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This course shows how to build a polished documentary using Apple Final Cut Pro X and a few essential editing techniques. Author Diana Weynand demonstrates documentary editing in a real-world project, breaking down the process into a series of manageable steps and milestones. After reviewing existing footage, explore how to build and define a narrative, assemble rough cuts, and create motion graphics. Then see how to adjust B-roll shots, incorporate color correction and audio mixing techniques, and export the final movie.
This course is part of a series that looks at documentary editing from the point of view of 3 different editors in 3 different editing applications. For more insight on editing documentary projects, take a look at Documentary Editing with Avid Media Composer and Documentary Editing with Premiere Pro.
Throughout this documentary, you edited farmers market B-roll clips with their natural sound. But some of the clips in the farmers market contain music playing in the background that you might not have permission to use. So what do you do when you want to use clips with a natural sound but not the original sound, and especially not with music? You find other sound options and marry them to the clip. In this particular project there's just one clip. This is a clip of the crowd. Let's take a listen. (music playing) So, you hear some music.
And let's say that we don't have permission to use that music but that we might want to use this particular clip. Well, what we want to do is we want to edit sound from other clips, the length of this clip. So if we want to edit to the links, we need to mark the clip. Now notice, that selecting the clip and having a yellow outline is not the same as marking it because there are no handles. If I press X, that marks an in and out around the selected clip and notice now we have the handles.
So now it's defining the particular length for our next edit. Let's look at the Event browser, and let's take a look at this clip the Stand01. So, this is another clip of the farmers market. It seems to have sound--background sound--but I don't hear any music playing. So, it might be a good source to edit the audio from. And the way we want to edit just audio. So, we go to our Editing Options and choose Audio Only.
And now we connect to that clip to this one. So now we have the particular audio from that clip attached. Now what we're going to do is go ahead and Drag down the audio on the video clip and listen to what this sounds like. (video playing) Well, it's plausible, but let's keep looking. There might be a few other shots that could add to this. Let's look at the Shoppers_01 clip and listen to it.
(video playing) So, like the other one, this adds something to it, maybe some handling, or talking a little bit in the background. So, let's do the same thing. We go ahead and we select the clip, press X, and now we can connect that particular sound, and now what it did is it added another soundtrack beneath. Let's hear what they sound like together. (video playing) So, we keep building the sound. Well, there's one more sound that I want to take a look at.
It's called Stand_Slider_02. (video playing) So, I'm not sure if this will add enough of what we need or if it will be long enough. So, we can definitely take out that portion we don't want, and we can add it to the mix and see what we get. And what Final Cut tells us is that there's not enough media to fill the range. And we can say go ahead and put what we've got in there. (video playing) So, the nice thing is that, that added a little bit of depth, as you'll hear when we continue to adjust the two sources. (video playing) So, one thing you can do is do the old Option+Drag.
Just press Option and then Drag from the clip, and now you've duplicated it, and then you can trim it back. Now, what have you got, you've got video and three different audios. That might get a little tough to wrangle when you try to work with that if you want to edit the clip. So, what you can do is select all of those tracks. Right-click on one and choose Make New Compound Clip. And now, all of that audio is contained within this one clip. (video playing) To see that, you can Double Click on it and in the separate timeline, it opens all the individual tracks.
So, at any point you can go in and change the volume of one to increase that sound. And then of course, adjusting the volume in the Compound Clip adjusts all three clips together. Now, let's say we want to undo the Compound Clip. If you wanted to use this audio by itself with other clips in the market, you can select those three audio clips and make a Compound Clip of those audio clips.
And then you can use just the audio to play underneath other farmers market clips that might not have appropriate sound. It may take a little time. But like the game of concentration, making the best sound effect, or group of effects, to a video clip is always rewarding. When you get it right, it feels as though the clips have been married forever.
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