Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Keyframing audio in the timeline

From: Final Cut Pro X Essential Training

Video: Keyframing audio in the timeline

Adjusting audio levels is fairly standard when you're making adjustments for an entire clip at once. However, when you need to make audio adjustments within the boundaries of a clip, you need to do things a little bit differently. So, in this movie, we are going to explore how to perform audio keyframing. So I am going to go into 6.2, and I have our Farm to Table sequence, we have adjusted some levels, but I want to make some special adjustments with my music. I'd actually like my music to fade up and down depending on whether it's playing alone, just behind some B-roll, or whether it's playing behind some dialogue.

Keyframing audio in the timeline

Adjusting audio levels is fairly standard when you're making adjustments for an entire clip at once. However, when you need to make audio adjustments within the boundaries of a clip, you need to do things a little bit differently. So, in this movie, we are going to explore how to perform audio keyframing. So I am going to go into 6.2, and I have our Farm to Table sequence, we have adjusted some levels, but I want to make some special adjustments with my music. I'd actually like my music to fade up and down depending on whether it's playing alone, just behind some B-roll, or whether it's playing behind some dialogue.

I am just going to position my cursor right about here, zoom in, Command+Plus. Right where I want it to dip, I am going to kind of hover right over this black line and then press Option. And you can see that my cursor changes, and I have this little diamond to the right of the cursor. I am just going to click, and then I am going to click again right here. Now, what I have done is add two keyframes, and keyframes act as points of change where I can make adjustments in my audio.

Right now I can just drag one of these keyframes up and down, and you can see that my audio levels are raising up and down, and you can see by how much the relative decibel amount is displayed. Notice that I can also drag my keyframe from left to right to affect the basic ramp. So, if I wanted to be really abrupt or really gradual, I can affect that as well. I want to make sure everything is sounding good in the beginning. I am going to go ahead and play.

(video playing) (BD Dautch: There is definitely a movement happening--) Maybe a little bit too much, so I am going to raise that just a little bit, and actually bring this up a little bit too. Let's play again. (BD Dautch: There is definitely a movement happening. It's not just here, it's worldwide, and--) And then at the end, let's just bring it up a little bit here as well. So again, I am going to Option-click, Option-click, and let's actually just add 4.

And then what I can do is I can just grab this bar in the middle, and drag up. I just want to bring the music up just a little bit in between these two interviews. So let's check this out. (video playing) (John Downey: --its freshness, its flavor--) So, I think the music is sounding okay. Now, it can be tedious to add all of these keyframes. There is another way to do that which I will show you now, press Shift+Z to fit everything in the timeline.

And as you can see, I have my keyframes here. Let's just undo, Command+Z, get rid of all of these keyframes, and I am going to show you one other way. If I want to, I can switch from the Select tool to the Range Selection tool, keyboard shortcut R. And then all I need to do is drag over the area that I want to affect. So, if I want to dip the music down right here, I just click and drag and then bring it down.

I think I had it down by about 9 decibels, and I will do the same thing over here, and that was easy. So, I am just going to re-enable my Selection tool, A. And you can see that it added my keyframes for me. If I want to zoom in, Command+Plus, I can affect these keyframes however I want after the fact as well, they're just normal keyframes. But using the Range Selection tool is just another way to add them. If I want to delete keyframes, I just click on it until it turns orange, like I have here, and press Delete.

I am going to undo that, Command+Z. Now, there is just one more way to fade audio within a clip, and it's at the very beginning or very end. If I come to the beginning here, if I hover near the edge, do you see this little knob? Once I see this, and once my cursor changes to this double-sided arrow, I just drag inwards, and I have automatically created a nice easy audio ramp. By default, it looks like this broad sweeping curve.

But I can change that if I want to. I just right-click and choose one of these other configurations, like so. Now, I have a little bit of an audio pop at the beginning of BD's interview, so let's just do that right here and see if we can soften that up, and I will Play. (BD Dautch: There is definitely a movement--) And I think we have eliminated it just by causing that little ramp. So, as you can see, keyframing your audio is both a simple and powerful technique to raise and lower the audio levels within the boundaries of a clip.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Final Cut Pro X Essential Training
Final Cut Pro X Essential Training

78 video lessons · 37465 viewers

Ashley Kennedy
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 6m 16s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 16s
  2. 23m 30s
    1. Understanding the world of nonlinear editing
      5m 2s
    2. Understanding how FCP X works: A new take on story creation
      1m 48s
    3. Taking a tour of the FCP X interface
      8m 59s
    4. Accessing additional tools
      6m 23s
    5. Getting to know the projects for this course
      1m 18s
  3. 24m 41s
    1. Creating and organizing events from scratch
      5m 20s
    2. Organizing footage with keywords and ratings
      8m 19s
    3. Performing searches and creating Smart Collections
      4m 59s
    4. Displaying event data
      6m 3s
  4. 42m 11s
    1. Playing and marking clips in preparation for editing
      7m 16s
    2. Understanding different types of editing tools
      6m 20s
    3. Making the first edits: Using Insert and Append edits
      7m 31s
    4. Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits
      5m 54s
    5. Performing video- and audio-only edits
      3m 45s
    6. Moving clips within the primary storyline: Swapping shots and creating gaps
      3m 28s
    7. Removing material from the primary storyline
      3m 44s
    8. Understanding timeline navigation: Snapping, skimming, zooming, and panning
      4m 13s
  5. 23m 58s
    1. Trimming clips: Using the Ripple tool
      9m 9s
    2. Manipulating transitions: Using the Roll tool
      5m 36s
    3. Changing clip content and position: Performing Slip and Slide edits
      5m 40s
    4. Using the Precision Editor for fine trimming control
      3m 33s
  6. 14m 2s
    1. Connecting clips to the primary storyline
      7m 0s
    2. Understanding the features and limitations of Connected Clips
      3m 40s
    3. Working with secondary storylines
      3m 22s
  7. 31m 23s
    1. Adjusting the audio level and channel configuration via the Inspector
      8m 47s
    2. Keyframing audio in the timeline
      4m 57s
    3. Repairing audio problems automatically
      5m 25s
    4. Adjusting audio EQ
      4m 46s
    5. Recording audio
      4m 4s
    6. Syncing audio from multiple sources
      3m 24s
  8. 25m 6s
    1. Nesting and breaking apart clips
      4m 1s
    2. Performing quick extractions using Top and Tail edits
      6m 16s
    3. Auditioning clips to try multiple editing options
      4m 9s
    4. Working with markers
      4m 57s
    5. Customizing the keyboard and workspace
      5m 43s
  9. 14m 28s
    1. Syncing your multicam group clips
      6m 47s
    2. Performing a multicam edit
      3m 53s
    3. Refining the multicam edit
      3m 48s
  10. 1h 26m
    1. Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort
      10m 32s
    2. Using motion effects with still photos and graphics
      6m 25s
    3. Adding and adjusting transition effects
      7m 46s
    4. Adding and adjusting video effects
      6m 26s
    5. Adding and adjusting audio effects
      4m 30s
    6. Keyframing video and audio effects over time
      6m 18s
    7. Copying and pasting effect properties
      4m 15s
    8. Creating and adjusting titles
      7m 18s
    9. Working with generator effects
      6m 46s
    10. Adding animated themes
      4m 7s
    11. Creating freeze frames
      3m 51s
    12. Using speed effects to retime clips
      8m 2s
    13. Working with layered Photoshop files
      6m 19s
    14. Understanding rendering options and preferences
      4m 4s
  11. 36m 15s
    1. Analyzing footage for problems
      3m 49s
    2. Following a proper color correction workflow
      10m 29s
    3. Apply multiple color corrections to clips
      3m 41s
    4. Using color correction templates
      3m 11s
    5. Using automatic color correction tools
      6m 15s
    6. Performing secondary color correction with color masks
      4m 30s
    7. Performing color correction adjustments using shape masks
      4m 20s
  12. 18m 54s
    1. Taking a closer look at the import and analysis options
      5m 56s
    2. Importing from cards and file-based cameras
      4m 14s
    3. Importing iMovie projects and events
      1m 58s
    4. Capturing from tape
      3m 18s
    5. Making a tape archive
      3m 28s
  13. 16m 13s
    1. Managing events between different drives and destinations
      6m 13s
    2. Managing render files
      2m 56s
    3. Collaborating and archiving
      7m 4s
  14. 34m 38s
    1. Sharing projects using presets
      7m 41s
    2. Exporting a hi-res QuickTime movie
      3m 46s
    3. Using Compressor to export with custom settings
      7m 54s
    4. Exporting a still image
      1m 22s
    5. Exporting to DVD or Blu-ray with chapter markers
      5m 33s
    6. Exporting stems out of the timeline using roles
      8m 22s
  15. 14m 1s
    1. Solving offline media problems
      10m 29s
    2. Troubleshooting data and settings corruption problems
      3m 32s
  16. 3m 28s
    1. Next steps
      3m 28s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Final Cut Pro X Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.