Articulation, Smart Shape, and even the Selection tools. Let's review how to use a metatool and then we'll talk about how you can create your own. So if you would, please open the creating metatools file in the 8_03 folder, and let's just review a bit.

I'm going to choose the Expression tool--it looks like the mezzo forte sign. And I'm going to assign an expression by double-clicking the note. If I go up to the Show All category, we can see all of them. And just note that these numbers that we see in the upper right-hand corners, and sometimes letters, those are the metatool assignment. And so we can assign these dynamics or expressions by just holding down the Assign metatool and clicking the note in the score. I like to remember that 4 is for forte and then going below that it gets louder and then above that it gets softer.

So for example, I can go 4 for forte, and if I go 5, I'll get mezzo forte, 6 mezzo piano, 7 piano, and so on and so forth. Now I can do the same thing with the Articulation tool, by choosing that tool and clicking a note. Here again we see the metatool assignments in the upper right-hand corner. So S is being used for staccato, A for long accent. So let me cancel out of there, and I'll hold down S. I can either click a note or I can drag and close a bunch of notes while I'm holding down the letter S, and it'll add that articulation.

We can do the same thing with the Smart Shape tool. So let me choose that. Even though we have the palette right here, I can add those without actually having to choose the smart shape that I want to use. So for example, if I want to add a decrescendo in the score, I'll hold down the lesser than sign and double- click and drag to assign that. If I want to add an 8va marking, I'll hold down 8, and if I double-click and drag above the staff, I'll get 8va, and if I double-click and drag below the staff while holding the 8 down, I'll get 8vb.

I can even do this now with the Selection tool. So if I choose that and select some notes--let me choose this line, so I'll Shift+Click that range-- I can change the spacing using 4 for note spacing and 5 for beat spacing. And I can even transpose a line using 6, 7, 8, and 9. 6 will take it down a step, 7 will take it back up a step, 8 down in octave, and 9 up in octave. So those are real handy, but you may find yourself wanting to assign your own metatools, and that's easy to do. So let's go back to the Expression tool.

If I hold down the Shift key and the letter that I want to assign to an expression, we'll open up the Expression dialog box. So let me hold down Shift+R, and that jumps me into the Expression Selection dialog box. That shows me that I already have the letter R assigned to ritard, but for this particular score I might need to add rubato a lot. So I'll choose rubato and Assign, and note that it doesn't assign that actually into the score, but it's just reassigned the metatool. So now if I hold down R and click, it'll add rubato. Now I want to tell you at this point that some of these expressions only assign to the top staff.

So if I try to add R onto the oboe part, you'll notice that it jumps to the up and it adds it to the top staff-- and that's only in the score. And the purpose behind this is that a lot of times when a conductor is conducting a score, they just want to see those important tempo markings and tempo changes in the top staff. Now in the parts that will flow through and put it in the right place in the parts. So I remember the T was assigned to our tempo, so I can go back into tempo by holding down T and clicking. Now I can do this in the Articulation Selection as well. So I'll choose that tool. I am going to hold down Shift+P because I want to reassign the P to the pause articulation.

Currently it's on the Pedal markings for piano, so I'll click down 1. And there is the pause marking in slot 35, so I'll choose that, click Select. Now I can just hold down P and if I double-click a note, we'll get the Pause marking, and I can drag that, put that in the score where we want. Oh, it actually looks like I put in twice that time, so I just need to highlight and delete that one and now I can drag that in. Now we can even assign a metatool to a chord symbol in Finale. So I'll choose the Chord tool, and I'm going to hold down Shift+M, and I'm going to assign that to a chord.

For example I might need to put the chord symbol C Major 7 a lot in this score, so I'll type a C. Then I'm going to go down to the Suffix area and click the Select button, and that will put me in the Suffix Selection area. And I'll choose Major 7 and then Select and OK, and now if I hold down M and click anywhere in the score, I'm going to get that same chord symbol appearing. So that makes it really fast. And by the way, that's just transposed because I put that on the B-flat clarinet part, which is transposed. So I was really excited when I first learnt how to use and create metatools.

I knew immediately that they would speed up the workflow. For now make up a list of the expressions and articulations that you need to add to complete the exercise score. Write down the associated metatools and use them as you finish adding articulations, expressions, and smart shapes to the score.

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This video is part of

Image for Finale 2012 Essential Training
Finale 2012 Essential Training

67 video lessons · 4432 viewers

Rick Schmunk
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 1s
    2. Using the exercise files
      34s
  2. 18m 45s
    1. PC installation
      4m 43s
    2. MIDI system setup (PC)
      4m 26s
    3. Mac installation
      3m 12s
    4. MIDI system setup (Mac)
      6m 24s
  3. 24m 22s
    1. The Setup Wizard
      6m 13s
    2. Using score templates
      5m 2s
    3. The default document (Mac)
      4m 17s
    4. The default document (PC)
      3m 36s
    5. Opening and importing files
      5m 14s
  4. 6m 19s
    1. Finale window overview
      2m 44s
    2. Navigating scores
      3m 35s
  5. 54m 34s
    1. Note entry and editing using a mouse
      5m 6s
    2. Note entry and editing using a computer keyboard
      5m 28s
    3. Adding ties, note accidentals, and key changes
      4m 23s
    4. Selecting, copying and pasting, and transposing
      5m 52s
    5. Speedy note entry
      4m 31s
    6. Measure basics and music spacing
      5m 10s
    7. Adding lyrics
      8m 0s
    8. Adding chord symbols
      5m 13s
    9. Formatting and aligning chords
      4m 14s
    10. Formatting a lead sheet
      6m 37s
  6. 44m 8s
    1. Simple entry using a MIDI keyboard
      4m 55s
    2. Entering triplets and tuplets
      4m 30s
    3. Advanced entering of tuplets
      8m 6s
    4. Changing key signatures, time signatures, and clefs
      4m 46s
    5. Working with measure attributes
      2m 45s
    6. Adding ties, grace notes, and Simple Entry commands
      4m 31s
    7. Working with repeats
      5m 11s
    8. Customizing expressions
      5m 29s
    9. Smart Shapes
      3m 55s
  7. 22m 22s
    1. Layer basics
      7m 8s
    2. Click-assigning layers
      3m 30s
    3. Formatting and aligning lyrics
      6m 38s
    4. Text basics
      5m 6s
  8. 36m 48s
    1. Playback basics
      7m 27s
    2. Selecting instrument sounds
      8m 17s
    3. HyperScribe setup
      9m 21s
    4. HyperScribe entry
      6m 13s
    5. Importing audio
      5m 30s
  9. 1h 0m
    1. Staves
      6m 2s
    2. Articulations
      4m 10s
    3. Creating metatools for articulations and expressions
      5m 19s
    4. Adding expressions and articulations in Simple Entry
      4m 9s
    5. Customizing expressions
      4m 47s
    6. Formatting articulations, expressions, and Smart Shapes
      9m 22s
    7. Formatting staff and system spacing
      6m 19s
    8. Formatting measure numbers and rehearsal letters
      6m 34s
    9. Linked parts
      9m 28s
    10. Printing scores and parts
      4m 29s
  10. 48m 44s
    1. Percussion setup
      6m 22s
    2. Drum set parts
      8m 51s
    3. Scores and expressions
      5m 55s
    4. Copying and pasting articulations and expressions
      4m 16s
    5. Using SmartFind and Paint
      2m 23s
    6. Importing and editing libraries
      9m 16s
    7. Applying and creating staff styles
      7m 2s
    8. Changing instruments
      4m 39s
  11. 19m 23s
    1. Special tools
      9m 56s
    2. Plug-ins
      9m 27s
  12. 20m 1s
    1. Editing and creating fretboard diagrams
      6m 35s
    2. Tab staves
      7m 34s
    3. Guitar Smart Shapes
      5m 52s
  13. 14m 14s
    1. Exporting graphics
      7m 2s
    2. Exporting files
      7m 12s
  14. 1m 43s
    1. What's next?
      1m 43s

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