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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
In the last movie, we learned how to bring media in from scratch to create an event. Now because we created the Farm to Table event from scratch, we have now got the files organized how your exercise files should be, so feel free to follow along again. Okay, so if I open up the Farm to Table event and move this over just a little bit so that we can read everything, as you can see, we already have a lot of structure going on, and that's because we chose for our folders to come into Final Cut as Keyword Collections. Now Keyword Collections are the main way that you can label your shots in Final Cut Pro X.
They are more like tags than folders, because you can label a clip with as many different keywords as you like. So in this sense, shots can exist in multiple locations, making it easier for you to find what you need. Let's take a look at the shots that used to reside in my folder called Interviews and are now branded with the keyword Interviews. So here are all of my interview shots, and just so you know, my slider over here is dragged all the way to the right so that each one of these appears as a single thumbnail. Now we have got several interview subjects in here, so let's filter these down even further.
I have got the shots of BD Dautch. He is the main subject of the documentary, and so let's add the appropriate keyword. I'm just going to click on the shot, and I'm going to come down to this Key button here and the keyboard shortcut is Command+K, and as we see Interviews is already part of this clip keyword collection, but I'm going to add another one. I'm going to just type in BD, and then I'm going to press Enter. And right now this shot is now branded with two keywords, Interviews and BD.
Also we have BD attached to Ctrl+1. So we can do a couple of things here. I could just come in and Command-click on the rest of many BD shots and press Ctrl+1, and all of them have been added, and notice over here that the keyword collection has been added, so now when I click on BD, I only get my BD interviews. So that's really handy. Let's go ahead and add one for John Downey. So I could select both of these at once but I want to show you one more way that you can add a shot into a keyword collection, so I'm just going to do one for now, and I'm going to press Command+K to open the Keyword Editor, and I'm just going to type in John Downey and Enter.
And I'm just going to close this, and we want to add that one to John Downey as well, so one other way that you can add a shot to a Keyword Collection is to just click and drag right on top of the keyword collection and let go, and here are both of my John Downey shots. Notice they did not leave the Interview keyword collection, they are still in there because they are interviews, but we filtered it down further to make that a lot more useful to us. Now you can even label portions of clips, so instead of clicking on the entire shot you just drag over the section you want to label and include that.
So I'm going to back in the Interviews, and I have already screened this, so I know kind of what parts of the interview I want to use. My Owen interview, it's at the very beginning, so I'm just going to drag this over a little bit to the left, so we get a little bit more of an indication on length. And let's go ahead and take a listen. I know it's at the beginning, I know he says eating local is the way we should be eating, that's the part I would like to section out as a sound bite. Let's go ahead and take a listen by pressing Spacebar. (Owen: Organic and local because it's just--it's um-- eating local is the way we should be eating.) So there it was. I'm just going to drag to that part, and let's see if I have got it.
(Owen: Eating local is the way we should be eating.) All right, perfect! Now I could go ahead and drag all of this over to get to that point, but what you can do-- and we'll explore this in much more detail in a future movie--is just press O to mark an out, so you can actually mark an in by pressing I and an O by marking out. And we have got this sound bite. So let's take a listen... (Owen: Eating local is the way we should be eating.) So let's go ahead and mark that out as a sound bite. So I'm just going to open up my Keyword Collection, Command+K, and I'm just going to type soundbite Enter, and now this portion is in there.
So if I click on soundbite and play this... (Owen: Eating local is the way we should be eating.) All right, so we can go ahead and put all of our sound bites in here so that we have everything ready to go for when we start editing it, it's very, very handy. Now another way you can categorize your footage is through ratings where you can attach both positive and negative labels. So if I want to characterize a shot with a favorable rating, I can simply click on the clip, so let's go ahead and find one of my favorite shots.
I definitely like this close up of the orange as the keeper, so I'm going to click on it, and then I'm simply going to either come down to this green star down here or press F on the keyboard, which is what I'm going to do. So I'll press F on the keyboard and notice that I have a green line that appeared here. So the blue line is from a keyword collection, it's keyword collection that it's Farm Scenery Keyword Collection, so it's already got that attached to it, but now it's also got a green line which represents that it has a favorite attached to it.
I can also do a portion of a clip, so if I come up to the shot here in my Flower rack focus, I definitely like that right here. My rack focus, it got a lot of other kind of parts of the shot that I can include as well. But I want to make sure that I favorite that section right there. So I'm just going to click and drag, or I could just press I mark an In and O to mark an Out, that's perfectly fine too.
But let's go ahead and favorite that so I'll press F, and you can see that the green line appeared just in that section. Now if I want to give an unfavorable rating to a clip, I do the same thing, but instead of pressing the green star or the F button, I press this Red X or the Delete button on the keyboard. So let's say I have some Farmers Market footage here, and let's just say that I did not secure the rights to show any of these people. So, I actually just can't show the shot at all.
So let's go ahead and attach an unfavorable rating to this. I have selected it, and I'm just going to press Delete, and now you can see that we have a red line marking this clip. Now, realistically you can use these for anything, not just favorable and unfavorable, maybe the green line represents the shots you know you'll use in the program and red represents shots you know you won't use, or maybe green represents primary materials and red represents supplementary materials. But regardless of what you have set them as, you can specify how you view these clips from this menu up here.
If I click up here and click on Favorites, ah-ha! There is nothing in here. Well, the reason is that it's looking at favorites, and it's looking at my keyword collection Farmers Market. I didn't mark any favorites in the Farmers Market keyword collection. So if I come back up here and select the entire event at large, you'll notice that there are my two favorite shots that I made. And if I want to go back up and just hide my rejected clips, then it's going to show me absolutely everything in here except the stuff that I have rejected. So that shot that I rejected from the Farmers Market of the crowd of people is not going to be in here, and you can see there are several other criteria as well.
But I would say that those are the two main ones that you'll use. Now if you want to remove a rating from a clip-- for example, let's say that I want to just take away that Favorite rating--it's this white star here or the U key on the keyboard. So if I want to take that away, I'm going to press U, that's gone, and if I show my Favorites again, now that shot is gone. So it's been unrated. So, as you can see, adding metadata to our clips allows us to really hone in on exactly what materials we are working with.
I recommend spending a lot of time up front doing this type of organization, because it really helps out later when you're deep in the creative process, and you need to quickly access your shots.
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