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Finale is the standard application used by musicians of all levels to compose, arrange, play, and print music. In this course, Rick Schmunk shows any aspiring or professional musician, composer, or arranger how to become proficient with Finale 2012. The course shows how to notate musical scores, ranging from simple lead sheets and guitar tablature parts to detailed scores, and bring them to life with instruments and share them with an audience.
Many popular music styles rely on an improvised accompaniment. For instruments like guitar, piano, and bass, that means your scores need to have chord changes. Let's take a look at how you add chords to a score in Finale. So please open the files that are in the 4_08 folder, and tile and arrange them as we have done in past videos. To add chords in Finale, you need to choose the Chord tool; it looks like the CM7 icon on the toolbar. Then to enter a chord, click a note, and you will notice the blinking cursor above the note, and you can type the chord symbol. In this case, we can just type an F, and then to enter that chord, you can either hit the Return key to enter that, or if you want to enter the chord, and then go on to the next note to add another chord, you can hit the Spacebar to move forward.
In this case, I need to go all the way to the beginning of the next bar, and I can do that by pressing the Tab key. I can type a B Flat, and this time I will advance all the way over to the fourth beat of the measure; I need to add a C7. Now in Finale, everything past the root of the chord is referred to as a suffix. So I will type C, and then a 7, and then that enters. Now, in the next chord I am going to do something a little bit more complicated. I am going to add an F, and then I'm going to choose a chord symbol like M7 to add that chord suffix.
And I will go ahead and I will hit the Spacebar to move on to the next note. And Finale is going to tell me, hey, that suffix is not in the chord library, and this is our first indication that all of the chord suffixes that we use must be predefined. So in this case, M7 is not the best chord symbol to use to indicate a major 7. So I am going to say no, and now I am wondering what chord symbol is available for that particular suffix. So I'm going to type, instead, Colon, and then 0, and that shortcut, when I hit the Return key, will take me into the Chord Suffix Selection dialog box.
And now I can scan through here, and I can see all the chord symbols that are already predefined and ready for use. So in this case, I might look through these, and then go down to slot 15, and choose that major 7, or a 14 for that matter; MA7. Those are both good, and I click the Select button, and that assigns it. Now I can click another note, and I will add another major 7, but this time I am going to remember the slot that that chord was in, and I am going to type B Flat, Colon, 14, and that will add that chord suffix.
Now, in addition to complicated chord suffixes, as we've just seen, you can also add chord inversions, and slash chords, and poly chords. Let's take a look at how you do that. So, for example, I'll go over here to this note G, and I'm going to type G for the root, little min for the chord suffix, then a slash to indicate that I'm entering a slash chord or an inversion, and I will type B flat this time; the third of the chord to enter a first inversion G minor chord.
Similarly, I can add a slash chord by clicking a note, and just typing two roots. For instance, if I wanted a C over D chord, I type C, slash, D. Now if you want a true poly chord, you do something similar. We will type the first chord, and then I'll type an Underscore, and then the second chord, which is on the bottom, and then I will hit Return, and notice that we get C over D, which indicates a true poly chord.
Now if you need to edit any of these chords, you can just select handles on them, double click, and go in and retype a chord. So if I want to go just back to F in this case, I will type F, and I can advance to the next chord by hitting my Spacebar, and when I get there, I can if I want to delete that, just hit my Delete key, and it's gone, and I can type in another chord. Again, remember, you can go to the next measure by hitting the Tab key, and I will type in just the correct chord symbol there. I will advance to the next one; that needs to be a C7 there, and I'll delete the next one, and let me finish by going over, and typing F there.
Now, if you need to go backwards, you can do that by holding the Shift key down, and pressing your Left Arrow key. That will take you back a note at a time, and if you need to go back a bar at a time, you can use the Shift+Tab function to do that. That'll get us back to the beginning of the piece. You can also delete a number of chords simultaneously by simply drag-selecting their handles, and pressing your Delete key. Now lastly, you may want a different style of chord to appear in the score, and you can do that by going up to the Chord menu, and going down to Chord Style, and we see a number of different ways to do this.
If you go to Nashville, it will actually turn the chords into numbers. And this is really great if you are going to have to transpose this for a singer. Now you can just see the chord function, and know what to play. Now you know how to add chord changes to a Finale score. In the next video, we will take a look at formatting chords, and how to add chord fretboard diagrams.
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