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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
Okay, we have learned to mark our clips, and we're ready to begin editing, let's get started. Now to start editing, we need to create a sequence, which in the world of Final Cut Pro X means that we need to create a project, since a sequence and a project are one at the same. So I'm just going to go into Chapter 3.3. And I can either right-click and choose New Project or just press Command+N. Now when we create a new project, we have a few options. First and foremost, we need to name the project, so Farm to Table Intro. And I need to set a default event, which is basically just going to be the event that's going to be associated with this project, so right now that's correct.
Then we need to tell Final Cut what format we want the audio and video to be. Now if we know the type of media we're using ahead of time, we can select Custom and then come into each of these dropdown menus and choose the appropriate options. Or we can just set our options based on the first video clip that we added in. And these are the Automatic Settings, which is what we're going to use in this case. So I'll say OK. Okay, we're inside the project which means we're ready to start editing. As you can see, here's the primary storyline, and this is where we'll be crafting the backbone of the scene.
So because this is an interview-driven scene, let's go ahead and lay our interview bites in first, so I'll go to the Farm to Table event, and I can either go to my interviews or BD, because I know that in the previous movie, I marked a couple of sections in the BD interview 4. So I'm just going to select this and go into list view, and I Favorited out a couple of soundbites. Again, if you did not do this, you'll just want to go through the interview, make sure that you find some parts that you would like to include and then mark an in and out around them, and you can Favorite time like I did here.
All right, so let's go ahead and just play this. I'll press Forward Slash. (BD Dautch: There is definitely a movement happening. It's not just here, it's worldwide, and in a way, like I said, it's a renaissance.) All right, perfect! So we'll go ahead and edit this in. Now because this is the very first shot that I'm laying in, it honestly doesn't matter if I edited it in using Insert Edit or an Append Edit or if I just drag this in. So let's go ahead and press the W to insert this shot. When I do this, a window appears letting me know the video and audio settings that will define in this project. And if I want, I can change these.
I would like to keep these as they are, so I'll select OK. And you can see that I have made my first edit. Now as you can see, the clip is very small within this large timeline. If I want to fill the sequence inside the timeline window, I just press Shift+Z, and as you can see, it expands, and I can see everything a lot better. Now let's go ahead to the next soundbite. Again, if you have not marked these, then just go ahead and find your favorite part of this interview and mark them like we learned in the pervious move.
All right, so let's go ahead and give this a play, make sure everything sounds good. (BD Dautch: So many people now are aware that getting it directly from the producer is the way to go.) All right, perfect! And I'm just going to go ahead and press W again, and we have got our second shot laid in. Now because my playhead was at the end of the last clip, my shot was edited at the end of the sequence. I'm going to undo by pressing Command+Z and just review one thing about insert edits. If my playhead was for example, at the beginning of the sequence, and I press W, then my second bite is going to be included at the beginning of the sequence.
Let me press Command+Z to undo and place my playhead in the middle of the shot, then it's going to basically split this in two, all right, so Command+Z again. Again, I do want it to come to the end, so in this case I'm going to leave my playhead right where it's at, and I'm going to press the E key, and I'm going to do an Append Edit. So now I don't need to think about where the playhead is. So insert is going to insert it at the playhead location, and append edit is always going to insert at the end. All right, so I'll press Shift+Z to fit everything within the timeline view, and I'd like to continue adding my interview bites, mostly from the various chefs.
I'm going to go back to interviews and thumbnail, so I can give you a sense of where we're going to go next. The next thing we're going to do is insert Justin's interview. Just to get us going into this exercise, I have marked this sound bite as a Favorite. So that when I click on it, it's all set to go with the appropriate in and out points. Now if you don't have the portion of the shot marked and Favorite it as you like, then you should feel free to find your own interesting soundbites to include. All right, let's see I'm going to go to list view again, we have got Justin, and I'm going to go ahead and just play this section here, Forward Slash.
(Justin: I don't know how I'd run my restaurant without all these farms, that's for sure. This is where the magic starts.) Okay, so I'm going to edit this in, my playhead is at the end of the sequence so it really doesn't matter if I insert or append, so I'll append, I'll press E, and I have got my next interview laid in. All right, so I'm going to go back to my interviews here, and I have got another chef, Owen here, and again, I Favorite it this section, we actually did perform this in our prior movie. I'm going to go ahead just play this so you can see what I'm laying in next, press Forward Slash.
(Owen: Eating local is the way we should be eating.) All right, so I'd actually maybe like to include that right after BD talks, so I'm going to go ahead and position my playhead right in between these two shots. And as you can see, it sort of magnetizes right in between these two shots. This is called snapping. It kind of pulls to that section and also the playhead turns yellow. Now snapping is really nice to have one when you're editing like this. So if you'd like to make sure that the snapping behavior is enabled, you just need to make sure that this snapping button right here is blue, and the keyboard shortcut is N.
So if I press N again, then you can see that I don't really get that magnetic behavior. If I press N again to turn it back on, it sort of snaps right in there, so that's really nice. So I want to put Owen's interview right in between BD and Justin. So I'm just going to put my playhead here and press W to insert, and there's Owen's interview. And just one last soundbite coming from John Downey. Again, I have picked this section out, I Favorite it, and I'm just going to go ahead and play it so you can see what I'm laying in here, I'll press Forward Slash.
(John Downey: --its freshness, its flavor, it's just a much better product, it really is.) All right, and I want that to go, I think at the end, so I'm not going to worry about positioning that playhead at the end, I'm just going to press E to append. And there's John Downey's interview. I'm going to press Shift+Z to make sure I can fit everything in, and let's go ahead and just take a listen at my interview base as it is now. (BD Dautch: There is definitely a movement happening. It's not just here, it's worldwide, and in a way, like I said, it's a renaissance.
So many people now are aware that getting it directly from the producer is the way to go.) (Owen: Eating local is the way we should be eating.) (Justin: I don't know how I'd run my restaurant without all these farms, that's for sure. This is where the magic starts.) (John Downey: --its freshness, its flavor, it's just a much better product, it really is.) All right, I think we're well on our way to laying a good foundation for this scene. As you can see, inserting and appending are great ways to add your material, one shot at a time in any order that you like.
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