Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Retiming clips to create speed effects and creating freeze frames

From: Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X

Video: Retiming clips to create speed effects and creating freeze frames

Speeding up or slowing down clips in Final Cut Pro is nothing new, but the way they've re-designed retiming a clip makes it a lot more elegant. Let's step inside the Retiming project and take a look at how it our works. I've only put three clips in my timeline because I really want you to focus on retiming the clip without having to be bothered by all the other clips and finding the exact location. The clip that we're going to work with is this center clip, broll_dance_rehearsal. I actually put three clips in the timeline, because I want you to see how the clips are rounded or affected when you speed up or slow down the middle clip.

Retiming clips to create speed effects and creating freeze frames

Speeding up or slowing down clips in Final Cut Pro is nothing new, but the way they've re-designed retiming a clip makes it a lot more elegant. Let's step inside the Retiming project and take a look at how it our works. I've only put three clips in my timeline because I really want you to focus on retiming the clip without having to be bothered by all the other clips and finding the exact location. The clip that we're going to work with is this center clip, broll_dance_rehearsal. I actually put three clips in the timeline, because I want you to see how the clips are rounded or affected when you speed up or slow down the middle clip.

Now if I want to do a time change to this clip, I could use the keyboard shortcut Command+R. I'll go over here to the drop-down menu and use one of the defaults. Now at first blush, it looks like I can only slow a clip down to a defined percentage of 50%, 25%, or 10%, and speeding up, again I'm limited to four options. This is not the case. Let's take a look how speed retiming works in Final Cut Pro X. The first thing you want to do is switch from your regular Selection tool to your Range Selection tool.

And in this clip as I skim over, I think it would be really neat if as the girl leaps in the air, I can slow that down. So using the Range Selection tool, I'm going to select the exact part of the clip where she leaps and lands. With this part selected, I'll go back over to my Speed pull-down menu and switch it over to 50%. As you see, it immediately slows down just that section, pushing the rest of the timeline further downstream. Let's go ahead and play that and see how it looks.

I'd like that, but I want it to be a little bit slower. I'm going to zoom in so you can see the detail here, and you see that it says 50%. Well, my presets are 50%, 25%, and 10%, none of which I want, but don't let that worry you. If you go over here to this widget, I can click and drag to the left or right, slowing it down precisely to the amount that I want. I think 30% would work perfectly. Let's go ahead and playback the video.

Perfect! Now something else to keep in mind is that it automatically doesn't ease in and ease out on your speed change. You can also speed up a section of a clip. Once again, use your Range tool to select part of a clip. I can go over here and speed this up to 2x, and what I want you to notice is that when something is sped up, it's a blue line. When something is slowed down, it's orange, and when it's at its original speed, it's green.

Let's go ahead and play this back. Now another great feature of Final Cut Pro X is what if I actually miss the key point where I wanted some action to happen? Well, if I try to move this right or left, all it does is speed it up or slow it down. But when you go to this drop down, in addition to being able to slow it down or speed it up right within the clip, I can change the End Source Frame. And what you'll see is a small film clip that I can move left and right and I can say precisely where I want that 100% to stop and the speeding up to start.

Now there's one more really cool feature that I'd like to show you in Final Cut Pro X. I have this great Slow-Mo of doing the leap, but wouldn't it be nice if I could repeat that? Once again with the Range tool selected, I'm going to grab that area of my video. With this area selected, I can go back down and I can choose something called Instant Replay. Now let's hit Shift+Z so you can see the whole line. When I play that, she does the leap and for those who've missed it on the East Coast, here it is again for those on the West Coast.

There's one last thing I want to talk to you about speed change, and that's quality. When you slow a clip down, there are several ways that you can get those extra frames. One is to repeat them. The other is to do frame blending. Well, you can actually choose within Final Cut Pro the Video Quality for each clip that you speed up or slow down. Normal will just repeat frames and that could look a little bit jumpy or a little bit staccato. Most of the time you want to choose Frame Blending and this will give you a smoother slow motion.

But if you really want beautiful slow motion, you can do it right here within the application. In the previous version of Final Cut, Final Cut 7, you would actually have to send your clip to Motion, apply Optical Flow, and then send it back. No more! Now if I want the quality of Optical Flow, well, Final Cut will actually look at the vectors and direction the pixels are traveling and create new pixels and images. I can do it right here within the context of the application. Now granted, it has to analyze the clip first, and you'll notice in your Viewer window it'll say Analyzing for optical flow. Don't worry! This isn't going to stop you from editing. Go ahead and keep editing.

And once it finishes the analysis, when you render, your slow-mos will be flawless. Now slow motion and speeding up is one thing, but something that we do a lot when editing is the freeze frame. And if you search for the Freeze Frame button or the Freeze Frame pull-down menu, you won't find it in Final Cut Pro X. That's because they're doing it a little bit differently. They're calling it a Hold Frame, and Hold Frames can be applied in a couple of ways. So we can focus on this third clip, I'm going to press Command+Plus and zoom in.

I'm going to skim over to the frame that I want to freeze and then click on the image to move my playhead to that position. Now I'm going to scroll over to the right to give you a better view. Once I decided on the frame that I wanted to freeze, I go to my Retiming pull-down window and simply press Hold. What you'll see is at that point in time, I now have a hold frame of the little girl. let's go ahead and hit Play and see how that works.

Now if I want the hold to be longer or shorter, just like before I can grab the edge and stretch it out longer or shorter. I'm going to press Shift+Z so we can actually see the end of our clip. If I want just the hold frame, make sure that you grab the right edge below the green line and pull it to the left. If you wanted to start in the hold, do the same thing from the beginning and you can tighten it up. If I need this hold to last longer, I simply grab the Widget and pull to the right.

And now I have a freeze frame that plays as long as I need. It may take a few minutes to get used to this whole new paradigm of speeding up and slowing down the clip. But as you can see, once you get used to it, it's way more robust than Final Cut Pro 7.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X
Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X

30 video lessons · 13071 viewers

Abba Shapiro
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 13s
    1. Welcome
      1m 18s
    2. Using the exercise files
      2m 55s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Touring the new interface
      7m 58s
    2. Running Final Cut Pro 7 and Final Cut Pro X on the same machine
      4m 45s
    3. Preferences and settings
      4m 4s
  3. 37m 12s
    1. Importing and analyzing media from a folder on your computer
      7m 47s
    2. Importing media from a camera storage card
      3m 54s
    3. Importing video from a tape-based camera
      3m 12s
    4. Organizing media in the Event Library
      6m 31s
    5. Organizing and keywording clips
      10m 1s
    6. Viewing clips in the Event Library
      5m 47s
  4. 59m 20s
    1. Creating and managing projects
      6m 45s
    2. Performing basic edits in the Primary Storyline
      8m 36s
    3. Editing in the timeline, including Ripple, Roll, Slip, and Slide edits
      6m 36s
    4. Adding and adjusting audio
      9m 21s
    5. Editing B-roll with connected clips
      5m 0s
    6. Creating compound clips as an alternative to nested sequences
      2m 13s
    7. Legacy editing paradigms
      3m 31s
    8. Fine-tuning with the Precision Editor and performing three-point edits
      6m 22s
    9. Using favorites to create subclips
      6m 54s
    10. Using markers
      4m 2s
  5. 38m 45s
    1. Adding and adjusting transitions
      8m 22s
    2. Creating titles
      7m 13s
    3. Applying motion effects to clips
      7m 34s
    4. Retiming clips to create speed effects and creating freeze frames
      7m 11s
    5. Making color corrections
      8m 25s
  6. 14m 17s
    1. Exporting from Final Cut Pro X
      6m 11s
    2. Advanced exporting using Compressor
      2m 10s
    3. Collaboration and archiving
      5m 56s
  7. 3m 26s
    1. Next steps
      3m 26s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.