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This weekly course covers the most common questions videographers encounter when shooting and editing with DSLR cameras, from choosing a frame size and frame rate to understanding moiré. Authors Rich Harrington and Robbie Carman will also help you understand the impacts of compression and the difference between cropped (or micro 4/3rds) and full-sized sensors in cameras, and much more. This continual FAQ guide is a handy way to find the answers to the questions that plague you the most.
Robbie Carman: So Rich, we've talked a little bit about audio, but one of the big things that you can do to really help yourself later on in post-production is slating both the video and your audio while recording. Rich Harrington: Yeah, and that's something I think a lot of people miss is they'll use the visual slate, which is great, it helps out a lot because then you've got that as you're scrubbing through your clips, you can see it, you go over the thumbnails, particularly things like hover scrub or skimming. Robbie: Yup. Rich: Makes it really easy to see that information. But they forget to do an audio slate, so all they have is the time of day that things were recorded, which brings up a good point.
You may want to set the clock on your digital audio recorder, because that will help. Robbie: As well as your camera, you can do the same thing. Rich: Yeah. Robbie: So what do we mean by a slate? Well, this is a slate. Maybe you've seen one of these guys before, right? And a slate allows you to fill in information about a scene, a take, a location, and so on and so forth, but I am sure you've seen this little guy at the top, a clapper. So as Rich mentioned, one reason to use a slate is for information, but the other way to use a clapper is for an actual sync point. And that is a point that you can sync up in post-production between your video and your DSLR and then your audio on your digital audio recorder.
So, the way that this works is you simply hold up this slate in front of your camera or multiple cameras, and if you're using multiple cameras make sure all of the cameras can see this slate. And then what you do, say I'm ready to go and then we go take and clap that clapper down, and you heard that loud boom? What that's going to allow you to do later in post-production is use that audio slap of the slapper right here to sync up your video and audio. Rich: If you clap that in my ear again. Robbie: Okay, I am sorry. Now just to be clear, too, Rich, you don't have to use a slate. Rich: Yeah. Robbie: Now, if you don't really have access to a slate or which we're just going to show you in just a second, in iPad app you can use these two things, right? You could always put your hands in front of the camera and just clap just like that and that's going to serve the same general purpose as a sync point later on in post-production.
Rich: Yeah, and what I have here is DSLR slate, pretty straightforward. It's got all of the relative information on it, I can load in information about the lenses, the shoot, the crew and when I go ahead and I just open that slate up what you'll see here is it puts most of that information right there. And I'll just make sure that the volume is up on this here so we can hear it, but we load in that detail and then we just go ahead and I can hit Start, it will cycle through all of that info and makes a visible pop. Now when you notice that cycling through, it was flashing all of that relevant metadata.
The benefit of that is that the editor could find out things like what was the date that this was shot, what was the time of day. And the cool thing is about something like the iPad where they make this for phones too and android phones as well, their versions is that you have a satellite clock on you, so you actually know the location for the shot from the GPS and you know the exact time of day. Of course, just running those slates doesn't really hit the information. So what's important is that when you're holding that slate up, you would do things like say, this is scene four, take two, marker.
That way when you're looking at the material in your non-linear editing tool and you're skimming through a bunch of files with nonsense names, you can go, oh, that's the right one and that goes with this video file and you join them up. Robbie: So you don't do it like I do where I just say ready to go, slap. Yeah, exactly, It helps as Rich said, it helps to not only sort of show what's on the slate, but also to reiterate in voice what's going on the scene, the shot take, the location and that kind of stuff. Rich: Yeah, so these are all useful things to do that's going to dramatically speed things up when you get to post.
Now, in some upcoming episodes we're going to take a look at a whole bunch of different ways to put this together. We've got dedicated software like PluralEyes that's going to automate this process as well as individual workflows for popular editing tools like Final Cut Pro X and Premiere Pro. So we'll explore all of those, but for now you've got all the essentials you need to go out there and record proper audio, get some practice, get some sync sound recorded, and on an upcoming episode we'll show you how to put all the pieces together.
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