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Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X gives video editors a comprehensive tour of the new tools and the interface makeover for Apple's premier video editing software. It showcases the differences from Final Cut Pro 7 and paves the way for a painless upgrade experience. Author Abba Shapiro covers the new interface and workflows in Final Cut X, the magnetic timeline, connected clips, and the deep integration of color correction and sound editing.
This course helps experienced Final Cut Pro editors understand new ways of performing traditional editing techniques. New terminology and new tools for performing editing functions are also clarified.
In this movie we are going to look at the basic edits in Final Cut Pro X, such as Insert and Overwrite and a couple of new edits, the Connect edit and the Append edit. So go down and select 03_02-Basic Edits, which is an empty timeline which we've brought in from our exercise files. The first thing we want to do is we will go ahead and will bring in a sound byte. Click on Interviews and as you see we have the Jackie Sound byte and Pablo's interview. We are going to work with Pablo's interview. Now, I want to see this in a little more detail.
I could stay in my Filmstrip view and stretch it out, but I'm used to working in the List view, because that's a lot more like Final Cut Pro 7. I will select Pablo interview and I want to pick a range to work with. So I can skim through the clip, find where he has the sound byte that I want to hear, click my mouse and drag across the range. Once the range is selected, I can simply grab that clip and bring it down to the Timeline. Now, no matter where I let go on the Timeline, Final Cut Pro X is going to have that snap to the head of the Timeline.
One thing different about Final Cut Pro X versus Final Cut Pro 7, it doesn't like to leave gaps, so you won't get any flash frames when you quickly edit a program. You can add those spaces later. We'll talk about that in a later movie. So we have our first clip in the Timeline. Let's take a look at some of our other options. I am going to go and look at some of the other Pablo footage. So I click on the Pablo smart collection and we'll again select part of this image. Now the last time we selected an image, I just clicked and dragged.
I could drag it a little more or if I want I could skim through. When I get to the frame where I want to start the image right before he bends his head down, I will hit the I key, and then when I'm done after the last move, I will hit the O key to select the exact range that I want. Now this time, instead of bringing the clip down to the Timeline, I can use one of my buttons. This button right here is our Insert button and the image represents putting a clip in between two clips, but we could use the Insert at this point to throw the clip into the Timeline.
Now you'll notice that my playhead was parked at the beginning of the Timeline, so it actually inserted the clip at the beginning just like you would have expected in Final Cut Pro and push the Pablo interview downstream. If I wanted to put it at the end of the clip and I didn't want to worry about where my playhead was at the time, I would use the Append edit button. The Append edit button will automatically slug the clip after the last clip in your Timeline. So in this case we will go to the first Pablo cutaway. Again, select a range of footage and this time I will hit the Append key, and if you notice, my playhead is still parked between clips one and two, but it puts the clip at the end of the Timeline and moves the playhead to the end.
Now there are keyboard shortcuts for both of these, and if you look at your keyboard, it actually uses three keyboard shortcuts Q, W and E. E is the Append key, or think of it as extending your Timeline, W will actually do an Insert edit and the Q, which we will learn later, is the Connect to Storyline edit. Another edit that you have probably used a lot in Final Cut Pro 7 is the Overwrite edit. The Overwrite edit is the D key. So if I wanted to overwrite from say this point right here, I simply park my playhead, select the shot that I want, we will go look at the B-roll footage, and we will pick some dance, we will pick broll_pablo_solo_inserts, again select a range that I like, and simply press the D key.
Now take a look at the Timeline. You'll see the second half of the third clip will be overwritten and the new video will be put in its place and continue down the Timeline. Another popular edit in Final Cut Pro is the Replace edit and the Replace edit is a lot more robust in Final Cut X then it ever was in Final Cut Pro 7. So for instance, let's go ahead and step one clip down in our Event Library and we are going to pick this shot broll_dance_rehearsal_24.
I am going to select a range and I want this clip to replace the third clip in my Timeline. If I go and drag this clip down and drop it onto the third clip, I will see a dialog box when I let go of my mouse. It gives me three choices that allows me to define exactly what I want to happen. If I choose Replace, it will actually put the entire clip,the in and out points of my source file, into the Timeline, thus rippling the fourth clip further down.
But if I wanted to, I could keep the length of the third clip exactly the same and just put the first part of the clip in my source, or I could back time it from the end. I am going to do a general Replace first, so you can see the ripple effect and then I will Replace from Start. As you can see, it places that whole clip in and pushes the fourth clip down the Timeline. I am going to hit Command+Z key to undo and redo this edit. As you notice, Command+Z key, one of your favorite keyboard shortcuts in Final Cut Pro 7, works exactly the same way in Final Cut Pro X. The only difference is you now have an unlimited number of undoes, instead of the limited numbers you had with previous versions.
Shift+Command+Z will allow you to redo an edit. Now once again, I'm going to drag this clip down and drop it onto the third clip in the Timeline to do a Replace, but this time I am going to simply Replace from Start. You'll notice that we will swap out the clip that's in my Event Library with the clip that's in my Timeline, but we will only take the beginning of the clip and not change the timing at all of my edited piece. Now some of you may be asking, well, if I only have the storyline, how do I do a video only edit or an audio only edit? Well, it couldn't be easier.
If I wanted to say a video only edit and not bring the audio in, I can go to this little drop down box here in my toolbar and say Video Only or Audio Only. If I switch for instance to Audio Only and I just want to bring in Pablo's interview without bringing Pablo on screen, I am going to select Audio Only. I am going to go back to the Pablo interview, pick the range that I want, and even though my playhead is now parked between clips three and four, I really want to just throw this in the end.
So I will simply hit the Append key shortcut and that's the letter E. As we see, the audio has come in, but I don't have to deal with the video. Now this is all pretty basic, but you may be asking yourself what happened to all my other tracks in Final Cut Pro X? Well, technically you don't have any more than one track in Final Cut Pro X, because it works on a completely different paradigm, that of connected clips. So if I wanted to add some B-roll, say a cutaway in Pablo's interview, I would connect a clip above the Pablo interview that we just brought in.
Let's go ahead and find a good cutaway shot of Pablo dancing. I am going to scrub through and pick a nice video chunk of Pablo dancing. Now instead of doing either an Insert or an Overwrite, we are actually going to do Connect the selected clip to the primary storyline. Now, you need to be careful here, because if I click this button at this point, it's going to want to connect it to the very end of my clip. I want to make sure that the B-roll happens exactly where I wanted to be when I bring it in.
Don't panic if you've already brought it in. I am going to show you who you can adjust that in just a moment. So I am going to position this at the beginning of the clip and simply press this button to connect the clip to the primary storyline, keyboard shortcut Q. And what you see here is we now have our B-roll attached and if I need to make it longer or shorter, I can simply grab the edge and we will go over that in the next movie. The beauty of a connected storyline is if I decide to move Pablo's interview earlier on, I don't have to worry about leaving my B-roll behind.
It will always stay attached to the clip that I connected it to. We just looked at how to bring clips into your Timeline using the techniques you already know, Insert and Overwrite, and we have had the opportunity to look at connected clips and Append edits. We will be exploring all of these in more detail in later movies.
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