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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
In this movie we'll take a look at how to apply automatic color corrections. So I am going to go into my 10.5 sequence, and as you can see, in the beginning here, we have our same three images but without any of the based corrections that we have already applied. This time we are going to see how Final Cut's Automatic Corrector does. This automatic corrector is specifically a balance color effect, which is basically the same as removing the color cast which we did before. So I'm going to select my image and open up the Inspector, Cmd+4, and I am also going to bring up some Video Scopes, specifically the RGB parade.
So you want to make sure you have Waveform and RGB Parade selected. And so just as before we see that this has a color cast, our blue values are too low. So what I am going to do is come over to this button right here, where it says Balance, and then it says Analyzed. Now the reason it says Analyzed is because when I imported this footage I check the box that says analyze for balanced color, this means that Final Cut has gone through every frame of my clip and analyzed the color for the entire shot.
If you hadn't checked Analyze for balanced color, then this balance color command is going to base its analysis of the color balance on the frame that you are resting on. And just to remind you, you can either select for Final Cut to analyze the color balance when you import the footage or in the Event Browser. So just real quick, if I come to one of my clips I can just right-click, choose Analyze and Fix, and then I just need to check this box right here Analyze for balance color, and then it will perform the analysis, and we just cancel here.
So coming back over here we have our shot that needs a little bit of help. And I'm just going to click on in this button Balance, and you can see that my color channels were balanced. It's brought everything into alignment. I can select one clip, or I can select multiple clips to do this for, we can just balance them all at once. And now you can see that it's gone through and balance the color. But do you see that there's a problem, the issue is is that my contrast is still not very good. In this case, the shot is too flat, in this case the shot is too dark, and the shot is too contrasty.
So if you remember from our workflow that is supposed to be the very first step of the process. So in that sense the Balance Color command is best used once you have already correct your Luma values. So let me undo this correction, Cmd+Z and then quickly correct my Luma and then do it again. So I have got my BD clip selected, and I am going to go into Correction 1. Let's just go over to the Luma waveform, and then I'll go to Exposure, and we'll bring our blacks down and our whites up.
So much better, now we'll come back and balance the color. And it looks much better, we will have to go in and fix a couple of these values where it's gone above a hundred and below zero. But in general much better than just balance color on its own. Same thing here, come in and correct Luma first, like so. then come, back balance the color, and things are looking a lot better. So use those in conjunction with one another rather than relying entirely on this magic color balance control.
Now I am going to come down to this middle set of clips, and I want to talk about Match Color. Match Color is going to let me match one shot's basic color scheme to another shot's basic color scheme. So I'm going to close out my Video Scopes right now so we can see this image better. So if you take a look at these two shots you can see that they look different, even though they are very similar. They do look different as far as their basic color scheme. So let's try to match this one that definitely needs some color correction to this one right here.
So the first thing I am going to do is click on the clip that I want to change, and then I am going to come up to Match Color. And when I click on Choose it's going to ask me to select the frame that I want to match it to. So I'm going to just skim, and you can see that when a skim there's a little camera attached to it. I am going to click right here and then just watch these two images. So basically it's matched, the color scheme from this image to this one, and this looks much better, and you could edit these together within the same scene now, it's going to work.
I'll apply the match, and it's looking good. Same thing here we have got BD pruning his tree here and then here and then there. And I think one and three could go together, but then you have this very icy blue shot here. So let's do the same thing I am going to select this clip, come up to Match Color, Choose. And first I'll select this one right here, and you can definitely tell that it's matched the color scheme. It might be a little bit too sandy here I think we need to retain some of the blue sky, so let me cancel and do the same thing, again let's choose this middle one and then select this one instead.
So that's more like it, we will probably have to tweak it further, but if I apply this match and then go from this image to this image to this image it's looking a little bit more like it. Again, we will have to tweak this a little bit further, but it's looking okay. Now let me undo that and let me show you if we would have gone the other way. Let me try to match this shot to this one. So I'll select it, I'll choose Match Color and then come over here and then say I want you to match it to this one, select and so you can come up with some interesting results here.
We have just made this a very icy shot. So as you can see, not what we would want to do here. Let me cancel this out. Fortunately, you can further manipulate the controls after you perform a Match Color in order to get everything looking as good as possible. But this can at least give you a good starting place for your corrections.
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