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In this chapter, we will be covering topics that will make heavier use of the Trim buttons that we mapped to the custom tool palette in Chapter 3. As a reminder, we placed the trim buttons here, pretty much in the center of the toolbar between the editing buttons and the effect buttons, so they are mainly centered around this area here. I have loaded up a simple example sequence here that is just to sync audio and video. If you don't have access to the course materials, just prepare yourself a simple rough-cut sequence like this.
Just make sure that the clips have some handles so that you can trim backwards and forwards. Now before you begin using the actual trim tools from the Smart Tool palette over here, what I would like to do is just run through some basic trim concepts and some very basic trim tools that exist in Media Composer. Here at this transition point between interview 1 and interview clip 2, we can here that the outgoing tail has been left a little long. (Female speaker: Three things that matter. It's the music, the dance floor, and your partner.) (Female speaker: My great-grandmother owned--) So if I wanted to remove that pause at the end of interview clip 1 there, obviously one way I could do it would be to make a mark in, make a mark out, and then use the Extract function to remove that material from my sequence, and close up the gap.
However, a far quicker way would be simply to play back to the point where I think the clip should end, and then use the Tail command. And whichever method we choose this is known as a single-sided trim because just one click on one side of the edit point was affected. In this case it was the tail of the first clip, and it was also a ripple trim, because the entire sequence got slightly shorter. Okay, let's zoom back out and look at the next transition point between interview clip 2 and interview clip 3. (Female speaker: When I was just in elementary school. There's this weird line that you have to try--) Again, we seem to have some slack on the outgoing tail, but then the incoming head on interview clip 3 seems to be slightly cut off.
So zooming back in, let's just look at this a little bit more. It might well be that simply by rolling this transition point backwards in the timeline we would remove the slack off the outgoing material and add a little bit of material back onto the head of our incoming clip, to remove that sort of cut-off feeling that we have at the beginning there. So let's just play over that. (clip playing) So that's how I feel that's the natural point of transition right there.
If I make an in point now and then I use my Extend button here in the tool palette, you can see now that I have been able to extend the head of the interview clip 3 backwards in time overwriting the material that was at the end of interview clip 2 that just was a little bit baggy. Let's play that back. (Female speaker: Just in elementary school. There's this weird line that you have to--) There we go! So in this particular case, we performed an overwrite edit. It was a dual-sided edit, so both sides of the transition were involved.
We extended the head of clip 3 and we retracted the tail of clip 2. And it's an overwrite edit because it actually didn't affect the length of the sequence. The sequence remained exactly the same length as it was before. So now those two examples that we have just seen are examples of simple audio-video cutting. Audio-video cutting is where every edit for a clip is the same across audio and video tracks. Now, usually this is done because as you work at the beginning of your project, you want the freedom to be able to trim and move clips around easily.
But later on in your project, you will probably want to introduce split edits where audio and video cuts are offset from each other, producing a more natural viewing experience. Let's zoom out again and go further down the timeline to the transition between interview clip 3 and 4. (Female speaker: Going to be doing it. And can this dress hold up. Swing dancing is bigger now, around--) So, in this particular case, I am happy with the audio edit, but I am finding the little smile that comes in just at the end of interview clip 3 as a little bit distracting.
So in this case, I'd like to go ahead and create a split edit where the video for interview clip 4 comes in a little bit earlier, maybe just before the smile starts there. So to do this, obviously the first thing I need to do is deactivate A1 and A2, so I am only performing an operation on the video track. And of course, now that I'm parked in the position that I want to be in, I can use my in point marker and then simply go to the Extend function again, and this time I've used it to create a split edit.
So that covers trim using the most basic tools available to us in Media Composer. In the next section, we will start to use the actual Trim tools, which give us more advanced features.
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