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Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X gives video editors a comprehensive tour of the new tools and the interface makeover for Apple's premier video editing software. It showcases the differences from Final Cut Pro 7 and paves the way for a painless upgrade experience. Author Abba Shapiro covers the new interface and workflows in Final Cut X, the magnetic timeline, connected clips, and the deep integration of color correction and sound editing.
This course helps experienced Final Cut Pro editors understand new ways of performing traditional editing techniques. New terminology and new tools for performing editing functions are also clarified.
When you first open Final Cut Pro X, you'll notice that the interface is radically different from Final Cut Pro 7. Let's take a look at the new interface. If you've never opened or delved in to the application, most of your panels will be empty. I've pre-populated mine with media and projects so you can get a better understanding of what is what and where the things are. If you look at the layout of Final Cut Pro X, you'll see three basic areas. The upper-left is the Event Library, which is a lot like your browser, where you'll be searching through your media, marking your in and out points to bring clips into your Timeline.
In the upper-right is your Viewer window. Think of this as a combination of both your Viewer and Canvas from Final Cut Pro 7. If you're looking at media from your Event Browser it says if you're looking at your Viewer Window; if you're looking at your Timeline it says if you're looking at your Canvas. Let's look at the Event Library in a little more detail. Much like Final Cut Pro 7, the windows in Final Cut Pro X are adjustable. So if you want to see more information in your Event Library you can simply place your cursor between the two windows and drag to your right.
If you want your Viewer to be larger, you can drag to your left, and of course just like in Final Cut Pro 7, you can make the Timeline area smaller or larger as needed. Let's take a look at the Event Browser. There are two ways to view clips in the Event Browser. This is called the Filmstrip view, and it's a very efficient way to look at your media. If I move my playhead across any of these images, it actually allows me to view the media as if I'm fast- forwarding or rewinding.
This is called skimming and this is a new way of working in Final Cut Pro X. Now if you look in the lower right-hand corner of the Event Library there is a little slider. This allows me to look at my Filmstrip view in greater or lesser detail. As I move it to the left, you'll see it goes from ten seconds to five seconds to two seconds all the way down to one-half second. Now if you look at the clips you'll see those dividing lines. This doesn't necessarily mean it's a frame or a clip; we're just saying half second selections of our video.
As I move the cursor to the right we see lesser and lesser details. Another thing to keep in mind is that each of these items here are a clip. To the right of this you see a jagged edge or restoration. That indicates that this clip continues all the way down to the next line; the only time a clip breaks is when you see a curved edge. Much like when you are word processing, a sentence can wrap around to the next line, but when you have the period you know another sentence is going to start.
Now another way of looking at the Event Library is in List view and if you click the button down here to the left, you will see your clips in a more traditional way that you used to seeing them in Final Cut Pro 7. If I right-click on any of the menu headings, I can hide columns, add columns. I can even grab any column I want and reposition its order. Now let's take a quick look at the Viewer window. The Viewer window as I said was a combination of your Viewer and Canvas from Final Cut Pro 7 and works pretty much the same way.
Just like you used to, you can zoom in and zoom out in the Fit column. You can also use your traditional keyboard shortcut of Command+Plus to zoom in, Command+Minus to zoom out, and Shift+Z for Fit to Window. To the right of that is a dropdown window much like you used to in Final Cut Pro 7, where you're going to look at specific channels as well as turn on your title and action safe zones. You can also take a look at both fields of video and you're not just limited to looking at the first field of the video like you were in Final Cut Pro 7.
At the bottom of your layout is your Project Library. This is a list of all the different projects or versions of a show you may be working on. By double-clicking on any project it actually opens up the sequence for that project. Now with Final Cut Pro X, each project can only have one timeline. Again, much like Final Cut Pro 7, the same zoom in and zoom out keyboard shortcuts that you're used to work. Command+Plus will allow me to zoom into more detail of my Timeline, Command+Minus to less detail, and of course Shift+Z will Fit to Window.
You can also go to the beginning and the end of your Timeline by hitting the Home and the End key. As in the Event Library when I move my cursor over my Timeline, I'm actually skimming and taking a look at my video footage. We'll go into more detail about this in a later lesson. In between the Timeline, the Event Browser, and my Viewer is my toolbar. In Final Cut 7 you had a floating toolbar to the right which had a lot less features. This toolbar allows you to rate clips, add keywords, insert and overwrite edit and append edit, change your cursor, you have a HUD in the center that shows you time code for your original media as well as your timeline and the duration of clips, as well as effect controls that allow you to modify speed, color correct, add filters, transitions, generators, and the like.
One of the most useful features in Final Cut X is the Inspector. The Inspector will show you details about any clip you select. In this case we have a video-only clip. If I selected a clip with both video and audio, I can look at details about those elements as well as detailed information about the media. Let's close the Inspector by clicking on the I or pressing Command+4. Directly below the Inspector button is another slider that's very useful.
This allows you to once again zoom in and zoom out on the detail in your Timeline and to the right of that you can change the appearance of the clips in your Timeline. There are six different ways to view the clips in your Timeline. You can also control the height of the clip and show if clips are connected to other clips. On the left side of the Timeline is something called the Media Browser. This allows you to quickly jump to any clip within your Timeline by simply clicking on it and you can sort through these clips by typing in a keyword, in this case Pablo, so I can just jump directly to all the clips that Pablo is in.
Finally, just like Final Cut Pro 7, Final Cut Pro X allows you to use two monitors and this could be very advantageous when editing. Let's go to the pulldown menu labeled Window and at the very bottom there is the option to Show Events on the Second Display or Show Viewer on the Second Display. By selecting Show Events on the Second Display, the screen moves my Event Library to the second display, allowing me to see it in much more detail. Here we're looking at it in List view.
Let's take a look at it in Filmstrip view. As you can see in Filmstrip view it allows me to see all of my clips that I'm using in this program as well as continue to skim over them if needed. Switching to Show Viewer on Second Display is much like switching to Show Cinema Desktop Preview from Final Cut Pro 7 and allows me to watch my clips or watch my movies in full screen on my second monitor. Let's go back to our Window drop-down menu and directly below those two choices is Revert to Original Layout.
This will restore your windows back to their default view. Clearly, this is 10,000 foot overview of the interface. We'll go into more detail throughout the course. At first blush, Final Cut Pro X's interface seems radically different. But once you spend a little time editing with it, you'll appreciate its simplicity and its efficiency.
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