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Finale is the standard application used by musicians of all levels to compose, arrange, play, and print music. In this course, Rick Schmunk shows any aspiring or professional musician, composer, or arranger how to become proficient with Finale 2012. The course shows how to notate musical scores, ranging from simple lead sheets and guitar tablature parts to detailed scores, and bring them to life with instruments and share them with an audience.
From experience, I can tell you that I've spent a lot of time learning to notate the large variety of tuplets that exist in modern and improvised music. Let's take a look at a few examples and learn how to enter and edit advanced tuplets in Finale. So if you would, go ahead and open both files in the 5_03 folder and then tile and arrange them as we have in past lessons. So in the first measure, you can see that we've got some triplets that have rests involved, so let's take a look at how you do that. So I am going to choose the Simple Entry tool and I'll Option+Click in the first measure here to put my cursor and I'll type a 4 so that we are going to be adding eighth notes.
I'll go ahead and add the first note by typing C and then I'll indicate to Finale that I'm entering triplets by pressing 9. The next note I need to enter is a rest, so I'll just go ahead and hit the 0 key, and then I can move to the next note and press D. So the first one is in. So now I'll press 0 to add another eighth note rest and then 9 to say, hey, I'm adding triplets and then add E and F. Next one starts off with a G eighth note, so I'll go ahead and type G and then 9 to say I am doing triplets and A, and then a 0 to add an eighth note rest.
Then the last one is just as normal. Go ahead and type B-flat, 9 to indicate triplets, and then go ahead and type D and C. Now one of the reasons I showed you this was not only because of the rest, but I wanted you to see what happens with the bracket shapes. I was adding those rests using 0 on the numpad, not on the QWERTY area of the keyboard. One of the reasons I chose the examples in the first measure was not only because of the rest, but I also wanted to show you what happens when you have rests included with eighth note triplets and what happens to the bracket shapes.
Anywhere there was a note at the beginning and the end of the triplet, you'll see that we just got the three, but where a rest started or ended the triplet, we ended up with this bracket shape. So this is a good time to see how we can modify and choose the bracket shape on a triplet. So I am going to go ahead and choose the Triplet tool in the Main palette and I am going to click on first note to activate the handle on the triplet. At this point, you can double-click that and that will take you into the Tuplet Definition dialog box. So in this case, what I want to do is I want to force Finale to have a shape on that.
So I am going to say Always Use Specified Shape and then just for demonstration purposes, I want to show you how you can change the shape, so I'll go ahead and click Slur and OK. You can see that it's starting to look like the example up top. So let's follow through on the next ones. So I'll click the rests that begins that triplet. This time, I'll click the handle and then right-click and choose Edit Tuplet Definition and that will take me back into that same dialog box. Again, Always Use Specified Shape, and Slur. So let's do that twice more.
This time, I'll double-click. Always Use Shape, Slur, and we are fine on the last one. Now in the next measure, I want to add some septuplets, and you can see that it's showing this weird ratio thing to explain what's going on, that you are playing seven sixteenths in the space of eighths. So again, I'll choose my value. I am in the right bar already. And this time, I'm going to click the Simple Tuplet tool to indicate that I'm entering a tuplet before I do that and then I'll Shift+Click the first note in, which is an A, and this opens up again the Simple Entry Tuplet Definition dialog.
And this time I'll say, yes, we are using current, but I want to have seven sixteenth notes in the space of eighth and I'll say OK. Remember, where I need to arrow over to the next note before I start entering notes. And now I can type G, F, E, D, C, and B. For the next one, I need to do an eighth note, so I'll type a 4. The Simple Tuplet tool is already active, so I'll go ahead and Shift+Click in that next note. That will open up the Simple Entry Tuplet Definition, and this time I'll say 5.
And again, it's Current because I am adding eighth notes in the space of four. And I'll click OK. It adds the first note and then I'll arrow over and I can type D, E, F, and G. Now you will notice that the display of the tuplet type is not the same as above. So again, I am going to go up to the Main tool palette and choose the Tuplet tool and click the first note of it to activate the handle, which is really hard to see in this case. It's this little box right there. So I am going to go ahead and double- click to open up the Tuplet Definition dialog. And this time I want to go up to Number and click on that pop-up menu and choose the ratio version.
Go ahead and click OK and now you will see it's changed that display. Let's do that on the next one. Click the first note, activate the handle, either double-click the handle or select it, and then right-click, choose Edit Tuplet Definition, and then choose Number. Now on the last example here, we have something that's called nested tuplets. So I've got a triplet on the outside that is three quarter notes and then I've got an eighth note triplet on the inside. So the easiest way that I have found to enter this kind of a triplet is to actually enter the outside triplet normally and then add the interior tuplet and then go back and redefine everything as a triplet or tuplet.
So I'll go ahead again and choose the Simple Entry tool. I am going to deactivate the Simple Tuplet tool. My cursor is in the right bar already. I'll type a 5 to enter the first note, and I'll type a C, and now I want to add the eighth note triplet. So I'll type a 4, type A to add the note, 9 to say it's a triplet, and then G and E, and then type 5, and I'll go ahead and enter the C. So I've got the interior tuplet done, and now I want to convert the whole thing to a tuplet. So I'll go and choose the Tuplet tool. I'll click the first note.
This opens up the Tuplet Definition dialog. And I'll go ahead and say three quarters in the space of two quarters. Say OK and now it's added a second bracket. Now you will notice that both brackets are colliding, so I'll click the first note of the interior tuplet and then choose its handle and then type the letter F to flip that. So if I escape out of here, we can see that we've got the brackets on the outer sides of that, and that makes it very easy to see that it is a nested tuplet. Now you may want to adjust the bracket shape or the placement of the number on a tuplet, and you can do that by clicking on the first note of a tuplet.
Let me choose the Tuplet tool, click on the first note, and now you can see that we have handles on everything. I simply want to move the tuplet closer or further away from its notes. I'll click the outer handle and click and drag. If I want to move the number itself, I'll click the handle on the interior there, and now you will see I can move the handle by itself. And you can use these other handles to change the angle and the length of the end of the line.
Now, sometimes on triplets like the ones we are looking at over here where there is a rest on the outside, you'll see that the end sometimes isn't quite long enough. So I am going to go ahead and click on the first note of that triplet. Then I am going to double-click the handle to open up the Definition dialog. And if you need to add to the length, you can do that using the Left Extension and the Right Extension field. Now if want to extend to the left, I'll need to type a negative value. And I have found that oftentimes by typing about 300ths of an inch, that's a good one.
Now that's actually going to shorten it, so I am going to arrow back over there and type minus. For the Right Extension field, all I need to type is a positive value. I click OK and you can see that both ends of that are longer. So tuplets often require a bit of extra work to enter and fine-tune their appearance. Take the time to review and practice what we have just discussed. It will make a difference the next time you have to notate a passage of complicated tuplets.
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