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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
Okay, it's time to start getting our feet wet in the Final Cut Pro X editing environment. So in order to show you around, I thought I'd first show you what everything looks like when you open the software without anything loaded, and then we'll take a much closer look at the software populated with events and projects. All right, so I am going to go ahead and just launch Final Cut, and again, we are opening into an empty interface. You won't have an empty interface, so just sit back and watch for this very first part. So, as you can see, we have three main areas here, we have the Event Library, the Project Library, and the Viewer.
Now within the Event Library, we see the hard drives where various groups of events or media can live. Essentially, these are all of the locations that we can have a Final Cut Events folder. The same thing goes for the Project Library. This is where the various groups of projects can live, or in other words, the locations that we can have a Final Cut Projects folder. In this default view, the Viewer functions to show the visual output of the material in either the Event Library or the Project Library, depending on where your cursor is.
So now let's examine the same space, but this time loaded with events and projects. I am going to go ahead and quit Final Cut, Command+Q, and I am going to go into my Media Drive. So, remember in a previous movie when I said that the Final Cut Projects and Final Cut Events folders need to be named exactly right for Final Cut to be able to see them? Well, this is proof. As you can see, in order to show you an empty interface, I just put an X in front of these names, so I basically hid these folders from the software. Again, don't try this at home, my advice to you is to just leave these alone, but again, this is proof that it does work to hide these folders from Final Cut, all you need to do is rename them by a single character and they are hidden from the software.
All right, so let's go ahead and launch again. And as you can see, we now have the same hard drives, but if I twirl this down, you can see that I have some events here, I have my Castles Event and my Farm to Table Event, and if I twirl it down further, we have some keyword collections which we'll go over in a much more detail in a later movie. But down here we also have under the Media Drive, our exercise files, and I am going to just burrow into Chapter 1, and we are in Chapter 1.3.
I am going to head back up here to the Event Library and talk about this just a little bit. So the Event Library is essentially a repository where you store and organize all of your media, all of your video, your audio, your still images, your graphics, and so on. And as you can see, to the right of the main part of the Event Library is a filmstrip view of my Event Media. So notice as I drag the playhead over the Event Media, we see the visual output in the viewer. I'm not clicking my mouse down.
I am just hovering and dragging, and I am getting a sense of what all this media is. Now you may or may not be able to hear this. I right now have my audio skimming turned off as I prefer it, but if you would like to hear the audio as you skim across here, you can just go up to View, turn on Audio Skimming, that keyboard shortcut is Shift+S, and as I drag across now, you'll be able to hear the clips.
So I am going to turn that off for now. So I'll just press Shift+S again and right now I am just getting my video skimmed. Let's come down to this menu here. If I drag this slider here all the way to the right, then each of the clips in the Event Library is shown as a single thumbnail. If, however, I start dragging this to the left, then the clips begin to give an indication of length. So if I drag it all the way to the left, then each of these squares represents a half a second.
Now you really wouldn't use this view very often. So I'm going to just drag it back to the right to about 10 seconds. So this means that each of these thumbnails represents 10 seconds or less of footage. So I think this gives us a good indication of length without being overbearing. Notice that you can also show the audio waveforms for clips that contain both video and audio, and that's right here. So if I just click on Show Waveforms, the waveforms disappear from my video and audio clips. I can bring that back.
And then my Clip Height, if I want to make everything really big, really small to fit more things in, and I think I'll just leave it right about there, like that. Now let's go ahead and head down to the Project Library where we have our projects. Now projects in Final Cut Pro X are simply sequences which are essentially the edited program made from combinations of clips. Now in past versions, you could have multiple sequences in one project, but in Final Cut Pro X, each project can contain only one sequence.
So, as you can see here, we have a couple of projects that contain various versions of sequences. I am going to go ahead and just select the sequence, and as I drag the playhead through the project, you can see the visual output in the Viewer. If I go back to the Event Library, the visual output changes to the content that I have up here. Now I can change this to show two viewers, one for the Event Library and one for the Project Library. I do this by coming up to window and then Show Event Viewer, and now I have my Event Viewer and then the Viewer for my project.
This gives you dual display that is typical of many other editing programs. Now let's go ahead and climb into one of the projects so that we can see the timeline. Now I can do that by simply selecting the project and pressing Enter or by double-clicking on the project, and here we are inside the project, and this is the timeline right here. Now notice as I skim my mouse over the content, we again see the visual output in the Viewer, and I also want to show you kind of how to change the size of the clips in the timeline, that's down here, another light switch. I'll go ahead and click on this, and as I drag to the left, my clips get smaller, and I can make them actually very large.
I can also change the way that I see my video in relation to my audio. If I click over here on the far left, I only get audio waveform, no visual indication at all, and then as I kind of go from left to right, I get more and more visual indication, and this optional right here is just bars. I am going to go ahead and select this one, because I like this for basic editing, and there are several ways to navigate the sequence. For now we'll just touch upon a few. To play this sequence, you can just press Spacebar, so I am just going to go ahead and press Spacebar, and then I'll press Spacebar again to stop.
(male speaker: You know, I'm taking a big risk.) And then to go to the beginning of a sequence, you can press the Home button, or Function+Left Arrow on a laptop and to go to the end of the sequence, you can press the End button or Function+Right Arrow on a laptop, and obviously we already know that to scrub through, I'm just going to click and drag. If I want to go frame by frame, I can use my left arrow and my right arrow, like so.
If I want to go clip by clip, so if I want to go from the head of one clip to the head of the other, I can use my up and down arrow, so if I press the Up Arrow, I am going back clip by clip, and if I press the Down Arrow, I am going forward clip by clip. As you can see, when we move through the sequence, we get a readout of our time code which is a time-based readout of where we are at in the program in hours, minutes, seconds, and frames. Now in the same general area is a toolbar which contains quite a few useful tools that we'll be exploring in future movies.
Now if I want to go back to the Project Library to access other projects, I simply click on this little film canister down here, and that gets me back to the Project Library. I can then enter another sequence by clicking on it and pressing Enter or by double-clicking and of course all the same navigation tools apply here. And just one more thing, if I want to select the Event Library, I can press the keyboard shortcut Command+1. Now the Event Library is selected, if I want to select the timeline, I can press Command+2, and now the timeline is selected, and if I want to select the Viewer, Command+3.
So as I go through these options, you can see each of these areas becomes highlighted and thus will respond to the commands that I input. Obviously, this was just a very quick introduction to the major elements of the interface, but with that foundation, however, we are ready to continue learning about all the various windows, tools, and buttons in later movies.
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