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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
Final Cut Pro X is loaded with effects that you can add to your clips, and we'll explore many of these in this course. There are also some basic built-in motion effects that come as part as every video clip. Let's take a look. So I am going to go into 9.1, and I am going to go into the Farm to Table Motion FX 1 sequence. And so again, this is scene one from the film, and there is a lot of really nice farming produce footage. But in some cases, the framing could be a little bit better, and in other cases I think a little movement might be nice in an otherwise static shot.
So let's just zoom in right around here, Cmd+Plus, and I have got this shot of BD working in the field. But here I have got a cameraman on the right side of the frame, and we need to make sure that we don't include that. So let's rescale it. We'll do that with the Transform tool. Again, we don't have to add an effect, I am just going to click on the clip, and I am going to open the Inspector, Cmd+4, and then this Transform category is going to give me all I need.
Now I can either just increase the Scale here, and you can see that the cameraman disappears off screen when I do that, and I can keep going if I want it to be more of a close-up. If I want to reposition the frame, it's better to do that with the Wireframe. So, I can just come up here and click. And you also notice that the Wireframe is right here. This is just a toggle, I can click this on and off. When I do that, I have the ability to just drag stuff within the viewer. Now it's a little bit hard to see right now. So, I am just going to switch from 50% to 25%.
And now, you can see right here, I can grab on to the Wireframe. I want to make sure that I constrain proportions, so you want to drag on one of the corners, if I drag on one of the sides then I am going to stretch and squeeze, and I don't want to do that, Cmd+Z. So, rescaling, repositioning, not a problem with either the Inspector tools or with the Wireframe and then when I'm done, I am just going to say Done, and I am just going to switch back to 50%, and that's my new framing.
Just for your reference, there are some other transform properties that you may want to explore. We have already touched on Scaling and Position, but there's also Rotation and Anchor Point. And we won't go into all of those right now, but if you're familiar with these types of controls from other applications, they behave in basically the same way. So, I'm going to just head downstream a little bit, and I have this section here where BD is talking about all of the hundreds of herbs and vegetables and fruits and flowers that he grows on his farm.
I am just going to zoom out just a little bit, Cmd+Minus. And I'm going to go ahead and play it so you get a sense of what we're talking about right here. (video playing) All right, so basically what I have done-- I have sort of prepped this part--I have stacked a bunch of clips on top of one another.
So, I have a stack three tall, and I switch from one set of images to another set of images. Right now we can only see the topmost image because we haven't done any work with this, but basically what we're going to do right now is create a split screen. First, let's just do a couple of these with some basic transforms, we'll resize and rescale. So I will just come to this shot right here, and we'll toggle the Transform button, and I will get myself a little bit more space here, and I will just drag, and reposition, and maybe do the same thing on this lower level.
And you can kind of see how we're doing this. We'll take the time to get it exactly perfect right now, but you get the idea. This is a really easy way to do some split screen action. So now let's go ahead and take a look at when you would want to crop. So, if I go from Transform, the second category is Crop, and you'll also notice that we have Crop parameters right here within the Inspector. I am mostly going to concern myself with working right here in the viewer, but you certainly can do either.
Let's come over to this image and explore the Crop Parameter. Now, there are actually three different types of crop. If you come in here, there's Trim, there's Crop, and there's Ken Burns, and we'll look at each one of these. First, let's talk about Trim. Trimming is simply removing portions of the video frame, revealing the image underneath. So, if I sort of trim away here, I'm just trimming away portions of this video frame. And then if I need to rescale or reposition, notice that if I drag this, it's not going to rescale or reposition, I have to switch back to Transform.
So, once I have cropped appropriately, I can go into Transform. Now I can move it around and rescale it if I want to, like so, maybe over here. And let's go to my orchard shot, and do the same thing. So, I am going to go back to Crop, and we're going to go on Trim, and let's just look at this tree right here, like so.
Okay very good, and if I wanted to rescale and reposition, I can move it around like that. So that's how that works. Rather than take the time to go through each one of these images and make it as meticulous as possible, I have already done this in the Farm to Table Motion FX 2 sequence. Let's see, my stack is right here. So here's my stack, and I have also added some transitions just some dissolves to soften it a little bit so the images didn't pop right on.
But I will just kind of go through this, so you can see how it's looking. Okay, so you basically have this composite of different images while he is talking about all of these various fruits and vegetables and herbs and all of that. So that's Transform, and that's the Trim part of the Crop parameter. I am going to head down to this shot down here. I want to talk about a different type of crop. So, if I switch to Crop and go from Trim to Crop, so it's kind of funny, it's the Crop category, Crop parameter. This is a little bit different.
Cropping constrains the proportions to the shape of the video frame so that it lets you isolate an area of the image and then when you're finished it resizes it to the appropriate video resolution. So let's take a look. I have got this shot of BD pruning his tree, and I think I can go to 50% if I close the Inspector here. It's kind of weird framing. I think that I would like to reframe him a little bit. So I am just going to drag, like so.
and notice that I can't drag it in any shape other than 16x9. So I will just drag, reposition, and when I am happy with it, I am just going to say done, and it resizes it within my video frame. So in that sense it's a little bit like the Scaling Parameter within the Transform category. It resizes full frame, and now I have got a shot that I like. Finally, there's the Ken Burns effect. If you're familiar with Ken Burns documentaries, he is famous for the slow panning and scanning, mostly over still pictures which essentially add some move movement to otherwise static images.
Well, you can do this with video as well. So I have a shot here. I thought that it might be a little bit more interesting, if I started zoomed in on the man and then zoomed out to the field. So a Ken Burns effect would be nice here. So, I'll select it, and select Crop and then come over to Ken Burns. And you'll notice that I have a start frame and an end frame, and both frames are sized in the correct aspect ratio for this video frame.
So, we'll start, zoomed in on him, and end zoomed out over the entire field. So, we can't really see the product of it until we press Done, and now I will play through, and you can see it in action. (video playing) Okay, so that's Ken Burns.
Now the last built-in parameter is Distort. For basic projects, you'll rarely use it as there's not really much need for distorting your video. But it behaves basically as you would expect. Let's just go ahead and grab an image to demonstrate here. I'll switch to Distort, and I am going to open the Inspector real quick, and Distort is right below Transform and Crop. You if wanted to work with it in the Inspector, you could. You basically just pick one of these values, and you can drag up, you can drag down, you can see kind of what's happening to each of these corners, like so.
But probably, what you do is actually drag here right in the viewer and see what's happening here. So, if you are doing some creative video work, you might use it, but I really rarely do. If you ever want to reset your parameters it's this little arrow right here. I can just click on it, and it brings it back. And there's a Reset button for every single one of these, you can see right here. So, as you can see, each and every video clip has some basic built-in motion effect parameters that allow you to do these basic things like Reposition, Rescale, Rotate, Crop, and even add a targeted movement to your image.
It's definitely a handy built-in option since these are things you do all the time in the world of video editing.
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