New Feature: Playlist Center! Pick a topic and let our playlists guide the way.

Start learning with our library of video tutorials taught by experts. Get started

Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X
Illustration by John Hersey

Retiming clips


From:

Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X

with Diana Weynand

Video: Retiming clips

Once you've evaluated the pace of your project, trimmed it, and replaced weaker clips, you might find there are sections that you want to move through more quickly or others where you want to slow the pace a bit. While changing the speed of a clip may not be something you do in every documentary. There is a section in this project that might benefit from that effect. Let's focus our attention at the very end of this project. I'm going to move my playhead down and zoom in to that area. This includes several clips of BD talking about and sort of summing up the importance of this experience for him.
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 12s
    1. Welcome
      59s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 13s
  2. 11m 21s
    1. Understanding what makes a good documentary
      3m 38s
    2. Interpreting a creative brief to establish goals
      3m 32s
    3. Reviewing the project's media assets
      4m 11s
  3. 24m 5s
    1. Organizing and screening footage
      4m 12s
    2. Importing footage
      3m 37s
    3. Organizing and screening interview and B-roll footage
      6m 53s
    4. Annotating and renaming clips
      5m 1s
    5. Filtering and searching for clips
      4m 22s
  4. 25m 26s
    1. Make preliminary editing decisions
      6m 38s
    2. Creating mini-storylines to contain groups of clips
      5m 42s
    3. Syncing audio tracks from two different cameras
      5m 32s
    4. Deciding what you don't want in each segment
      7m 34s
  5. 25m 31s
    1. Combining primary story segments into a primary storyline
      6m 43s
    2. Clarifying the story
      5m 42s
    3. Identifying and marking project needs
      5m 32s
    4. Adding cutaways from B-roll footage
      7m 34s
  6. 25m 14s
    1. Evaluating the project's pace and timing
      6m 57s
    2. Tying up loose ends
      7m 49s
    3. Smoothing the project's story content
      4m 29s
    4. Retiming clips
      5m 59s
  7. 15m 17s
    1. Editing still images or creating a montage
      6m 8s
    2. Animating still images
      4m 11s
    3. Incorporating sound effects
      4m 58s
  8. 31m 29s
    1. Adding titles and lower thirds
      7m 37s
    2. Smoothing out the rough edges with transitions
      5m 23s
    3. Combining and mixing sound sources
      10m 45s
    4. Matching and correcting color in clips
      7m 44s
  9. 10m 21s
    1. Sharing the movie
      5m 13s
    2. Archiving the project
      5m 8s
  10. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

Watch this entire course now—plus get access to every course in the library. Each course includes high-quality videos taught by expert instructors.

Become a member
please wait ...
Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X
2h 51m Intermediate Oct 03, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course shows how to build a polished documentary using Apple Final Cut Pro X and a few essential editing techniques. Author Diana Weynand demonstrates documentary editing in a real-world project, breaking down the process into a series of manageable steps and milestones. After reviewing existing footage, explore how to build and define a narrative, assemble rough cuts, and create motion graphics. Then see how to adjust B-roll shots, incorporate color correction and audio mixing techniques, and export the final movie.

This course is part of a series that looks at documentary editing from the point of view of 3 different editors in 3 different editing applications.  For more insight on editing documentary projects, take a look at Documentary Editing with Avid Media Composer and Documentary Editing with Premiere Pro.

Topics include:
  • Interpreting a creative brief
  • Logging interviews and organizing footage
  • Pulling selects and focusing ideas
  • Assembling scenes into rough cuts
  • Creating a title graphic sequence
  • Animating images
  • Tightening clip timing
  • Compressing and exporting multiple files
Subjects:
Video Video Editing Projects
Software:
Final Cut Pro
Author:
Diana Weynand

Retiming clips

Once you've evaluated the pace of your project, trimmed it, and replaced weaker clips, you might find there are sections that you want to move through more quickly or others where you want to slow the pace a bit. While changing the speed of a clip may not be something you do in every documentary. There is a section in this project that might benefit from that effect. Let's focus our attention at the very end of this project. I'm going to move my playhead down and zoom in to that area. This includes several clips of BD talking about and sort of summing up the importance of this experience for him.

Above it, we have images of the market, BD being happy doing what he's doing, and then a woman, it seems almost be hugging the vegetables, which is sort of a close shot. But if you notice, there's a guy walking behind and the portion where she hugs is actually very short. So it might be ideal to take that short section and maybe play it back sort of in a slow-mo way. And with the BD image, it might be nice to take his face and freeze on a frame where he's smiling or laughing and end the piece in that way.

In fact, if you want to think about ending the piece with him, go ahead and drag him to the end. You have to do a couple of changes because the connected clips do not act the same way as the magnetic timeline in the primary storyline, so you have to a little bit more manual when you move things around. So for right now, let's go ahead and select these B-roll clips, and I'm going to just say Disable them, and a shortcut for that is V, so that we can focus on the BD clips beneath. (BD Dautch: I feel like I'm the luckiest person in the world. It incorporates everything that I--) So obviously, we need a little bit of a gap there.

We've learned how to do that, just Option+W, and we're going to make it a little bit of a shorter gap. (BD Dautch: ...luckiest person in the world. It incorporates everything that I look for in life. It becomes a--) So that gives us a little bit of breathing room, and now we can turn on our visuals, just press the letter V, and focus on the timing of how this works. Let's take a look now, if we deselect the clips, look at our timing in our interface. We're almost up to 3 minutes, and we still have a black gap up here.

We're going to keep that black gap, and I'll show you why in a second. That's going to be like a little holding pad for us. So first, what I'm going to do is just drag a clip over there and let it sit there so I can focus on this next clip. Now, we know we want to see BD in the second clip. We want to see him on camera. So we need to extend the previous clip to cover that gap. And if we chose to make that gap a little shorter, we can just flex with it a little bit, however you want to do it. (BD Dautch: I feel like I'm the luckiest person in the world. It incorporates everything that I look for in life.

It becomes a celebration of life, as well as--) Okay so that works for me on camera. Now, if he's talking about a celebration of life, we want to take the best part of this clip which starts right about here, and we actually want to use it but in slow-mo. Now, as I start to drag, I get stuck. I snapped to the playhead, and that's a problem. But if I press the letter N, that will turn snapping off on the fly, and it will allow me to drag through that point so I get the edit point I want. I'm going to do the same thing at the end because this is not the frame at the end that I want to use.

I just want that portion where she's sort of hugging the vegetables. And, as you can see, it's not a long clip. We're going to reposition it over this third clip, and notice I can't really snap to the other point. Why? Because snapping is off. I just turned it off to have more control. Now I'm going to press N to get that control back, and when I turn it off and on it appears as blue when it's active up here in the timeline. So let's take a look at this. (BD Dautch: ...in life. It becomes a celebration--) Well, clearly we need this clip to continue, and one way we can do that is to change the timing of the clip.

So we select the clip, and we go to our Timing menu and choose Slow, and let's start by making it play 50% slower. (BD Dautch: It becomes a celebration of life.) So if we wanted to, we could drag that out and the 50% stays. (BD Dautch: It becomes a celebration of life.) And maybe if there's any more, we may be taking it up to life, and let's go ahead and drag BD shot back in and look at it. (BD Dautch: It becomes a celebration of life, as well as a culinary celebration.) And rather than just end, let's go ahead and freeze frame.

Find a nice frame that we want to freeze on where BD is actually laughing, and maybe we bring the music up right at the end there, but let's see if we got a good frame. We don't want him looking over to his side. It will be nice to look at the person he's talking to, because this is what gives him such joy. So we put our playhead where we want to freeze, and we select the clip, go to our Retime menu, and choose Hold. And this brings up the Retime area, and we see that we have 0%, and we can drag that to create a longer freeze, and then we can trim the clip back so that we end on it.

Let's see if we like this effect. (BD Dautch: It becomes a celebration of life, as well as a culinary celebration.) Depending on the style you're trying to create, you probably wouldn't want to use a lot of timing effects in a piece like this. The most important thing is to make the narrative sound and feel natural by creating the right amount of pause when someone says something you want to view or to take in and then to make the most of the clips you've chosen to support that narrative.

There are currently no FAQs about Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X.

 
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.
Upgrade now


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

join now Upgrade now

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Notes cannot be added for locked videos.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.