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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
Final Cut Pro X's ability to simultaneously view and edit up to 64 separate clips is really rather incredible. You have an awful lot of flexibility as none of your clips need to even share the same resolution, frame rate, or codec, but if your clips were shot at the same time, you can automatically sync your shots together using Final Cut's built-in Audio Analysis feature. Then with everything synched together, you can easily switch between your various angles to assemble your edit. Now there are quite a few options in setting up your multicam edit.
And in this movie, we'll explore how to appropriately prep and sync your footage. Let's go ahead and open the Farm to Table event and click on the Multicam keyword collection, where we have three separate camera angles of the same interview. Now depending on the clips that you are using, synching for the Multicam edit can be superfast and effortless, or it may require just a little bit of prep time. So I thought I would first show you how synching a Multicam edit can be done the fast way, and then we'll double back and cover some of the additional options you may need to or want to use.
So the fast and easy way involves synching via Final Cut's built-in Audio Analysis feature. So, essentially what it does is match up the audio waveform for each of these clips. We saw this before when we learned how to sync video to high-quality audio. So just as before, it's crucial that audio is actually recorded on each of these cameras as they capture the footage, even if you have no intention on using it. So all we do is select each of these clips and then right-click and choose New Multicam Clip.
When you do this, a dialog box is going to pop up, and if you're doing this for the first time, this is how yours should look, but if you see a whole lot of other options displayed-- this is probably what you see--go ahead and click on Use Automatic Settings, and you should be looking at this basic view. And then for this type of sync, you just need to check the box that says Use audio for synchronization. I am going to say OK. And Final Cut is going through the process of analyzing the audio waveforms, and it's produced a new multicam clip, and this is the icon for a multicam clip.
I am just going to drag this into the multicam keyword collection to stay organized. And so here is my new multicam clip. I forgot to rename this. I am just going to go ahead and call this BD Interview multicam clip. You'll first want to just check to see that the clips are in fact in sync. So if I double-click on my multicam clip, it opens up into what's called the Multicam Editor. To see the visual output as well, I just need to come to window > Viewer Display > Show Angles.
So as I sort of scrub through this, it looks to be in sync, you can see all three interviews are basically moving and talking at the same time, but I am going to go ahead and play, and let's make sure that everything is in sync. (BD Dautch: --certified organic by CCOF, which is a certifying organization, and we grow about 100 different herbs, vegetables--) It looks great. Now if by chance things were off by a frame or two, you could move these clips left and right as needed.
So I'm going to switch to my Select tool, you can select the clip and then use your comma and period key to nudge the clip back and forth. Also just for your information, if you'd like to change the order that these clips are displayed within the Multicam editor, you can just grab these black bars and drag up and down, like so. So as I said, the scenario I just showed you is great if audio was recorded to each camera because of Final Cut's built-in Audio Analysis tool. But there are other ways that you may want to synch.
So, let's just select all three of my clips once again. And again, right-click and choose New Multicam Clip. This time we want to go into Custom settings because we want to take a look at a couple of these other options. If you look at Angle Synchronization, these are the other methods that you can sync by, and we won't talk about all of them, but I am going to talk about a couple of the most common. First of all, Timecode. Timecode is the physical address of each frame of footage dictated by a number that represents a specific number of hours, minutes, seconds, and frames.
Now if the cameras that shot all the footage were set up to have jam-synched timecode, then each clip from each camera would have identical timecode, and then you could sync this way. Now, our interviews do not contain identical timecode, so it won't work in this case. Another way you can sync your footage is to manually place a marker--and we have already learned about markers--at a common location on each of the camera angles. So if each camera angle starts with a shot of a common slate and clap sticks, then you could place a marker at that location on each of the shots and then sync by this first marker on the angle.
Let me just cancel here. In our case, there is a person clapping at the very beginning of each one of these. As you can see, there's the person clapping here and here and here. All right, so that would be a common place that you may want to place a marker, and then you could sync that way.
Let me go back into this window real quick, and I just want to discuss one more thing, and as you see, under the Angle Assembly dropdown, you have various ways that you can display your angles. I am going to cancel here. I want to show you how to attach the metadata in case you want to do this. I am going to just pop into list view, and as you can see, we have a lot of metadata about each of these clips, and of course if I right-click here, we can choose anything else. However, there's some metadata that you can add yourself, such as camera name and camera angle, and you do that in the Inspector.
If I change from Basic View to Extended View, and then I come down to Camera Angle and Camera Name, I can put data in here that's then going to allow me to sort my clips accordingly. And for 3 it's not a big deal, but if you have 20 different cameras, you might want to attach the metadata to it so that everything is organized well. I am going to go ahead and close this because we won't need to do it in our case. All right, so as you can see, there are some pretty powerful forces that work inside of Final Cut's Multicam editor.
And once you have got your Multicam group clips synched and ready to go, you are ready to begin editing.
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