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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
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Up until this point we have been working primarily with footage that's already been brought into the Final Cut environment. We have had limited exposure to the various options we have when importing assets, but in this chapter we are really going to go through every possible scenario about how you get material into the application. And in this movie we will get a little more acquainted with the Import dialog box. So let's start from scratch, I have got some footage I am going to import and just so you know this material is not included in the exercise files. But because we won't actually be editing with it you can use any of your own media that you like to follow along with if you wish.
So I am going to create a new event on my Mac hard drive. I'll just press Opt+N, and I am going to call it "Swing Dancing". Then I'll import media, I can click on this big button right here or just press Cmd+I and my Import dialog box opens. The footage I want to import is on the desktop in this folder called Swing Dancing. So I'll just go ahead and click on the Swing Dancing folder and say Import All. And let's take a look at the Import dialog box here.
Starting at the top let's just review several things we have already covered. We are already aware that we're bringing the media into the Swing Dancing event, and that the event resides on the Mac hard drive. If I wanted to create a new event and then move it to another hard drive, I could do it up here. We also already know that if I select Copy files to Final Cut Events folder that brand-new copies of media files will be created inside the Final Cut Events folder. If I leave his option unselected I'll just end up with pointer files in my Final Cut Events folder that will refer to that media on my desktop.
So I am going to go ahead and check this and also we already know that if I check this box that says Import folders as Keyword Collections that any subfolders that I have will come into Final Cut as Keyword Collections. I don't have any subfolders, in fact I just have that one folder that says Swing Dancing, so I'm not going to check this box. Now let's head down to Transcoding. Under Transcoding I have two options, Create optimized media and Create proxy media. If I select Create optimized media, then Final Cut is going to transcode or convert the footage from its native format into Apple ProRes 422 media, which essentially is the optimal type of media that Final Cut likes to work with.
So if I do this I'll end up with the best possible combination of performance and image quality but I'll need some additional storage space, since optimized media is roughly 60 GB per hour of material. If I select Create proxy media then Final Cut is going to convert the media from its native format into ProRes 422 proxy. Now this option improves system performance significantly and still provides a pretty good image quality and requires less storage space than regular old ProRes 422 at roughly 18 GB per hour of material, so about a third of the space.
And of course if they leave these boxes unchecked than my media is imported in its native format, this generally gives you the most saving and storage space but could cause some performance issues for slower systems. And moving down to Video options just really briefly this Remove pulldown check box. We won't have the opportunity to go into what a pulldown removal really is but essentially if you check this box Final Cut analyzes video clips and removes pulldown patterns. This option is only available when importing from a tape-based camera or device and should really only be used in very specific workflows when your original footage was shot on film or shot with a camera with a 24p advance setting.
Bottom line, most of the time you leave this box unchecked or it's simply uncheckable as it is now. And then below that we have already touched on the Analyze for balance color option, if you check this on Import then Final Cut is going to go through each clip to get a sense of any color balance problems. It's not going to fix the problem immediately, but it's going to offer an immediate suggestion for a correction if you choose to click the balance button in the Inspector. Now below that we have Find people. Find people is going to employ facial recognition technology or Final Cut is going to try to analyze your video to determine if there are any human faces in the frame.
After Final Cut finishes the analysis the shots are key worded with labels such as one person, two people, group, close- up shot, medium shot, and wide shot. It doesn't always work so you'll need to go through and make sure it did the analysis correctly, but I have to say it does a pretty decent job. Again, you can choose to create smart collections after analysis which will appear in your Event Library. Now below that are some Audio analysis options many of which we have covered briefly. Analyze and fix audio problems will analyze any issue regarding audio levels, background noise or hum.
And again will give you the option to check buttons within the Inspector to perform immediate corrections which you can then tweak further. Then take a look at the bottom two options Separate mono and group stereo audio and Remove silent channels. Now neither of these options is actually destructive. It's not actually stripping media. They are simply arranging how the audio channels are configured within the Inspector. The first option actually analyzes each audio channel's waveform, and if they don't match each other then Final Cut makes them dual mono.
If they do match then Final Cut will configure them to be a stereo pair. The second option will simply mute any channel that contains no sound. So that's the Import window. A lot of options, and I didn't necessarily want to go into all of them at the beginning of the course before you had a chance to get your feet wet with editing. But as you can see, there are quite a few useful selections that you can make in order to get your media into the Event Library exactly how you want it.
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