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This movie is titled legacy editing, and what I want to cover here is working with something new called a gap edit to make Final Cut X work a lot like Final Cut 7. Let's go ahead and step into the project. Now you'll notice we have two clips on the Timeline and there are a couple of things you cannot do in Final Cut Pro X with the Selection tool. For instance, if I wanted to drag this clip to the right to leave a space in the middle to video in later, it will automatically snap back. Now don't think you can't do this. All you have to do is switch to the proper tool.
If you go to your Tool drop-down menu, and instead of having Select chosen, switch to Position. Now if you look closely, the difference between the icon for Select is an arrow with a tail and the Position is an arrow with outer tail. Once you switch to the Position tool you can simply drag the clip exactly where you want it and you'll notice it stays where you leave it. But it's done something else. Final Cut has created what's called a gap clip. Think of this kind of as a slug but not a slug, because the slug is not transparent.
So if I put a clip below this, you'll actually be able to see through it. Now a gap clip works exactly like a regular clip. If I grab it by the edge, and let me go ahead and hit the A key and switch to my Selection tool, I can do a ripple edit. If I position my playhead between the clips and press T to switch to my Trim tool, I can do a roll and I can even do slips and slides. You can also easily move a gap clip throughout your Timeline.
Let's switch back to the Selection tool by pressing the A key and if you notice, I can move it around just like a regular clip. Now suppose I wanted to add a gap clip without having to switch to the Position tool. The keyboard shortcut to create a gap clip is Option+W. Let's go ahead and delete the gap clip that we have in our timeline, position our playhead in the middle of an existing clip, and go ahead and press Option+W. Final Cut Pro automatically creates a gap clip with a duration of three seconds.
If I need this to be longer, I can stretch it out or type in a numerical value. Another advantage of a gap clip is as a placeholder. So if I know I need a space for say a three or four second clip, I can go ahead and put a gap clip in and then later on when I want to replace it with a piece of video, I simply select the video I want, click on it, mark an in point in the video and drag it down and do a Replace edit. Now keep in mind, if I do a generic Replace edit, I may ripple my timeline longer or shorter.
So you need to do a Replace from Start or a Replace from End, if you want to back on this clip. Another legacy way we can edit in Final Cut Pro X is something I showed earlier and that's a top and tail edit. So for instance, if my playhead is parked right here and I just want to remove what's beyond the playhead to the end of the clip, I can simply use the keyboard shortcut Option+Right Bracket. Hit Command+Z to undo that. If I wanted to trim everything off the front of the clip, it's the same thing, but in this case Option+Left Bracket.
Editing in Final Cut X with the magnetic Timeline changes the way we play the game. By using gap clips and trimming heads and tails, you can make Final Cut Pro X edit a lot more like Final Cut Pro 7.
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