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Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort

From: Final Cut Pro X 10.0.9 Essential Training

Video: Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort

Final Cut Pro X is loaded with effects that you can add to your clips, and we'll explore many of these in this course. There are also some basic built-in motion effects that come as part as every video clip. Let's take a look. So I am going to go into 9.1, and I am going to go into the Farm to Table Motion FX 1 sequence. And so again, this is scene one from the film, and there is a lot of really nice farming produce footage. But in some cases, the framing could be a little bit better, and in other cases I think a little movement might be nice in an otherwise static shot.

Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort

Final Cut Pro X is loaded with effects that you can add to your clips, and we'll explore many of these in this course. There are also some basic built-in motion effects that come as part as every video clip. Let's take a look. So I am going to go into 9.1, and I am going to go into the Farm to Table Motion FX 1 sequence. And so again, this is scene one from the film, and there is a lot of really nice farming produce footage. But in some cases, the framing could be a little bit better, and in other cases I think a little movement might be nice in an otherwise static shot.

So let's just zoom in right around here, Cmd+Plus, and I have got this shot of BD working in the field. But here I have got a cameraman on the right side of the frame, and we need to make sure that we don't include that. So let's rescale it. We'll do that with the Transform tool. Again, we don't have to add an effect, I am just going to click on the clip, and I am going to open the Inspector, Cmd+4, and then this Transform category is going to give me all I need.

Now I can either just increase the Scale here, and you can see that the cameraman disappears off screen when I do that, and I can keep going if I want it to be more of a close-up. If I want to reposition the frame, it's better to do that with the Wireframe. So, I can just come up here and click. And you also notice that the Wireframe is right here. This is just a toggle, I can click this on and off. When I do that, I have the ability to just drag stuff within the viewer. Now it's a little bit hard to see right now. So, I am just going to switch from 50% to 25%.

And now, you can see right here, I can grab on to the Wireframe. I want to make sure that I constrain proportions, so you want to drag on one of the corners, if I drag on one of the sides then I am going to stretch and squeeze, and I don't want to do that, Cmd+Z. So, rescaling, repositioning, not a problem with either the Inspector tools or with the Wireframe and then when I'm done, I am just going to say Done, and I am just going to switch back to 50%, and that's my new framing.

Just for your reference, there are some other transform properties that you may want to explore. We have already touched on Scaling and Position, but there's also Rotation and Anchor Point. And we won't go into all of those right now, but if you're familiar with these types of controls from other applications, they behave in basically the same way. So, I'm going to just head downstream a little bit, and I have this section here where BD is talking about all of the hundreds of herbs and vegetables and fruits and flowers that he grows on his farm.

I am just going to zoom out just a little bit, Cmd+Minus. And I'm going to go ahead and play it so you get a sense of what we're talking about right here. (video playing) All right, so basically what I have done-- I have sort of prepped this part--I have stacked a bunch of clips on top of one another.

So, I have a stack three tall, and I switch from one set of images to another set of images. Right now we can only see the topmost image because we haven't done any work with this, but basically what we're going to do right now is create a split screen. First, let's just do a couple of these with some basic transforms, we'll resize and rescale. So I will just come to this shot right here, and we'll toggle the Transform button, and I will get myself a little bit more space here, and I will just drag, and reposition, and maybe do the same thing on this lower level.

And you can kind of see how we're doing this. We'll take the time to get it exactly perfect right now, but you get the idea. This is a really easy way to do some split screen action. So now let's go ahead and take a look at when you would want to crop. So, if I go from Transform, the second category is Crop, and you'll also notice that we have Crop parameters right here within the Inspector. I am mostly going to concern myself with working right here in the viewer, but you certainly can do either.

Let's come over to this image and explore the Crop Parameter. Now, there are actually three different types of crop. If you come in here, there's Trim, there's Crop, and there's Ken Burns, and we'll look at each one of these. First, let's talk about Trim. Trimming is simply removing portions of the video frame, revealing the image underneath. So, if I sort of trim away here, I'm just trimming away portions of this video frame. And then if I need to rescale or reposition, notice that if I drag this, it's not going to rescale or reposition, I have to switch back to Transform.

So, once I have cropped appropriately, I can go into Transform. Now I can move it around and rescale it if I want to, like so, maybe over here. And let's go to my orchard shot, and do the same thing. So, I am going to go back to Crop, and we're going to go on Trim, and let's just look at this tree right here, like so.

Okay very good, and if I wanted to rescale and reposition, I can move it around like that. So that's how that works. Rather than take the time to go through each one of these images and make it as meticulous as possible, I have already done this in the Farm to Table Motion FX 2 sequence. Let's see, my stack is right here. So here's my stack, and I have also added some transitions just some dissolves to soften it a little bit so the images didn't pop right on.

But I will just kind of go through this, so you can see how it's looking. Okay, so you basically have this composite of different images while he is talking about all of these various fruits and vegetables and herbs and all of that. So that's Transform, and that's the Trim part of the Crop parameter. I am going to head down to this shot down here. I want to talk about a different type of crop. So, if I switch to Crop and go from Trim to Crop, so it's kind of funny, it's the Crop category, Crop parameter. This is a little bit different.

Cropping constrains the proportions to the shape of the video frame so that it lets you isolate an area of the image and then when you're finished it resizes it to the appropriate video resolution. So let's take a look. I have got this shot of BD pruning his tree, and I think I can go to 50% if I close the Inspector here. It's kind of weird framing. I think that I would like to reframe him a little bit. So I am just going to drag, like so.

and notice that I can't drag it in any shape other than 16x9. So I will just drag, reposition, and when I am happy with it, I am just going to say done, and it resizes it within my video frame. So in that sense it's a little bit like the Scaling Parameter within the Transform category. It resizes full frame, and now I have got a shot that I like. Finally, there's the Ken Burns effect. If you're familiar with Ken Burns documentaries, he is famous for the slow panning and scanning, mostly over still pictures which essentially add some move movement to otherwise static images.

Well, you can do this with video as well. So I have a shot here. I thought that it might be a little bit more interesting, if I started zoomed in on the man and then zoomed out to the field. So a Ken Burns effect would be nice here. So, I'll select it, and select Crop and then come over to Ken Burns. And you'll notice that I have a start frame and an end frame, and both frames are sized in the correct aspect ratio for this video frame.

So, we'll start, zoomed in on him, and end zoomed out over the entire field. So, we can't really see the product of it until we press Done, and now I will play through, and you can see it in action. (video playing) Okay, so that's Ken Burns.

Now the last built-in parameter is Distort. For basic projects, you'll rarely use it as there's not really much need for distorting your video. But it behaves basically as you would expect. Let's just go ahead and grab an image to demonstrate here. I'll switch to Distort, and I am going to open the Inspector real quick, and Distort is right below Transform and Crop. You if wanted to work with it in the Inspector, you could. You basically just pick one of these values, and you can drag up, you can drag down, you can see kind of what's happening to each of these corners, like so.

But probably, what you do is actually drag here right in the viewer and see what's happening here. So, if you are doing some creative video work, you might use it, but I really rarely do. If you ever want to reset your parameters it's this little arrow right here. I can just click on it, and it brings it back. And there's a Reset button for every single one of these, you can see right here. So, as you can see, each and every video clip has some basic built-in motion effect parameters that allow you to do these basic things like Reposition, Rescale, Rotate, Crop, and even add a targeted movement to your image.

It's definitely a handy built-in option since these are things you do all the time in the world of video editing.

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This video is part of

Image for Final Cut Pro X 10.0.9 Essential Training
Final Cut Pro X 10.0.9 Essential Training

78 video lessons · 38720 viewers

Ashley Kennedy
Author

 
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  1. 6m 16s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 16s
  2. 23m 30s
    1. Understanding the world of nonlinear editing
      5m 2s
    2. Understanding how FCP X works: A new take on story creation
      1m 48s
    3. Taking a tour of the FCP X interface
      8m 59s
    4. Accessing additional tools
      6m 23s
    5. Getting to know the projects for this course
      1m 18s
  3. 24m 41s
    1. Creating and organizing events from scratch
      5m 20s
    2. Organizing footage with keywords and ratings
      8m 19s
    3. Performing searches and creating Smart Collections
      4m 59s
    4. Displaying event data
      6m 3s
  4. 42m 11s
    1. Playing and marking clips in preparation for editing
      7m 16s
    2. Understanding different types of editing tools
      6m 20s
    3. Making the first edits: Using Insert and Append edits
      7m 31s
    4. Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits
      5m 54s
    5. Performing video- and audio-only edits
      3m 45s
    6. Moving clips within the primary storyline: Swapping shots and creating gaps
      3m 28s
    7. Removing material from the primary storyline
      3m 44s
    8. Understanding timeline navigation: Snapping, skimming, zooming, and panning
      4m 13s
  5. 23m 58s
    1. Trimming clips: Using the Ripple tool
      9m 9s
    2. Manipulating transitions: Using the Roll tool
      5m 36s
    3. Changing clip content and position: Performing Slip and Slide edits
      5m 40s
    4. Using the Precision Editor for fine trimming control
      3m 33s
  6. 14m 2s
    1. Connecting clips to the primary storyline
      7m 0s
    2. Understanding the features and limitations of Connected Clips
      3m 40s
    3. Working with secondary storylines
      3m 22s
  7. 31m 23s
    1. Adjusting the audio level and channel configuration via the Inspector
      8m 47s
    2. Keyframing audio in the timeline
      4m 57s
    3. Repairing audio problems automatically
      5m 25s
    4. Adjusting audio EQ
      4m 46s
    5. Recording audio
      4m 4s
    6. Syncing audio from multiple sources
      3m 24s
  8. 25m 6s
    1. Nesting and breaking apart clips
      4m 1s
    2. Performing quick extractions using Top and Tail edits
      6m 16s
    3. Auditioning clips to try multiple editing options
      4m 9s
    4. Working with markers
      4m 57s
    5. Customizing the keyboard and workspace
      5m 43s
  9. 14m 28s
    1. Syncing your multicam group clips
      6m 47s
    2. Performing a multicam edit
      3m 53s
    3. Refining the multicam edit
      3m 48s
  10. 1h 26m
    1. Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort
      10m 32s
    2. Using motion effects with still photos and graphics
      6m 25s
    3. Adding and adjusting transition effects
      7m 46s
    4. Adding and adjusting video effects
      6m 26s
    5. Adding and adjusting audio effects
      4m 30s
    6. Keyframing video and audio effects over time
      6m 18s
    7. Copying and pasting effect properties
      4m 15s
    8. Creating and adjusting titles
      7m 18s
    9. Working with generator effects
      6m 46s
    10. Adding animated themes
      4m 7s
    11. Creating freeze frames
      3m 51s
    12. Using speed effects to retime clips
      8m 2s
    13. Working with layered Photoshop files
      6m 19s
    14. Understanding rendering options and preferences
      4m 4s
  11. 36m 15s
    1. Analyzing footage for problems
      3m 49s
    2. Following a proper color correction workflow
      10m 29s
    3. Apply multiple color corrections to clips
      3m 41s
    4. Using color correction templates
      3m 11s
    5. Using automatic color correction tools
      6m 15s
    6. Performing secondary color correction with color masks
      4m 30s
    7. Performing color correction adjustments using shape masks
      4m 20s
  12. 18m 54s
    1. Taking a closer look at the import and analysis options
      5m 56s
    2. Importing from cards and file-based cameras
      4m 14s
    3. Importing iMovie projects and events
      1m 58s
    4. Capturing from tape
      3m 18s
    5. Making a tape archive
      3m 28s
  13. 16m 13s
    1. Managing events between different drives and destinations
      6m 13s
    2. Managing render files
      2m 56s
    3. Collaborating and archiving
      7m 4s
  14. 34m 38s
    1. Sharing projects using presets
      7m 41s
    2. Exporting a hi-res QuickTime movie
      3m 46s
    3. Using Compressor to export with custom settings
      7m 54s
    4. Exporting a still image
      1m 22s
    5. Exporting to DVD or Blu-ray with chapter markers
      5m 33s
    6. Exporting stems out of the timeline using roles
      8m 22s
  15. 14m 1s
    1. Solving offline media problems
      10m 29s
    2. Troubleshooting data and settings corruption problems
      3m 32s
  16. 3m 28s
    1. Next steps
      3m 28s

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